Divine Devotion (Simran/Bhagati) Leads to Naam (Divine Ras)

There are numerous intellectual discourses on Hukam and Naam by various individuals portraying Waheguru as a distant entity reachable through knowing His Hukam and Divine Virtues. Whereas Gurbani reminds us that a necessary step is to replace our Durmat caused by duality first by having full faith in name of remembering of Waheguru:-

– ਨਾਇ ਮੰਨਿਐ ਦੁਰਮਤਿ ਗਈ ਮਤਿ ਪਰਗਟੀ ਆਇਆ ॥ (Raag Sarang M. 1, GGS. 1242-3).
With faith in the Name, evil-mindedness is eradicated, and the intellect is enlightened.

ਨਾਉ ਮੰਨਿਐ ਹਉਮੈ ਗਈ ਸਭਿ ਰੋਗ ਗਵਾਇਆ ॥
With faith in the Name, egotism is eradicated, and all sickness is cured.

ਨਾਇ ਮੰਨਿਐ ਨਾਮੁ ਊਪਜੈ ਸਹਜੇ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਇਆ ॥
Believing in the Name, The Name wells up, and intuitive peace and poise are obtained.

ਨਾਇ ਮੰਨਿਐ ਸਾਂਤਿ ਊਪਜੈ ਹਰਿ ਮੰਨਿ ਵਸਾਇਆ ॥
Believing in the Name, tranquility and peace well up, and the Lord is enshrined in the mind.

ਨਾਨਕ ਨਾਮੁ ਰਤੰਨੁ ਹੈ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਹਰਿ ਧਿਆਇਆ ॥੧੧॥
O Nanak, the Name is a jewel; the Gurmukh meditates on the Lord. ||11||

We often ignore the fact that Waheguru is BEANT and so are His Hukam and Virtues, which can be understood by Divine Grace only; and by drawing closer to Waheguru in order to have a glimpse of His Hukam and Naam.

Various scholars tend to make spirituality an an academic subject. So according to them this Marg can be understood by joining an academy, school, college or a university. If this is the case then children and other members of the Society who do not have access to formal education cannot have access to Waheguru. Many such scholars ignore the fact that the success on Spiritual Marg is achieved by giving away one’s conceit (houmai/ego) and working with a tool of innocence of a ‘CHILD like Personality’. This gives promise to children as well as those deprived of academic education to walk on this Marg just like our Gurus (Child-Guru Har Krishan Ji), Bhagats and Mahapurakhs etc. The Gurbani clearly chalks out the way out:-

1.ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਮਿਲਿਓ ਸੁਖ ਬਾਲੇ ਭੋਲੇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (Raag Kaanrhaa M. 5, GGS. 1307-7).
I have met God through innocent faith, and He has blessed me with peace. ||1||Pause||

2. ਆਪੁ ਗਵਾਈਐ ਤਾ ਸਹੁ ਪਾਈਐ ਅਉਰੁ ਕੈਸੀ ਚਤੁਰਾਈ ॥ (Raag Tilang M. 1, GGS. 722-13).
Give up your selfhood, and so obtain your Husband Lord; what other clever tricks are of any use?

ਸਹੁ ਨਦਰਿ ਕਰਿ ਦੇਖੈ ਸੋ ਦਿਨੁ ਲੇਖੈ ਕਾਮਣਿ ਨਉ ਨਿਧਿ ਪਾਈ ॥
When the Husband Lord looks upon the soul-bride with His Gracious Glance, that day is historic – the bride obtains the nine treasures.

3. ਆਪੁ ਤਿਆਗਿ ਸਰਨਿ ਗੁਰਦੇਵ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, 288-13).
Give up your selfishness and conceit, and seek the Sanctuary of the Divine Guru.

The loss of self-consciousness, which is full of self conceit (Duality) leads to merger with Waheguru when the clarity of Divine Hukam becomes imminent:-

– ਪ੍ਰਭ ਮਿਲਣੈ ਕੀ ਏਹ ਨੀਸਾਣੀ ॥ ਮਨਿ ਇਕੋ ਸਚਾ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਪਛਾਣੀ ॥ (Raag Maajh M. 5, GGS. 106-17).
This is the sign of union with God: In the mind, the Command of the True Lord is recognized.

– ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕੈ ਸਿਮਰਨਿ ਜਪ ਤਪ ਪੂਜਾ ॥ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕੈ ਸਿਮਰਨਿ ਬਿਨਸੈ ਦੂਜਾ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, 262-18).
In the remembrance of God are chanting, intense meditation and devotional worship. In the remembrance of God, duality is removed.

– ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕਉ ਸਿਮਰਹਿ ਤਿਨ ਅਨਦ ਘਨੇਰੇ ॥ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕਉ ਸਿਮਰਹਿ ਬਸਹਿ ਹਰਿ ਨੇਰੇ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 263-10).
Those who remember God experience all sorts of joys. Those who remember God abide near the Lord

Gurmat gives enough indications on simple naming of Waheguru as a spiritual path to acquire nearness with Waheguru through a spiritual enlightenment (NAAM – Divine Ras) arising out of remembering Waheguru, Waheguru, ……………Waheguru.

Guru Nanak Sahib and Guru Arjan Dev Ji give their personal experiences of remembering of Har Nam (Waheguru
‘s name).

– ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤੁ ਹਰਿ ਕਾ ਨਾਮੁ ਮੇਰੈ ਮਨਿ ਭਾਇਆ ॥ ਨਾਮੁ ਮੀਠਾ ਮਨਹਿ ਲਾਗਾ ਦੂਖਿ ਡੇਰਾ ਢਾਹਿਆ ॥ (Raag Vadhans M. 1, GGS. 566-3).
The Ambrosial Name of the Lord is pleasing to my mind. The Naam, the Name of the Lord, seems so sweet to my mind; it has destroyed the dwelling of pain.

– ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕਾ ਸਿਮਰਨੁ ਸਭ ਤੇ ਊਚਾ ॥ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕੈ ਸਿਮਰਨਿ ਉਧਰੇ ਮੂਚਾ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 263-1).
The remembrance of God is the highest and most exalted of all. In the remembrance of God, many are saved.

– ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕੈ ਸਿਮਰਨਿ ਮਨ ਕੀ ਮਲੁ ਜਾਇ ॥ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਨਾਮੁ ਰਿਦ ਮਾਹਿ ਸਮਾਇ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 263-3).
In the remembrance of God, the filth of the mind is removed. The Ambrosial Naam, the Name of the Lord, is absorbed into the heart.

According to Gurbani, Waheguru is immanent:-

ਬੇਦ ਕਤੇਬ ਸੰਸਾਰ ਹਭਾ ਹੂੰ ਬਾਹਰਾ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਕਾ ਪਾਤਿਸਾਹੁ ਦਿਸੈ ਜਾਹਰਾ ॥੪॥੩॥੧੦੫॥ (Raag Asa M. 5, GGS. 397-7).
He is beyond the world of the Vedas, the Koran and the Bible. The Supreme King of Nanak (WAHEGURU) is immanent and manifest. ||4||3||105||

As a result of Waheguru being immanent, so it should be possible to access Waheguru when appropriately approached like a child who calls his parents for help. The same Waheguru is designated as a composite of our parents and all nears and dears who are always on our side to assist us:-

ਤੂੰ ਮੇਰਾ ਪਿਤਾ ਤੂੰਹੈ ਮੇਰਾ ਮਾਤਾ ॥ ਤੂੰ ਮੇਰਾ ਬੰਧਪੁ ਤੂੰ ਮੇਰਾ ਭ੍ਰਾਤਾ ॥ (Raag Maajh M. 5, GGS. 103-12).
You are my Father, and You are my Mother. You are my Relative, and You are my Brother.

ਤੂੰ ਮੇਰਾ ਰਾਖਾ ਸਭਨੀ ਥਾਈ ਤਾ ਭਉ ਕੇਹਾ ਕਾੜਾ ਜੀਉ ॥੧॥
You are my Protector everywhere; why should I feel any fear or anxiety? ||1||……..

ਨਾਮੁ ਧਿਆਇ ਮਹਾ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਇਆ ॥ ਹਰਿ ਗੁਣ ਗਾਇ ਮੇਰਾ ਮਨੁ ਸੀਤਲਾਇਆ ॥
Meditating on the Naam, I have found great peace. Singing the Glorious Praises of the Lord, my mind is cooled and soothed.

If we accept the above promise of Gurbani, then a simple call from us as a child to our Father/Mother should draw Waheguru close to us to take on the driving seat of our life to impart bebik-budh/Sojhi to immerse in Divine Devotion (Simran/Bhagati) of Waheguru leading to Naam (Divine Virtues):-

– ਕਰਿ ਕਿਰਪਾ ਜਿਸੁ ਅਪਨੀ ਭਗਤਿ ਦੇਇ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਤੇ ਜਨ ਨਾਮਿ ਮਿਲੇਇ ॥੩॥(Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 277-8).
Those whom the Lord mercifully blesses with His devotional worship – O Nanak, they are absorbed into the Naam. ||3||

Guru Nanak Sahib says that the Name of Waheguru is my life line and is linked to Naam (Divine Ras) as given below:-

– ਜੀਵਾ ਤੇਰੈ ਨਾਇ ਮਨਿ ਆਨੰਦੁ ਹੈ ਜੀਉ ॥ ਸਾਚੋ ਸਾਚਾ ਨਾਉ ਗੁਣ ਗੋਵਿੰਦੁ ਹੈ ਜੀਉ ॥ (Raag Dhanaasree M. 1, GGS. 688-7).
I live by Your Name; my mind is in ecstasy, Lord. True is the Name of the True Lord. Glorious are the Praises of the Lord of the Universe.

– ਨਾਇ (Name) ਸੁਣਿਐ ਮਨੁ ਰਹਸੀਐ ਨਾਮੇ (Naam) ਸਾਂਤਿ ਆਈ ॥ (Raag Sarang M. 1, GGS. 1240-1).
Hearing the Name, the mind is delighted. The Name brings peace and tranquility.

ਨਾਇ (Name) ਸੁਣਿਐ ਮਨੁ ਤ੍ਰਿਪਤੀਐ ਸਭ ਦੁਖ ਗਵਾਈ ॥
Hearing the Name, the mind is satisfied, and all pains are taken away.

ਨਾਇ (Name) ਸੁਣਿਐ ਨਾਉ (Naam) ਊਪਜੈ ਨਾਮੇ (Naam) ਵਡਿਆਈ ॥
Hearing the Name, one becomes famous; the Name brings glorious greatness.

ਨਾਮੇ (Naam)ਹੀ ਸਭ ਜਾਤਿ ਪਤਿ ਨਾਮੇ (Naam) ਗਤਿ ਪਾਈ ॥
The Name brings all honor and status; through the Name, salvation is obtained.

ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਨਾਮੁ (Name) ਧਿਆਈਐ ਨਾਨਕ ਲਿਵ ਲਾਈ ॥੬॥
The Gurmukh meditates on the Name; Nanak is lovingly attuned to the Name. ||6||

– ਪਾਧਾ ਪੜਿਆ ਆਖੀਐ ਬਿਦਿਆ ਬਿਚਰੈ ਸਹਜਿ ਸੁਭਾਇ ॥ ਬਿਦਿਆ ਸੋਧੈ ਤਤੁ ਲਹੈ ਰਾਮ ਨਾਮ ਲਿਵ ਲਾਇ ॥
(Raag Raamkali Dakhni M. 1, GGS. 937-19).
That Pandit, that religious scholar, is said to be well-educated, if he contemplates knowledge with intuitive ease. Considering his knowledge, he finds the essence of reality, and lovingly focuses his attention on the Name of the Lord……..

– ਪਾਧਾ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਆਖੀਐ ਚਾਟੜਿਆ ਮਤਿ ਦੇਇ ॥
That Pandit is called Gurmukh, who imparts understanding to his students.

ਨਾਮੁ ਸਮਾਲਹੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਸੰਗਰਹੁ ਲਾਹਾ ਜਗ ਮਹਿ ਲੇਇ ॥
Contemplate the Naam, the Name of the Lord; gather in the Naam, and earn the true profit in this world.

ਸਚੀ ਪਟੀ ਸਚੁ ਮਨਿ ਪੜੀਐ ਸਬਦੁ ਸੁ ਸਾਰੁ ॥
With the true notebook of the true mind, study the most sublime Word of the Shabad.

ਨਾਨਕ ਸੋ ਪੜਿਆ ਸੋ ਪੰਡਿਤੁ ਬੀਨਾ ਜਿਸੁ ਰਾਮ ਨਾਮੁ ਗਲਿ ਹਾਰੁ ॥੫੪॥੧॥
O Nanak, he alone is learned, and he alone is a wise Pandit, who wears the necklace of the Lord’s Name. ||54||1||

Guru Arjan Dev Ji reinforces the above thoughts of Guru Nanak Dev Ji:-

– ਬੇਦ ਕਤੇਬ ਸਿਮ੍ਰਿਤਿ ਸਭਿ ਸਾਸਤ ਇਨ੍ਹ੍ਹ ਪੜਿਆ ਮੁਕਤਿ ਨ ਹੋਈ ॥ (Raag Suhi M. 5, GGS. 747-18)
One may read all the books of the Vedas, the Bible, the Simritees and the Shaastras, but they will not bring liberation.

ਏਕੁ ਅਖਰੁ ਜੋ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਜਾਪੈ ਤਿਸ ਕੀ ਨਿਰਮਲ ਸੋਈ ॥੩॥
One who, as Gurmukh, chants the One Word, acquires a spotlessly pure reputation. ||3||

According to Guru Ram Das Ji, all those who do not forget Waheguru are spiritually elevated and blessed persons:-

ਜਿਨਾ ਸਾਸਿ ਗਿਰਾਸਿ ਨ ਵਿਸਰੈ ਸੇ ਪੂਰੇ ਪੁਰਖ ਪਰਧਾਨ ॥ ਕਰਮੀ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਪਾਈਐ ਅਨਦਿਨੁ ਲਗੈ ਧਿਆਨੁ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 4, 313-1).
Those who do not forget the Lord, with each and every breath and morsel of food, are the perfect and famous persons. By His Grace they find the True Guru; night and day, they meditate.

ਤਿਨ ਕੀ ਸੰਗਤਿ ਮਿਲਿ ਰਹਾ ਦਰਗਹ ਪਾਈ ਮਾਨੁ ॥ ਸਉਦੇ ਵਾਹੁ ਵਾਹੁ ਉਚਰਹਿ ਉਠਦੇ ਭੀ ਵਾਹੁ ਕਰੇਨਿ ॥
I join the society of those persons, and in so doing, I am honored in the Court of the Lord. While asleep, they chant, “”Waaho! Waaho!””, and while awake, they chant, “”Waaho!”” as well.

ਨਾਨਕ ਤੇ ਮੁਖ ਉਜਲੇ ਜਿ ਨਿਤ ਉਠਿ ਸੰਮਾਲੇਨਿ ॥੧॥
O Nanak, radiant are the faces of those, who rise up early each day, and dwell upon the Lord. ||1||

Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s Ardas is to stay always in remembrance (Yaad) of Waheguru further confirms that there is a way to reach out to Waheguru through Ardas and Remembrance of Waheguru:-

– ਨਾਨਕੁ ਏਕ ਕਰੈ ਅਰਦਾਸਿ ॥ ਵਿਸਰੁ ਨਾਹੀ ਪੂਰਨ ਗੁਣਤਾਸਿ ॥੪॥੧੮॥੨੪॥ (Raag Suhi M. 5, GGS. 782-4).
Nanak makes one prayer: May I never forget You, O perfect treasure of virtue. ||4||18||24||

The practice of remembering Divine name(s) has been in the tradition of Bhagats, Sidhs, Sadhs, Sants… as narrated by Bhagat Kabir Ji:-

– ਹਮ ਦੇਖਤ ਜਿਨਿ ਸਭੁ ਜਗੁ ਲੂਟਿਆ ॥ ਕਹੁ ਕਬੀਰ ਮੈ ਰਾਮ ਕਹਿ ਛੂਟਿਆ ॥੩॥੩੦॥(Raag Gauri Bhagat Kabir, GGS. 329-8).
Before my very eyes, Maya has plundered the entire world. Says Kabeer, chanting the Lord’s Name, I have escaped Maya. ||3||30||

– ਅਹਿਨਿਸਿ ਏਕ ਨਾਮ ਜੋ ਜਾਗੇ ॥ ਕੇਤਕ ਸਿਧ ਭਏ ਲਿਵ ਲਾਗੇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (Raag Gauri Guaarayree Bhagat Kabir, GGS. 330-13).
Those who are awake to the One Name, day and night- many of them have become Siddhas – perfect spiritual beings – with their consciousness attuned to the Lord. ||1||Pause||

ਸਾਧਕ ਸਿਧ ਸਗਲ ਮੁਨਿ ਹਾਰੇ ॥ ਏਕ ਨਾਮ ਕਲਿਪ ਤਰ ਤਾਰੇ ॥੧॥
The seekers, the Siddhas and the silent sages have all lost the game. The One Name is the wish-fulfilling Elysian Tree, which saves them and carries them across. ||1||

ਜੋ ਹਰਿ ਹਰੇ ਸੁ ਹੋਹਿ ਨ ਆਨਾ ॥ ਕਹਿ ਕਬੀਰ ਰਾਮ ਨਾਮ ਪਛਾਨਾ ॥੨॥੩੭॥
Those who are rejuvenated by the Lord, do not belong to any other. Says Kabeer, they realize the Name of the Lord. ||2||37||

Guru Ram Das Ji himself is a strong votary of remembering and calling the name of Satnam (Waheguru), which equipped him not to scum to worldly Maya:-

– ਜਪਿ ਮਨ ਸਤਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਸਦਾ ਸਤਿ ਨਾਮੁ ॥ ਹਲਤਿ ਪਲਤਿ ਮੁਖ ਊਜਲ ਹੋਈ ਹੈ ਨਿਤ ਧਿਆਈਐ ਹਰਿ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਨਿਰੰਜਨਾ ॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (Raag Dhanaasree M. 4, GGS. 670-1).
Chant, O my mind, the True Name, Sat Naam, the True Name. In this world, and in the world beyond, your face shall be radiant, by meditating continually on the immaculate Lord God. ||Pause||

ਜਹ ਹਰਿ ਸਿਮਰਨੁ ਭਇਆ ਤਹ ਉਪਾਧਿ ਗਤੁ ਕੀਨੀ ਵਡਭਾਗੀ ਹਰਿ ਜਪਨਾ ॥
Wherever anyone remembers the Lord in meditation, disaster runs away from that place. By great good fortune, we meditate on the Lord.

ਜਨ ਨਾਨਕ ਕਉ ਗੁਰਿ ਇਹ ਮਤਿ ਦੀਨੀ ਜਪਿ ਹਰਿ ਭਵਜਲੁ ਤਰਨਾ ॥੨॥੬॥੧੨॥
The Guru has blessed servant Nanak with this understanding, that by meditating on the Lord, we cross over the terrifying world-ocean. ||2||6||12||

The importance of remembering/calling Waheguru name is evaluated by Guru Arjan Dev Ji as a great act of Sadhna :-

– ਪ੍ਰਭ ਜੀ ਬਸਹਿ ਸਾਧ ਕੀ ਰਸਨਾ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 263-4).
God abides upon the tongues of His Saints.

The various spiritual Bhagats who were drenched with their Isht make no secret of importance of remembering Raam/Niranjan (Waheguru):-

-ਨਾਮਾ ਮਾਇਆ ਮੋਹਿਆ ਕਹੈ ਤਿਲੋਚਨੁ ਮੀਤ ॥ ਕਾਹੇ ਛੀਪਹੁ ਛਾਇਲੈ ਰਾਮ ਨ ਲਾਵਹੁ ਚੀਤੁ ॥੨੧੨॥ (Salok Bhagat Kabir, GGS. 1375-18).
Trilochan says, O Naam Dayv, Maya has enticed you, my friend. Why are you printing designs on these sheets, and not focusing your consciousness on the Lord? ||212||

ਨਾਮਾ ਕਹੈ ਤਿਲੋਚਨਾ ਮੁਖ ਤੇ ਰਾਮੁ ਸੰਮ੍ਹ੍ਹਾਲਿ ॥ ਹਾਥ ਪਾਉ ਕਰਿ ਕਾਮੁ ਸਭੁ ਚੀਤੁ ਨਿਰੰਜਨ ਨਾਲਿ ॥੨੧੩॥
Naam Dayv answers, O Trilochan, chant the Lord’s Name with your mouth. With your hands and feet, do all your work, but let your consciousness remain with the Immaculate Lord. ||213||

Kabir Ji goes on to suggest that calling out/remembering Waheguru is profitable business, which will eventually bring dividends by awakening Divine wisdom in attracting Divine Virtues :-

ਕਬੀਰ ਕੇਸੋ ਕੇਸੋ ਕੂਕੀਐ ਨ ਸੋਈਐ ਅਸਾਰ ॥ (Salok Bhagat Kabir, GGS. 1376-11).
Kabeer, chant the Name of the Beautifully-haired Lord; do not sleep unaware.

ਰਾਤਿ ਦਿਵਸ ਕੇ ਕੂਕਨੇ ਕਬਹੂ ਕੇ ਸੁਨੈ ਪੁਕਾਰ ॥੨੨੩॥
Chanting His Name night and day, the Lord will eventually hear your call. ||223||

Finally, I conclude by quoting from Sukhmani Sahib the following enlightening Tuk on this subject:-

ਹਰਿ ਸਿਮਰਨ ਮਹਿ ਆਪਿ ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰਾ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 263-18).
Where there is remembrance of Waheguru without duality and trust and faith, Waheguru will be present there.

Kirpal Singh
Wellington, New Zealand