Attracting Divine Virtues by Waheguru Naam Japna

Some people say that “No Guru has advocated chanting the word Vahiguru. Naam is the edict/guide for leading life”. And they often relate Divine Virtues and Hukam as Naam.

While I accept the importance of Divine – Virtues and Hukam but my quarrel is that the “Appreciation of Divine Virtues and Hukam” belong only to the enlightened class of human beings. What about those like me who are struggling to come to grip with the “Divine Virtues and Hukam” of the Beant Akalpurakh? What about those who are not so enlightened or even for the children who have no clue to “Divine Virtues and Hukam” as such except those enlightened of the like Guru Harkrishan Sahib?

In my case at a very young age I started reciting Waheguru, Waheguru……on the influence of my mother and the Dharmak lessons at my Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Khalsa School, Delhi. I used to walk to my school and back home reciting Waheguru on the way. One day my attention stuck on the following promises in Gurbani that led me in later years to a more focussed Gurmat searching endeavours in Gurbani:-

1. ਤਿਥੈ ਤੂ ਸਮਰਥੁ ਜਿਥੈ ਕੋਇ ਨਾਹਿ ॥ ਓਥੈ ਤੇਰੀ ਰਖ ਅਗਨੀ ਉਦਰ ਮਾਹਿ ॥ (Raag Raamkali M. 5, GGS. 962-1).
Thithhai Thoo Samarathh Jithhai Koe Naahi || Outhhai Thaeree Rakh Aganee Oudhar Maahi ||
Where You are, Almighty Lord, there is no one else. There, in the fire of the mother’s womb, You protected us.

2. ਸੁਣਿ ਕੈ ਜਮ ਕੇ ਦੂਤ ਨਾਇ ਤੇਰੈ ਛਡਿ ਜਾਹਿ ॥ ਭਉਜਲੁ ਬਿਖਮੁ ਅਸਗਾਹੁ ਗੁਰ ਸਬਦੀ ਪਾਰਿ ਪਾਹਿ ॥
Sun Kai Jam Kae Dhooth Naae Thaerai Shhadd Jaahi || Bhoujal Bikham Asagaahu Gur Sabadhee Paar Paahi ||
Hearing Your Name, the Messenger of Death runs away The terrifying, treacherous, impassible world-ocean is crossed over, through the Word of the Guru’s Shabad.

3. ਜਿਨ ਕਉ ਲਗੀ ਪਿਆਸ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤੁ ਸੇਇ ਖਾਹਿ ॥ ਕਲਿ ਮਹਿ ਏਹੋ ਪੁੰਨੁ ਗੁਣ ਗੋਵਿੰਦ ਗਾਹਿ ॥
Jin Ko Lagee Piaas Anmrith Saee Khaahi || Kal Mehi Eaeho Punn Gun Govindh Gaahi ||
Those who feel thirst for You, take in Your Ambrosial Nectar. This is the only act of goodness in this Dark Age of Kali Yuga, to sing the Glorious Praises of the Lord of the Universe.

4. ਸਭਸੈ ਨੋ ਕਿਰਪਾਲੁ ਸਮ੍ਹ੍ਹਾਲੇ ਸਾਹਿ ਸਾਹਿ ॥ ਬਿਰਥਾ ਕੋਇ ਨ ਜਾਇ ਜਿ ਆਵੈ ਤੁਧੁ ਆਹਿ ॥੯॥
Sabhasai No Kirapaal Samhaalae Saahi Saahi || Birathhaa Koe N Jaae J Aavai Thudhh Aahi ||9||
He is Merciful to all; He sustains us with each and every breath. Those who come to You with love and faith are never turned away empty-handed. ||9||

On the blessings of Waheguru, the above 4 core messages impacted my mind at young age and that led me into a serious contemplative effort to explore Gurbani knowing that He has been there for me before I was born and shall be there in entire life (ਤਿਥੈ ਤੂ ਸਮਰਥੁ ਜਿਥੈ ਕੋਇ ਨਾਹਿ ॥ ਓਥੈ ਤੇਰੀ ਰਖ ਅਗਨੀ ਉਦਰ ਮਾਹਿ).

I started realizing that the Spiritual journey of a Sikh though starts with Waheguru Jaap and Nit-nem of Gurbani but the process is long and tedious. Waheguru Jaap and Gurbani do lead one on this path. However, the Kipa/Nadr/Bakshish/Gurparsad/Grace of Waheguru bridges the gap.

Gurbani guides us that the main aim in our life is seeking salvation and the process commences before even our birth :-

ਭਈ ਪਰਾਪਤਿ ਮਾਨੁਖ ਦੇਹੁਰੀਆ ॥ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਮਿਲਣ ਕੀ ਇਹ ਤੇਰੀ ਬਰੀਆ ॥ (Raag Asa M. 5, GGS. 378-1) – Repeated twice in GGS.
Bhee Paraapath Maanukh Dhaehureeaa || Gobindh Milan Kee Eih Thaeree Bareeaa ||
You have been blessed with this human body. This is your chance to meet the Lord of the Universe.

ਅਵਰਿ ਕਾਜ ਤੇਰੈ ਕਿਤੈ ਨ ਕਾਮ ॥ ਮਿਲੁ ਸਾਧਸੰਗਤਿ ਭਜੁ ਕੇਵਲ ਨਾਮ ॥੧॥
Avar Kaaj Thaerai Kithai N Kaam || Mil Saadhhasangath Bhaj Kaeval Naam ||1||
Other efforts are of no use to you. Joining the Saadh Sangat, the Company of the Holy, vibrate and meditate on the Naam, the Name of the Lord. ||1||

The life goal can be met in two ways i. e by understanding and inculcating 1. Divine Virtues and obeying Divine Hukam and 2. And/or by praising Akalpurak. To praise Waheguru is beyond humans. We can only say our humble praise by saying/uttering Wah Guru (Waheguru, Waheguru…..) only:-:-

– ਸਬਦੁ ਬੀਚਾਰਿ ਭਏ ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰੀ ॥ ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਜਾਗੇ ਦੁਰਮਤਿ ਪਰਹਾਰੀ ॥ (Raag Raamkalee, M. 1, GGS 904).
sabadh beechaar bheae nirankaaree || guramath jaagae dhuramath parehaaree ||
Contemplating the Shabad, we become Nirankaari – we come to belong to the Formless Lord God. awakening to the Guru’s Teachings, evil-mindedness is taken away.

– ਹੁਕਮਿ ਮੰਨਿਐ ਹੋਵੈ ਪਰਵਾਣੁ ਤਾ ਖਸਮੈ ਕਾ ਮਹਲੁ ਪਾਇਸੀ॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 471-13).
Hukam Manniai Hovai Paravaan Thaa Khasamai Kaa Mehal Paaeisee ||
Obeying the Order of His Will, he becomes acceptable, and then, he obtains the Mansion of the Lord’s Presence.

– ਪ੍ਰਭ ਮਿਲਣੈ ਕੀ ਏਹ ਨੀਸਾਣੀ ॥ ਮਨਿ ਇਕੋ ਸਚਾ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਪਛਾਣੀ ॥ (Raag Maajh, M. 5, GGS 106).
prabh milanai kee eaeh neesaanee ||man eiko sachaa hukam pashhaanee ||
This is the sign of union with God: in the mind, the Command of the True Lord is recognized.

ਵਡਿਆਈ ਵਡਾ ਪਾਇਆ ॥੭॥ (Raag Asa M. 2, GGS. 467-3).
Vaddiaaee Vaddaa Paaeiaa ||7||
By praising His greatness, the Great Lord is obtained. ||7||

– ਸਤਸੰਗਤਿ ਕੈਸੀ ਜਾਣੀਐ ॥ ਜਿਥੈ ਏਕੋ ਨਾਮੁ ਵਖਾਣੀਐ ॥(Raag Sriraag, M. 1, GGS 72).
sathasangath kaisee jaaneeai ||jithhai eaeko naam vakhaaneeai ||
How is the Society of the Saints to be known. There, the Name of the One Lord is chanted

– ਜਿਨ੍ਹ੍ਹਾ ਨ ਵਿਸਰੈ ਨਾਮੁ ਸੇ ਕਿਨੇਹਿਆ ॥ ਭੇਦੁ ਨ ਜਾਣਹੁ ਮੂਲਿ ਸਾਂਈ ਜੇਹਿਆ ॥੧॥(Raag Aasaa, M. 5, GGS 397).
jinhaa n visarai naam sae kinaehiaa ||bhaedh n jaanahu mool saanee jaehiaa ||1||
What are they like – those who do not forget the Naam, the Name of the Lord? Know that there is absolutely no difference; they are exactly like the Lord. ||1||

There is need for us to make room for ‘ਗੋਵਿੰਦੁ ਧਿਆਵੈ’ – based on developing a devotional equation with Waheguru irrespective of one’s academic qualifications.

ਜੋ ਪ੍ਰਾਣੀ ਗੋਵਿੰਦੁ ਧਿਆਵੈ ॥ ਪੜਿਆ ਅਣਪੜਿਆ ਪਰਮ ਗਤਿ ਪਾਵੈ ॥੧॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 197)
jo praanee govindh dhhiaavai ||parriaa anaparriaa param gath paavai ||1||
The mortal whether educated or uneducated who meditates on the Govind/Waheguru/Hari, obtains the Supreme Dignity.

A feeling of virtual presence of Guru Ji by one’s side keeps hammering the need for a daily resolve of seriously contemplating on Gurbani to attract Gurparsad in order to grasp the Divine essence of Gurbani (TAT):-

ਸੋਧਤ ਸੋਧਤ ਸੋਧਤ ਸੀਝਿਆ ॥ ਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ਤਤੁ ਸਭੁ ਬੂਝਿਆ ॥ (Raag Gaurhee Sukhmanee, M. 5, GGS 281).
sodhhath sodhhath sodhhath seejhiaa ||gur prasaadh thath sabh boojhiaa ||
Searching, searching, searching, and finally, success! By Guru’s Grace, the essence of all reality is understood.

What is now the ‘TAT’ (Divine Sohjee)? – which is proclaimed as the only divine force in Guru Granth Sahib -‘Nanak ke ghar kewal Naam’ that Guru Nanak Sahib trusts as the greatest force that serves him as his life support.

ਤੇਰਾ ਏਕੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਤਾਰੇ ਸੰਸਾਰੁ ॥ ਮੈ ਏਹਾ ਆਸ ਏਹੋ ਆਧਾਰੁ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ (Sriraag, M. 1, GGS 24).
thaeraa eaek naam thaarae sansaar ||mai eaehaa aas eaeho aadhhaar ||1|| rehaao ||
Your Name alone, Lord, saves the world. This is my hope; this is my support. ||1||Pause||

Following Guru Ji’s advice that ‘ ਗੁਰੁ ਪਰਮੇਸਰੁ ਏਕੋ ਜਾਣੁ’. If Guru and Parmeshar are same that it would be easier for me to first befriend the Guru to know the secrets of knowing and reaching Waheguru. The Guru translates the necessity of Divine Connectivity all the time to leading to Divine Pargas.

ਆਠ ਪਹਰ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਪੇਖਹੁ ਨੇਰਾ ॥ ਮਿਟੈ ਅਗਿਆਨੁ ਬਿਨਸੈ ਅੰਧੇਰਾ ॥(Raag Gauri Sukhmanee Guru Arjan Dev, GGS. 293)
aath pehar prabh paekhahu naeraa ||mittai agiaan binasai andhhaeraa ||
Behold God near at hand, twenty-four hours a day. Ignorance shall depart, and darkness shall be dispelled.

This brings one in the realm of Saram Khand or Lavaan #2. The trend of further Spiritual growth can be extrapolated.

The next step has a waiting period when to get divine inspiration to speak and write as Waheguru directs:-

ਅਗਮ ਅਗੋਚਰੁ ਸਚੁ ਸਾਹਿਬੁ ਮੇਰਾ ॥ਨਾਨਕੁ ਬੋਲੈ ਬੋਲਾਇਆ ਤੇਰਾ ॥੪॥੨੩॥੨੯॥ (Raag Suhi M. 5, GGS. 743-4).
Agam Agochar Sach Saahib Maeraa ||Naanak Bolai Bolaaeiaa Thaeraa
You are inaccessible and unfathomable, O my True Lord and Master Nanak speaks as You inspire him to speak. ||

Following the above, a Sikh of Guru moves to the glorious step when a Sikh experiences like Kabir Ji that Waheguru is not only Ang-Sang but also follows him/her:-

ਕਬੀਰ ਤੂੰ ਤੂੰ ਕਰਤਾ ਤੂ ਹੂਆ ਮੁਝ ਮਹਿ ਰਹਾ ਨ ਹੂੰ ॥ (Salok Bhagat Kabir, GGS. 1375-10)
Kabeer Thoon Thoon Karathaa Thoo Hooaa Mujh Mehi Rehaa N Hoon ||
Kabeer, repeating, “”You, You””, I have become like You. Nothing of me remains in myself.

ਜਬ ਆਪਾ ਪਰ ਕਾ ਮਿਟਿ ਗਇਆ ਜਤ ਦੇਖਉ ਤਤ ਤੂ ॥੨੦੪॥
Jab Aapaa Par Kaa Mitt Gaeiaa Jath Dhaekho Thath Thoo ||204||
When the difference between myself and others is removed, then wherever I look, I see only You. ||204||

When the Waheguru Jaap reaches its peak, the result is the Sehaj Awastha enjoyed by Bhagat Kabir Ji:-

ਕਬੀਰ ਮਨੁ ਨਿਰਮਲੁ ਭਇਆ ਜੈਸਾ ਗੰਗਾ ਨੀਰੁ ॥ ਪਾਛੈ ਲਾਗੋ ਹਰਿ ਫਿਰੈ ਕਹਤ ਕਬੀਰ ਕਬੀਰ ॥੫੫॥ (Salok Bhagat Kabir, GGS. 1367-7).
Kabeer Man Niramal Bhaeiaa Jaisaa Gangaa Neer ||Paashhai Laago Har Firai Kehath Kabeer Kabeer ||55||
Kabeer, my mind has become immaculate, like the waters of the Ganges. The Lord follows after me, calling, “”Kabeer! Kabeer!””||55||

I realize that the Sikh ‘Spiritual Journey’ starts with Waheguru Jaap (even in mother’s womb) followed by reciting and contemplating on Nit-nem of Gurbani to meet a Guru in Parthak form (virtually present ang-sang) and then move along with the Guru firmly in order to know the Guru’s GURU (Waheguru) intimately with love, devotion and utmost humility (total loss of personal ego). This follows leading in to a magnetic Divine relationship in equilibrium with equal pull as experienced by Kabir Ji – an ultimate aim of a Sikh.

ਜਪਹੁ ਤ ਏਕੋ ਨਾਮਾ ॥ ਅਵਰਿ ਨਿਰਾਫਲ ਕਾਮਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥(Raag Suhi M. 1, GGS. 728-5)

Japahu Th Eaeko Naamaa ||Avar Niraafal Kaamaa ||1|| Rehaao ||

Chant the Name of the One Lord. All other actions are fruitless. ||1||Pause||

Jaap of Ik Onkar/Waheguru/Hari/Satnam/Kartar/Ram……..(choice is yours) is a stepping stone on Gurmat Path.

References: All Gurbani quotes are from Guru Granth Sahib with the page nos as indicated.

Kirpal Singh
Wellington, New Zealand

kirpal2singh@yahoo.com

Guru Nanak Dev JI’s Core Message for the Humanity

Guru Ji’s core message embraces three fundamental pillars for a meaningful life, such as 1. Naam Japo 2. Kirat Karo and 3. Vand Chacko.

Guru Ji gives priority to Naam Japna because Naam leads to a spiritual awareness necessary for a right choice of a profession (Kirat) that also enables a person to render Seva (Vand Chakna) not only in financial sense but more importantly becoming enlightened to be able to share one’s spiritual understanding (Gurmat) with others.

Keeping in view the importance of Naam Japna, Guru Ji alerts us:-

ਜਪਹੁ ਤ ਏਕੋ ਨਾਮਾ ॥ ਅਵਰਿ ਨਿਰਾਫਲ ਕਾਮਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (Raag Suhi M. 1, GGS. 728-5).
Japahu Th Eaeko Naamaa || Avar Niraafal Kaamaa ||1|| Rehaao ||
Chant the Name of the One Lord. All other actions are fruitless. ||1||Pause||

Naam Japna leads to living in the presence of (Ik Oankar,ੴ ) Akalpurak with full faith and trust so as to embrace divine qualities as per the advice of Guru Nanak Dev Ji:-

– ਜੈਸਾ ਸੇਵੈ ਤੈਸੋ ਹੋਇ ॥੪॥ ਨਰ ਨਿਹਕੇਵਲ ਨਿਰਭਉ ਨਾਉ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 1, GGS. 223-19).
Jaisaa Saevai Thaiso Hoe ||4|| Nar Nihakaeval Nirabho Naao ||
They become just like the One they serve. ||4|| The Name makes a man pure and fearless.

– ਜਿਨਿ ਜਾਤਾ ਸੋ ਤਿਸ ਹੀ ਜੇਹਾ ॥ ਅਤਿ ਨਿਰਮਾਇਲੁ ਸੀਝਸਿ ਦੇਹਾ ॥ (Raag Raamkali Dakhni M. 1, GGS. 931-3).
Jin Jaathaa So This Hee Jaehaa || Ath Niramaaeil Seejhas Dhaehaa ||
One who knows the Lord, becomes like Him. He becomes absolutely immaculate, and his body is sanctified.

ਰਹਸੀ ਰਾਮੁ ਰਿਦੈ ਇਕ ਭਾਇ ॥ ਅੰਤਰਿ ਸਬਦੁ ਸਾਚਿ ਲਿਵ ਲਾਇ ॥੧੦॥
Rehasee Raam Ridhai Eik Bhaae || Anthar Sabadh Saach Liv Laae ||10||
His heart is happy, in love with the One Lord.He lovingly centers his attention deep within upon the True Word of the Sbad. ||10||

So obviously on gaining spiritual strength, one is in a better position to find a right and appropriate profession, which helps one to sustain in one’s life as well as keeps the blissful Divine Union in place to draw the necessary guidance and strength needed to walk on Gurmat Path in daily life by studying Gurmat /Gur-Sabd (‘spiritual gian’) through an acquired degree of appropriate literacy (e. g. for a Sikh a knowledge of Gurmukhi helps a great deal in appreciating Gurmat).

In order to remain steady on Spiritual Path, one needs to be a literate, hardworking and ready to share one’s possession (be it be financial and/or spiritual wealth) with discern with the needy:-

– ਘਾਲਿ ਖਾਇ ਕਿਛੁ ਹਥਹੁ ਦੇਇ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਰਾਹੁ ਪਛਾਣਹਿ ਸੇਇ ॥੧॥ (Raag Sarang M. 1, GGS. 1245-19).
Ghaal Khaae Kishh Hathhahu Dhaee || Naanak Raahu Pashhaanehi Saee ||1||
One who works for Spiritual Awastha, and shares of what he has obtained to others – O Nanak, he knows the Path. ||1||

– ਵਿਚਿ ਦੁਨੀਆ ਸੇਵ ਕਮਾਈਐ ॥ ਤਾ ਦਰਗਹ ਬੈਸਣੁ ਪਾਈਐ ॥ (Sri Raag M. 1, GGS. 26-1).
Vich Dhuneeaa Saev Kamaaeeai || Thaa Dharageh Baisan Paaeeai ||
In the midst of this world, do seva, And you shall be given a place of honor in the Court of the Lord.

In a nutshell, ‘Naam Japo’/Gurmat Vichaar/Contemplation on Gurbani leads to right ‘Kirat’ and appropriate spirit of ‘Vand Chakna’. These pillars are interrelated and as such lead to 100% literacy; 100% employment followed by Seva/Service for others (sharing of both monetary and Spiritual Wealth) and bring solace in one’s life.

Kirpal Singh

Wellington, New Zealand
kirpal2singh@yahoo.com

Many Facets of Guru Nanak Dev Ji

Part I: Personality of Guru Nanak Sahib

Guru Nanak Sahib was a Rabbi Jot/ Sargun Saroop of Akalpurakh. His Updesh in his entire Bani especially in Jap Ji Sahib, Asa Di Vaar and Sidh Gosht is exemplary.
Guru Nanak Dev Ji was not just a spiritual and profound thinker but a social reformer. He challenged all superstitions and rituals, which were prevalent in his lifetime. His Bani enlightens us of the kind of socio-cultural regeneration he brought about in his lifetime. Guru Ji presents a model of ‘Spiritual Chamatkar’.

Guru Ji unveils his Spiritual stature by giving a glimpse of his profound association with his Khasam (God/Akalpurakh) in the following verses:-

1. ਤੂੰ ਸਾਹਿਬੁ ਹਉ ਸਾਂਗੀ ਤੇਰਾ ਪ੍ਰਣਵੈ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਜਾਤਿ ਕੈਸੀ ॥੪॥੧॥੩੩॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 358-17)
Thoon Saahib Ho Saangee Thaeraa Pranavai Naanak Jaath Kaisee ||4||1||33||
You are the Lord Master, I am just Your puppet. Prays Nanak, what is my social status to be? ||4||1||33||
2. ਹਉ ਢਾਢੀ ਵੇਕਾਰੁ ਕਾਰੈ ਲਾਇਆ ॥ (Raag Maajh M. 1, GGS. 150-16).
Ho Dtaadtee Vaekaar Kaarai Laaeiaa ||
I was a minstrel, out of work, when the Lord took me into His service..
ਰਾਤਿ ਦਿਹੈ ਕੈ ਵਾਰ ਧੁਰਹੁ ਫੁਰਮਾਇਆ ॥
Raath Dhihai Kai Vaar Dhhurahu Furamaaeiaa ||
To sing His Praises day and night, He gave me His Order, right from the start.
ਢਾਢੀ ਸਚੈ ਮਹਲਿ ਖਸਮਿ ਬੁਲਾਇਆ ॥
Dtaadtee Sachai Mehal Khasam Bulaaeiaa ||
My Lord and Master has summoned me, His minstrel, to the True Mansion of His Presence.
ਸਚੀ ਸਿਫਤਿ ਸਾਲਾਹ ਕਪੜਾ ਪਾਇਆ ॥
Sachee Sifath Saalaah Kaparraa Paaeiaa ||
He has dressed me in the robes of His True Praise and Glory.
ਸਚਾ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਨਾਮੁ ਭੋਜਨੁ ਆਇਆ ॥
Sachaa Anmrith Naam Bhojan Aaeiaa ||
The Ambrosial Nectar of the True Name has become my food.
ਗੁਰਮਤੀ ਖਾਧਾ ਰਜਿ ਤਿਨਿ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਇਆ ॥
Guramathee Khaadhhaa Raj Thin Sukh Paaeiaa ||
Those who follow the Guru’s Teachings, who eat this food and are satisfied, find peace.
ਢਾਢੀ ਕਰੇ ਪਸਾਉ ਸਬਦੁ ਵਜਾਇਆ ॥
Dtaadtee Karae Pasaao Sabadh Vajaaeiaa ||
His minstrel spreads His Glory, singing and vibrating the Word of His Shabad.
ਨਾਨਕ ਸਚੁ ਸਾਲਾਹਿ ਪੂਰਾ ਪਾਇਆ ॥੨੭॥ ਸੁਧੁ
Naanak Sach Saalaahi Pooraa Paaeiaa ||27|| Sudhhu
O Nanak, praising the True Lord, I have obtained His Perfection. ||27||Sudh||

Guru Ji without making any personal claim clearly proclaims the source of his enlightenment in the following verse:-

– ਜੈਸੀ ਮੈ ਆਵੈ ਖਸਮ ਕੀ ਬਾਣੀ ਤੈਸੜਾ ਕਰੀ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਵੇ ਲਾਲੋ ॥ (Raag Tilang M. 1, GGS. 722-16).
Jaisee Mai Aavai Khasam Kee Baanee Thaisarraa Karee Giaan Vae Laalo ||
As the Word of the Forgiving Lord comes to me, so do I express it, O Lalo.
Guru Nanak shows his gratitude to One GOD:-

-ਬਲਿਹਾਰੀ ਗੁਰ ਆਪਣੇ ਦਿਉਹਾੜੀ ਸਦ ਵਾਰ ॥ (Raag Asa, Guru Nanak, GGS. 462-19).
Balihaaree Gur Aapanae Dhiouhaarree Sadh Vaar ||
A hundred times a day, I am a sacrifice to my Guru;
ਜਿਨਿ ਮਾਣਸ ਤੇ ਦੇਵਤੇ ਕੀਏ ਕਰਤ ਨ ਲਾਗੀ ਵਾਰ ॥੧॥
Jin Maanas Thae Dhaevathae Keeeae Karath N Laagee Vaar ||1||
He made angels out of men, without delay. ||1||

One God of Guru Nanak is defined as IK OANKAR in the opening verse of Jap Ji Sahib:-

ੴ ਸਤਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਕਰਤਾ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਨਿਰਭਉ ਨਿਰਵੈਰੁ ਅਕਾਲ ਮੂਰਤਿ ਅਜੂਨੀ ਸੈਭੰ ਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ॥ (Jap Ji Sahib, Guru Nanak, GGS. 1-1).f-Existent. By Guru’s Grace.

Ikoankaar Sathnaam Karathaa Purakh Nirabho Niravair Akaal Moorath Ajoonee Saibhan Gurprasaadh||
One Universal Creator God, TheName Is Truth Creative Being Personified No Fear No Hatred Image Of The Undying, Beyond Birth, Sel

On the ONENESS of God, Guru Nanak Sahib further proclaims loudly:-

– ਸਾਹਿਬੁ ਮੇਰਾ ਏਕੋ ਹੈ ॥ ਏਕੋ ਹੈ ਭਾਈ ਏਕੋ ਹੈ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 350-4).
My Lord is one and only One.
– ਕਰਿ ਕਿਰਪਾ ਮੇਰਾ ਚਿਤੁ ਲਾਇਆ ॥ ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਮੋ ਕਉ ਏਕੁ ਬੁਝਾਇਆ ॥੫॥ (Raag Gauri, Guru Nanak Dev, GGS. 223-6).
Sathigur Mo Ko Eaek Bujhaaeiaa ||5||
The True Guru has led me to understand the One Lord. ||5||
ਏਕੁ ਨਿਰੰਜਨੁ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਜਾਤਾ ॥
Eaek Niranjan Guramukh Jaathaa ||
The Gurmukh knows the One Immaculate Lord.
ਦੂਜਾ ਮਾਰਿ ਸਬਦਿ ਪਛਾਤਾ ॥੬॥
Dhoojaa Maar Sabadh Pashhaathaa ||6||
Subduing duality, one comes to realize the Word of the Shabad. ||6||
ਏਕੋ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਵਰਤੈ ਸਭ ਲੋਈ ॥
Eaeko Hukam Varathai Sabh Loee ||
The Command of the One Lord prevails throughout all the worlds.
ਏਕਸੁ ਤੇ ਸਭ ਓਪਤਿ ਹੋਈ ॥੭॥
Eaekas Thae Sabh Oupath Hoee ||7||
From the One, all have arisen. ||7||
ਰਾਹ ਦੋਵੈ ਖਸਮੁ ਏਕੋ ਜਾਣੁ ॥
Raah Dhovai Khasam Eaeko Jaan ||
There are two routes, but remember that their Lord and Master is only One.
ਗੁਰ ਕੈ ਸਬਦਿ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਪਛਾਣੁ ॥੮॥
Gur Kai Sabadh Hukam Pashhaan ||8||
Through the Word of the Guru’s Shabad, recognize the Hukam of the Lord’s Command. ||8||
ਸਗਲ ਰੂਪ ਵਰਨ ਮਨ ਮਾਹੀ ॥
Sagal Roop Varan Man Maahee ||
He is contained in all forms, colors and minds.
ਕਹੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਏਕੋ ਸਾਲਾਹੀ ॥੯॥੫॥
Kahu Naanak Eaeko Saalaahee ||9||5||
Says Nanak, praise the One Lord.. ||9||5||

In Jap Ji Sahib, Guru Nanak Sahib brings a Spiritual Revolution:-

1. In defining Ik Oankar – ੴ
2. Foundation of Science of Psychology – ਮਨਿ ਜੀਤੈ ਜਗੁ ਜੀਤੁ ॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS. 6-17).
Man Jeethai Jag Jeeth ||
Conquer your own mind, and conquer the world.
3. ਗੁਰਾ ਇਕ ਦੇਹਿ ਬੁਝਾਈ ॥ ਸਭਨਾ ਜੀਆ ਕਾ ਇਕੁ ਦਾਤਾ ਸੋ ਮੈ ਵਿਸਰਿ ਨ ਜਾਈ ॥੬॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS. 2-12).
There is only the One, the Giver of all souls. May I never forget Him! ||6||
4. Unraveling of 5 Khands i. e. Steps of Spiritual Elevation – (Dharm-, Gian-, Saram-, Karam-, and Sach Khand):-

ਗਿਆਨ ਖੰਡ ਮਹਿ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਪਰਚੰਡੁ ॥ ਤਿਥੈ ਨਾਦ ਬਿਨੋਦ ਕੋਡ ਅਨੰਦੁ ॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS. 7-19).
In the realm of wisdom, spiritual wisdom reigns supreme. The Sound-current of the Naad vibrates there, amidst the sounds and the sights of bliss.

Guru Nanak Sahib gives full credit to Divine Nadr/Gurparsad (Grace) for his emancipation:-

ਜਿਨ ਕਉ ਨਦਰਿ ਕਰਮੁ ਤਿਨ ਕਾਰ ॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS. 8-9).
Jin Ko Nadhar Karam Thin Kaar ||
Such is the karma of those upon whom He has cast His Glance of Grace.
ਨਾਨਕ ਨਦਰੀ ਨਦਰਿ ਨਿਹਾਲ ॥੩੮॥
Naanak Nadharee Nadhar Nihaal ||38||
O Nanak, the Merciful Lord, by His Grace, uplifts and exalts them. ||38||

The above Gurbani quotes point out that Guru Nanak Sahib enjoyed the grace/kirpa of Akalpurakh. As a result he was (Ik-Mik/ Sito-Sita) with God/Waheguru . Guru Nanank Sahib describes this awastha in Jap Ji Sahib:-

ਕਰਮ ਖੰਡ ਕੀ ਬਾਣੀ ਜੋਰੁ ॥ ਤਿਥੈ ਹੋਰੁ ਨ ਕੋਈ ਹੋਰੁ ॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS. 8-3).
Karam Khandd Kee Baanee Jor || Thithhai Hor N Koee Hor ||
In the realm of karma, the Word is Power.. No one else dwells there,

ਤਿਥੈ ਜੋਧ ਮਹਾਬਲ ਸੂਰ ॥ ਤਿਨ ਮਹਿ ਰਾਮੁ ਰਹਿਆ ਭਰਪੂਰ ॥
Thithhai Jodhh Mehaabal Soor || Thin Mehi Raam Rehiaa Bharapoor ||
Except the warriors of great power, the spiritual heroes. They are totally fulfilled, imbued with the Lord’s Essence.

ਤਿਥੈ ਸੀਤੋ ਸੀਤਾ ਮਹਿਮਾ ਮਾਹਿ ॥ ਤਾ ਕੇ ਰੂਪ ਨ ਕਥਨੇ ਜਾਹਿ ॥
Thithhai Seetho Seethaa Mehimaa Maahi || Thaa Kae Roop N Kathhanae Jaahi ||
Myriads of Sitas are there, cool and calm in their majestic glory. Their beauty cannot be described.

ਨਾ ਓਹਿ ਮਰਹਿ ਨ ਠਾਗੇ ਜਾਹਿ ॥ ਜਿਨ ਕੈ ਰਾਮੁ ਵਸੈ ਮਨ ਮਾਹਿ ॥
Naa Ouhi Marehi N Thaagae Jaahi || Jin Kai Raam Vasai Man Maahi ||
Neither death nor deception comes to those, Within whose minds the Lord abides.

ਤਿਥੈ ਭਗਤ ਵਸਹਿ ਕੇ ਲੋਅ ॥ ਕਰਹਿ ਅਨੰਦੁ ਸਚਾ ਮਨਿ ਸੋਇ ॥
Thithhai Bhagath Vasehi Kae Loa || Karehi Anandh Sachaa Man Soe ||
The devotees of many worlds dwell there. They celebrate; their minds are imbued with the True Lord.

Guru Amar Das Ji endorses Anand Awastha of Guru Nanak Sahib in the opening verse of Anand Sahib:-

ਅਨੰਦੁ ਭਇਆ ਮੇਰੀ ਮਾਏ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ ਮੈ ਪਾਇਆ॥ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਤ ਪਾਇਆ ਸਹਜ ਸੇਤੀ ਮਨਿ ਵਜੀਆ ਵਾਧਾਈਆ॥ (Raag Raamkali M. 3, GGS. 917-2).
Anandh Bhaeiaa Maeree Maaeae Sathiguroo Mai Paaeiaa ||Sathigur Th Paaeiaa Sehaj Saethee Man Vajeeaa Vaadhhaaeeaa ||
I am in ecstasy, O my mother, for I have found my True Guru. I have found the True Guru, with intuitive ease, and my mind vibrates with the music of bliss.

The blissful personality of Guru Nanak Sahib is elaborated Guru Arjan Dev Ji Bhai Gurdas Ji and Bhatt Kirat Ji, Guru Teg Bahadur Ji and Bhai Gurdas Ji:-

– ਸਭ ਤੇ ਵਡਾ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਜਿਨਿ ਕਲ ਰਾਖੀ ਮੇਰੀ ॥੪॥੧੦॥੫੭॥ (Raag Suhi M. 5, GGS. 750-4).
Sabh Thae Vaddaa Sathigur Naanak Jin Kal Raakhee Maeree ||4||10||57||
Guru Nanak is the greatest of all; He saved my honor in this Dark Age of Kali Yuga. ||4||10||57||
– ਜਨਮ ਮਰਣ ਦੁਹਹੂ ਮਹਿ ਨਾਹੀ ਜਨ ਪਰਉਪਕਾਰੀ ਆਏ ॥ (Raag Suhi M. 5, GGS.. 749-3).
Janam Maran Dhuhehoo Mehi Naahee Jan Paroupakaaree Aaeae ||
Those generous, humble beings are above both birth and death..
ਜੀਅ ਦਾਨੁ ਦੇ ਭਗਤੀ ਲਾਇਨਿ ਹਰਿ ਸਿਉ ਲੈਨਿ ਮਿਲਾਏ ॥੨॥
Jeea Dhaan Dhae Bhagathee Laaein Har Sio Lain Milaaeae ||2||
They give the gift of the soul, and practice devotional worship; they inspire others to meet the Lord. ||2||
– ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਮਹਿ ਜਨੁ ਜਨ ਮਹਿ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮੁ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 287-3).
Breham Mehi Jan Jan Mehi Paarabreham ||
The servant is in God, and God is in the servant.
ਏਕਹਿ ਆਪਿ ਨਹੀ ਕਛੁ ਭਰਮੁ ॥
Eaekehi Aap Nehee Kashh Bharam ||
He Himself is One – there is no doubt about this.
– ਸਤਿ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਜਿਨਿ ਜਾਨਿਆ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਤਿਸ ਕਾ ਨਾਉ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 286-12).
Sath Purakh Jin Jaaniaa Sathigur This Kaa Naao ||
The one who knows the True Lord God, is called the True Guru.
ਤਿਸ ਕੈ ਸੰਗਿ ਸਿਖੁ ਉਧਰੈ ਨਾਨਕ ਹਰਿ ਗੁਨ ਗਾਉ ॥੧॥
This Kai Sang Sikh Oudhharai Naanak Har Gun Gaao ||1||
In His Company, the Sikh is saved, O Nanak, singing the Glorious Praises of the Lord. ||1||
– ਨਿਰਗੁਨੁ ਆਪਿ ਸਰਗੁਨੁ ਭੀ ਓਹੀ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 287-17).
Niragun Aap Saragun Bhee Ouhee ||
He Himself is absolute and unrelated; He Himself is also involved and related.
ਕਲਾ ਧਾਰਿ ਜਿਨਿ ਸਗਲੀ ਮੋਹੀ ॥
Kalaa Dhhaar Jin Sagalee Mohee ||
Manifesting His power, He fascinates the entire world.
-. ਗੁਰੁ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਮਿਲਿਆ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮੁ ਤੇਰਿਆ ਚਰਣਾ ਕਉ ਬਲਿਹਾਰਾ ॥੪॥੧॥੪੭॥ (Raag Suhi M. 5, GGS. 747-2).
Gur Naanak Miliaa Paarabreham Thaeriaa Charanaa Ko Balihaaraa ||4||1||47||
Guru Nanak has met the Supreme Lord God; I am a sacrifice to Your Feet. ||4||1||47||
– . ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮੁ ਜਿਨਿ ਸਚੁ ਕਰਿ ਜਾਤਾ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਸੋ ਜਨੁ ਸਚਿ ਸਮਾਤਾ ॥੮॥੧੫॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 283-15).
Paarabreham Jin Sach Kar Jaathaa || Naanak So Jan Sach Samaathaa ||8||15||
One who recognizes the Supreme Lord God as True – O Nanak, that humble being is absorbed into the True One. ||8||15||
– ਆਪਿ ਨਰਾਇਣੁ ਕਲਾ ਧਾਰਿ ਜਗ ਮਹਿ ਪਰਵਰਿਯਉ ॥ (Savaiye (praise of Guru Amar Das) Bhatt Kirat, GGS. 1395-6).
Aap Naraaein Kalaa Dhhaar Jag Mehi Paravariyo ||
The Lord Himself wielded His Power and entered the world.
ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰਿ ਆਕਾਰੁ ਜੋਤਿ ਜਗ ਮੰਡਲਿ ਕਰਿਯਉ ॥
Nirankaar Aakaar Joth Jag Manddal Kariyo ||
The Formless Lord took form, and with His Light He illuminated the realms of the world.
– ਹਰਿ ਜਨ ਹਰਿ ਅੰਤਰੁ ਨਹੀ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਾਚੀ ਮਾਨੁ ॥੨੯॥ ( Salok Guru Teg Bahadur, GGS. 1428-1).
Har Jan Har Anthar Nehee Naanak Saachee Maan ||29||
There is no difference between the Lord and the humble servant of the Lord; O Nanak, know this as true. ||29||
– ਸੁਣੀ ਪੁਕਾਰਿ ਦਾਤਾਰ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਗੁਰੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਜਗ ਮਾਹਿ ਪਠਾਇਆ। (Bhai Gurdas, Vaar 1, Pauri 23, page 1).
Sunee Pukaari Daatar Prabhu Guru Naanak Jag Maahi Pathhaaiaa |
The benefactor Lord listened to the cries (of humanity) and sent Guru Nanak to this world……

ਕਲਿ ਤਾਰਣ ਗੁਰੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਆਇਆ ॥੨੩॥
Kali Taarani Guru Naanaku Aaiaa ||23 ||
Guru Nanak came to redeem the kaliyug.

Part II – Gurmat Messages of Guru Nanak Dev Ji to Humanity

The foregoing Gurbani quotes amply point out that Guru Nanak Sahib was a SARGUN SAROOP of Akalpurakh/Waheguru. As a result he was as versatile not just as a Spiritual and profound thinker but also as a social reformer who challenged all superstitions and rituals, which were prevalent in his time. He addressed the various aspects of Universal Humanity, such as:-

A. Spiritual Guidance
1. ਪਵਨ ਅਰੰਭੁ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਮਤਿ ਵੇਲਾ ॥ (Raag Raamkali M. 1, GGS. 943-1).
Pavan Aranbh Sathigur Math Vaelaa ||
From the air came the beginning. This is the age of the True Guru’s Teachings..
ਸਬਦੁ ਗੁਰੂ ਸੁਰਤਿ ਧੁਨਿ ਚੇਲਾ ॥
Sabadh Guroo Surath Dhhun Chaelaa ||
The Shabad is the Guru, upon whom I lovingly focus my consciousness; I am the chaylaa, the disciple.
2. ਸਿਖੀ ਸਿਖਿਆ ਗੁਰ ਵੀਚਾਰਿ ॥(Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 465-10).
Sikhee Sikhiaa Gur Veechaar ||
Contemplating the Guru, I have been taught these teachings;
3. ਗੁਰਾ ਇਕ ਦੇਹਿ ਬੁਝਾਈ ॥ (Japji, GGS. 2)
guraa eik dhaehi bujhaaee ||
The Guru has given me this one understanding:
ਸਭਨਾ ਜੀਆ ਕਾ ਇਕੁ ਦਾਤਾ ਸੋ ਮੈ ਵਿਸਰਿ ਨ ਜਾਈ ॥੫॥
(sabhanaa jeeaa kaa eik dhaathaa so mai visar n jaaee ||5||
there is only the One, the Giver of all souls. May I never forget Him! ||5||
4. ਸਬਦੁ ਬੀਚਾਰਿ ਭਏ ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰੀ ॥ (Raag Raamkalee, M. 1, GGS 904).
sabadh beechaar bheae nirankaaree ||
Contemplating the Shabad, we become Nirankaari – we come to belong to the Formless Lord God.
ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਜਾਗੇ ਦੁਰਮਤਿ ਪਰਹਾਰੀ ॥
guramath jaagae dhuramath parehaaree ||
awakening to the Guru’s Teachings, evil-mindedness is taken away.

B. Spiritual Path (Marg) and Satsangat
1.ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਵੇਲਾ ਸਚੁ ਨਾਉ ਵਡਿਆਈ ਵੀਚਾਰੁ ॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS. 2-5).
Anmrith Vaelaa Sach Naao Vaddiaaee Veechaar ||
In the Amrit Vaylaa, the ambrosial hours before dawn, chant the True Name, and contemplate His Glorious Greatness.
ਕਰਮੀ ਆਵੈ ਕਪੜਾ ਨਦਰੀ ਮੋਖੁ ਦੁਆਰੁ ॥
Karamee Aavai Kaparraa Nadharee Mokh Dhuaar ||
By the karma of past actions, the robe of this physical body is obtained. By His Grace, the Gate of Liberation is found.
ਨਾਨਕ ਏਵੈ ਜਾਣੀਐ ਸਭੁ ਆਪੇ ਸਚਿਆਰੁ ॥੪॥
Naanak Eaevai Jaaneeai Sabh Aapae Sachiaar ||4||
O Nanak, know this well: the True One Himself is All. ||4||
2. ਮਨਿ ਜੀਤੈ ਜਗੁ ਜੀਤੁ ॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS. 6-17).
Man Jeethai Jag Jeeth ||
Conquer your own mind, and conquer the world.
3. ਸਤਸੰਗਤਿ ਕੈਸੀ ਜਾਣੀਐ ॥ (Raag Sriraag, M. 1, GGS 72).
sathasangath kaisee jaaneeai ||
How is the Society of the Saints to be known?
ਜਿਥੈ ਏਕੋ ਨਾਮੁ ਵਖਾਣੀਐ ॥
jithhai eaeko naam vakhaaneeai ||
There, the Name of the One Lord is chanted.

C. Economic needs and prosperity
1. ਕੀਤਾ ਲੋੜੀਐ ਕੰਮੁ ਸੁ ਹਰਿ ਪਹਿ ਆਖੀਐ ॥ (Raag Sri Rag M. 1, GGS 91)
keethaa lorreeai kanm s har pehi aakheeai || Whatever work you wish to accomplish-tell it to the Lord
ਕਾਰਜੁ ਦੇਇ ਸਵਾਰਿ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਸਚੁ ਸਾਖੀਐ ॥
kaaraj dhaee savaar sathigur sach saakheeai ||
He will resolve your affairs; the True Guru gives His Guarantee of Truth.
2. . ਸਾਈ ਵਸਤੁ ਪਰਾਪਤਿ ਹੋਈ ਜਿਸੁ ਸੇਤੀ ਮਨੁ ਲਾਇਆ II (Raag Soohee, M. 1, GGS 764).
saaee vasath paraapath hoee jis saethee man laaeiaa ||
I have obtained that thing, which my mind desired.
3. ਘਾਲਿ ਖਾਇ ਕਿਛੁ ਹਥਹੁ ਦੇਇ ॥ (Raag Saran, M. 1, GGS 1245).
ghaal khaae kishh hathhahu dhaee ||
One who works for what he eats, and gives some of what he has.
ਨਾਨਕ ਰਾਹੁ ਪਛਾਣਹਿ ਸੇਇ ॥੧॥
naanak raahu pashhaanehi saee ||1||
– O Nanak, he knows the Path. ||1||

D. Personality Development
1. ਮਿਠਤੁ ਨੀਵੀ ਨਾਨਕਾ ਗੁਣ ਚੰਗਿਆਈਆ ਤਤੁ ॥ ( Raag Aasaa, M. 1, GGS 470).
mithath neevee naanakaa gun changiaaeeaa thath ||
Sweetness and humility, O Nanak, are the essence of virtue and goodness.
2. ਨਾਨਕ ਫਿਕੈ ਬੋਲਿਐ ਤਨੁ ਮਨੁ ਫਿਕਾ ਹੋਇ ॥ ( Raag Aasaa, M. 1, GGS 473).
naanak fikai boliai than man fikaa hoe ||
O Nanak, speaking insipid words, the body and mind become insipid.
3. ਕੂੜ ਨਿਖੁਟੇ ਨਾਨਕਾ ਓੜਕਿ ਸਚਿ ਰਹੀ ॥੨॥ (Raag Raamkalee M. 1, GGS 953).
koorr nikhuttae naanakaa ourrak sach rehee ||2||
Falsehood will come to an end, O Nanak, and Truth will prevail in the end. ||2||
4. ਫਿਟੁ ਇਵੇਹਾ ਜੀਵਿਆ ਜਿਤੁ ਖਾਇ ਵਧਾਇਆ ਪੇਟੁ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਚੇ ਨਾਮ ਵਿਣੁ ਸਭੋ ਦੁਸਮਨੁ ਹੇਤੁ ॥੨॥ (Raag Suhi M. 1, GGS. 790-18).
Fitt Eivaehaa Jeeviaa Jith Khaae Vadhhaaeiaa Paett ||

Cursed is that life, in which one only eats to fill his belly. O Nanak, without the True Name, all one’s friends turn to enemies. ||2||

5. ਮੰਦਾ ਕਿਸੈ ਨ ਆਖੀਐ ਪੜਿ ਅਖਰੁ ਏਹੋ ਬੁਝੀਐ ॥ ਮੂਰਖੈ ਨਾਲਿ ਨ ਲੁਝੀਐ ॥੧੯॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, 473-13).
Mandhaa Kisai N Aakheeai Parr Akhar Eaeho Bujheeai ||
Do not call anyone bad; read these words, and understand. Don’t argue with fools. ||19||

6. ਸੋ ਕਿਉ ਮਨਹੁ ਵਿਸਾਰੀਐ ਜਾ ਕੇ ਜੀਅ ਪਰਾਣ ॥ (Sri Raag M. 1, GGS. 16-3).
So Kio Manahu Visaareeai Jaa Kae Jeea Paraan ||
How can you forget the One who created your soul, and the praanaa, the breath of life?

ਤਿਸੁ ਵਿਣੁ ਸਭੁ ਅਪਵਿਤ੍ਰੁ ਹੈ ਜੇਤਾ ਪੈਨਣੁ ਖਾਣੁ ॥
This Vin Sabh Apavithra Hai Jaethaa Painan Khaan ||
Without Him, all that we wear and eat is impure.

E. Respect for Female Gender
1. ਸੋ ਕਿਉ ਮੰਦਾ ਆਖੀਐ ਜਿਤੁ ਜੰਮਹਿ ਰਾਜਾਨ ॥ ((Rag Asa M. 1, GGS 473-9).
So Kio Mandhaa Aakheeai Jith Janmehi Raajaan ||
So why call her bad? From her, kings are born.
ਭੰਡਹੁ ਹੀ ਭੰਡੁ ਊਪਜੈ ਭੰਡੈ ਬਾਝੁ ਨ ਕੋਇ ॥
bhanddahu hee bhandd oopajai bhanddai baajh n koe |
From woman, woman is born; without woman, there would be no one at all.
ਨਾਨਕ ਭੰਡੈ ਬਾਹਰਾ ਏਕੋ ਸਚਾ ਸੋਇ ॥
naanak bhanddai baaharaa eaeko sachaa soe ||
O Nanak, only the True Lord is without a woman

F. Casteless Human Society
Guru Nanak Sahib promotes Universal brotherhood (presence of God in all of us) and in turn offers scope for peace and prosperity in the world:-
1. ਸਭ ਮਹਿ ਜੋਤਿ ਜੋਤਿ ਹੈ ਸੋਇ ॥ (Raag Dhanasree M. 1, GGS. 663-8).
Sabh Mehi Joth Joth Hai Soe ||
The Divine Light is within everyone; You are that Light.
ਤਿਸ ਕੈ ਚਾਨਣਿ ਸਭ ਮਹਿ ਚਾਨਣੁ ਹੋਇ ॥
This Kai Chaanan Sabh Mehi Chaanan Hoe ||
Yours is that Light which shines within everyone.
2. ਫਕੜ ਜਾਤੀ ਫਕੜੁ ਨਾਉ ॥ (Sri Raag M. 1, GGS. 83-13).
Fakarr Jaathee Fakarr Naao ||
Pride in social status is empty; pride in personal glory is useless.
ਸਭਨਾ ਜੀਆ ਇਕਾ ਛਾਉ ॥
Sabhanaa Jeeaa Eikaa Shhaao ||
The One Lord gives shade to all beings.

G. Quality Education and Life-style
1. ਵਿਦਿਆ ਵੀਚਾਰੀ ਤਾਂ ਪਰਉਪਕਾਰੀ ॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 356-14).
Vidhiaa Veechaaree Thaan Paroupakaaree ||
Contemplate and reflect upon knowledge, and you will become a benefactor to others.
2. ਸਚਹੁ ਓਰੈ ਸਭੁ ਕੋ ਉਪਰਿ ਸਚੁ ਆਚਾਰੁ ॥੫॥ (Sri Raag M. 1, GGS. 62-11).
Sachahu Ourai Sabh Ko Oupar Sach Aachaar ||5||
Truth is higher than everything; but higher still is truthful living. ||5||
3. ਸੂਚੇ ਸੇਈ ਨਾਨਕਾ ਜਿਨ ਮਨਿ ਵਸਿਆ ਸੋਇ ॥੨॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 472-10).
Soochae Saeee Naanakaa Jin Man Vasiaa Soe ||2||
Only they are pure, O Nanak, within whose minds the Lord abides. ||2||
4. ਰੈਣਿ ਗਵਾਈ ਸੋਇ ਕੈ ਦਿਵਸੁ ਗਵਾਇਆ ਖਾਇ ॥ (Raag Gauri Bairaagan M. 1, GGS. 156-17).
Rain Gavaaee Soe Kai Dhivas Gavaaeiaa Khaae ||
The nights are wasted sleeping, and the days are wasted eating.

ਹੀਰੇ ਜੈਸਾ ਜਨਮੁ ਹੈ ਕਉਡੀ ਬਦਲੇ ਜਾਇ ॥੧॥
Heerae Jaisaa Janam Hai Kouddee Badhalae Jaae ||1||
Human life is such a precious jewel, but it is being lost in exchange for a mere shell. ||1||-

H. Scientific realm and Expanse of Universe

ਪਾਤਾਲਾ ਪਾਤਾਲ ਲਖ ਆਗਾਸਾ ਆਗਾਸ ॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS, 5-2).
Paathaalaa Paathaal Lakh Aagaasaa Aagaas ||
There are nether worlds beneath nether worlds, and hundreds of thousands of heavenly worlds above.
ਓੜਕ ਓੜਕ ਭਾਲਿ ਥਕੇ ਵੇਦ ਕਹਨਿ ਇਕ ਵਾਤ ॥
Ourrak Ourrak Bhaal Thhakae Vaedh Kehan Eik Vaath ||
The Vedas say that you can search and search for them all, until you grow weary.
ਸਹਸ ਅਠਾਰਹ ਕਹਨਿ ਕਤੇਬਾ ਅਸੁਲੂ ਇਕੁ ਧਾਤੁ ॥
Sehas Athaareh Kehan Kathaebaa Asuloo Eik Dhhaath ||
The scriptures say that there are 18,000 worlds, but in reality, there is only One Universe.
ਲੇਖਾ ਹੋਇ ਤ ਲਿਖੀਐ ਲੇਖੈ ਹੋਇ ਵਿਣਾਸੁ ॥
Laekhaa Hoe Th Likheeai Laekhai Hoe Vinaas ||
If you try to write an account of this, you will surely finish yourself before you finish writing it.
ਨਾਨਕ ਵਡਾ ਆਖੀਐ ਆਪੇ ਜਾਣੈ ਆਪੁ ॥੨੨॥
Naanak Vaddaa Aakheeai Aapae Jaanai Aap ||22||
O Nanak, call Him Great! He Himself knows Himself. ||22||

2. ਸਚੀ ਤੇਰੀ ਕੁਦਰਤਿ ਸਚੇ ਪਾਤਿਸਾਹ ॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 463-9).
Sachee Thaeree Kudharath Sachae Paathisaah ||
True is Your almighty creative power, True King.
3.ਬਲਿਹਾਰੀ ਕੁਦਰਤਿ ਵਸਿਆ ॥ (Raag Asa, Guru Nanak, GGS. 469-10).
Balihaaree Kudharath Vasiaa ||
I am a sacrifice to Your almighty creative power which is pervading everywhere.
4. ਕੁਦਰਤਿ ਦਿਸੈ ਕੁਦਰਤਿ ਸੁਣੀਐ ਕੁਦਰਤਿ ਭਉ ਸੁਖ ਸਾਰੁ ॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 464-5).
Kudharath Dhisai Kudharath Suneeai Kudharath Bho Sukh Saar ||
By His Power we see, by His Power we hear; by His Power we have fear, and the essence of happiness……………………

ਕੁਦਰਤਿ ਪਾਤਾਲੀ ਆਕਾਸੀ ਕੁਦਰਤਿ ਸਰਬ ਆਕਾਰੁ ॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 464
Kudharath Paathaalee Aakaasee Kudharath Sarab Aakaar ||
By His Power the nether worlds exist, and the Akaashic ethers; by His Power the entire creation exists.

ਸਭ ਤੇਰੀ ਕੁਦਰਤਿ ਤੂੰ ਕਾਦਿਰੁ ਕਰਤਾ ਪਾਕੀ ਨਾਈ ਪਾਕੁ ॥
Sabh Thaeree Kudharath Thoon Kaadhir Karathaa Paakee Naaee Paak ||
Everything is in Your Power, Lord; You are the all-powerful Creator. Your Name is the Holiest of the Holy.

ਨਾਨਕ ਹੁਕਮੈ ਅੰਦਰਿ ਵੇਖੈ ਵਰਤੈ ਤਾਕੋ ਤਾਕੁ ॥੨॥
Naanak Hukamai Andhar Vaekhai Varathai Thaako Thaak ||2||
O Nanak, through the Command of His Will, He beholds and pervades the creation; He is absolutely unrivalled. ||2||

5. ਜਾ ਤਿਸੁ ਭਾਣਾ ਤਾ ਜਗਤੁ ਉਪਾਇਆ ॥ (Raag Maaroo M. 1, GGS. 1036-6).
Jaa This Bhaanaa Thaa Jagath Oupaaeiaa ||
When He so willed, He created the world.

ਬਾਝੁ ਕਲਾ ਆਡਾਣੁ ਰਹਾਇਆ ॥
Baajh Kalaa Aaddaan Rehaaeiaa ||
Without any supporting power, He sustained the universe.

I. Respect for Environment/Ecology
– ਪਵਣੁ ਗੁਰੂ ਪਾਣੀ ਪਿਤਾ ਮਾਤਾ ਧਰਤਿ ਮਹਤੁ ॥ ਦਿਵਸੁ ਰਾਤਿ ਦੁਇ ਦਾਈ ਦਾਇਆ ਖੇਲੈ ਸਗਲ ਜਗਤੁ ॥ (Salok Guru Nanak, GGS. 8-10).
Pavan Guroo Paanee Pithaa Maathaa Dhharath Mehath || Dhivas Raath Dhue Dhaaee Dhaaeiaa Khaelai Sagal Jagath ||
Air is the Guru, Water is the Father, and Earth is the Great Mother of all. Day and night are the two nurses, in whose lap all the world is at play.

J. Respect towards different Faiths
ਚਾਰੇ ਵੇਦ ਹੋਏ ਸਚਿਆਰ ॥ ਪੜਹਿ ਗੁਣਹਿ ਤਿਨ੍ਹ੍ਹ ਚਾਰ ਵੀਚਾਰ ॥ (Raag Asa, M.1, GGS. 470-8)
Chaarae Vaedh Hoeae Sachiaar || Parrehi Gunehi Thinh Chaar Veechaar ||
The four Vedas each claim to be true. Reading and studying them, four doctrines are found.

ਭਾਉ ਭਗਤਿ ਕਰਿ ਨੀਚੁ ਸਦਾਏ ॥ ਤਉ ਨਾਨਕ ਮੋਖੰਤਰੁ ਪਾਏ ॥੨॥
Bhaao Bhagath Kar Neech Sadhaaeae || Tho Naanak Mokhanthar Paaeae ||2||
With loving devotional worship, abiding in humility, O Nanak, salvation is attained. ||2||

When translated in simple words it reads:-
i).Love for God/Waheguru ii). devotional worship with iii). total loss of one’s ego/houmai/duality (abiding in humility iv). The above three steps lead to the final state of attaining Salvation.

K. Against Rituals

1. ਨਾਨਕ ਸਚੇ ਨਾਮ ਬਿਨੁ ਕਿਆ ਟਿਕਾ ਕਿਆ ਤਗੁ ॥੧॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, 467-6).
Nanak sache naam bin kya tikka kya tag?
O Nanak, without the True Name, of what use is the frontal mark of the Hindus, or their sacred thread? ||-

2. ਦੁਬਿਧਾ ਨ ਪੜਉ ਹਰਿ ਬਿਨੁ ਹੋਰੁ ਨ ਪੂਜਉ ਮੜੈ ਮਸਾਣਿ ਨ ਜਾਈ ॥ (Raag Sorath M. 1, GGS. 634-8).
Dhubidhhaa N Parro Har Bin Hor N Poojo Marrai Masaan N Jaaee ||
I am not torn by duality, because I do not worship any other than the Lord; I do not visit tombs or crematoriums.

L. Seva (Service of Humanity)

– ਵਿਚਿ ਦੁਨੀਆ ਸੇਵ ਕਮਾਈਐ ॥ (Sri Raag M. 1, GGS. 26-1)
Vich Dhuneeaa Saev Kamaaeeai ||
In the midst of this world, do seva,

ਤਾ ਦਰਗਹ ਬੈਸਣੁ ਪਾਈਐ ॥
Thaa Dharageh Baisan Paaeeai ||
And you shall be given a place of honor in the Court of the Lord.

K. Social Reforms
1. ਹਕੁ ਪਰਾਇਆ ਨਾਨਕਾ ਉਸੁ ਸੂਅਰ ਉਸੁ ਗਾਇ ॥ (Raag Maajh M. 1, GGS. 141-1).
Hak Paraaeiaa Naanakaa Ous Sooar Ous Gaae ||
To take what rightfully belongs to another, is like a Muslim eating pork, or a Hindu eating beef.
2. ਜੇ ਲੋੜਹਿ ਚੰਗਾ ਆਪਣਾ ਕਰਿ ਪੁੰਨਹੁ ਨੀਚੁ ਸਦਾਈਐ ॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 465-16).
Jae Lorrehi Changaa Aapanaa Kar Punnahu Neech Sadhaaeeai ||
If you yearn for goodness, then perform good deeds and feel humble.
3. ਬਾਬਾ ਹੋਰੁ ਖਾਣਾ ਖੁਸੀ ਖੁਆਰੁ ॥ (Sri Raag M.1, GGS. 16-13).
Baabaa Hor Khaanaa Khusee Khuaar ||
O Baba, the pleasures of other foods are false.
ਜਿਤੁ ਖਾਧੈ ਤਨੁ ਪੀੜੀਐ ਮਨ ਮਹਿ ਚਲਹਿ ਵਿਕਾਰ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
Jith Khaadhhai Than Peerreeai Man Mehi Chalehi Vikaar ||1|| Rehaao ||
Eating them, the body is ruined, and wickedness and corruption enter into the mind. ||1||Pause||
………..
ਬਾਬਾ ਹੋਰੁ ਪੈਨਣੁ ਖੁਸੀ ਖੁਆਰੁ ॥
Baabaa Hor Painan Khusee Khuaar ||
O Baba, the pleasures of other clothes are false.
ਜਿਤੁ ਪੈਧੈ ਤਨੁ ਪੀੜੀਐ ਮਨ ਮਹਿ ਚਲਹਿ ਵਿਕਾਰ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
Jith Paidhhai Than Peerreeai Man Mehi Chalehi Vikaar ||1|| Rehaao ||
Wearing them, the body is ruined, and wickedness and corruption enter into the mind. ||1||Pause||

L. Tirath Yatra/Pilgrimage to Holy Places

– ਤੀਰਥਿ ਨਾਵਣ ਜਾਉ ਤੀਰਥੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਹੈ ॥ (Raag Dhanaasree M. 1, GGS. 687-14).
Theerathh Naavan Jaao Theerathh Naam Hai ||
Why should I bathe at sacred shrines of pilgrimage? The Naam, the Name of the Lord, is the sacred shrine of pilgrimage.

ਤੀਰਥੁ ਸਬਦ ਬੀਚਾਰੁ ਅੰਤਰਿ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਹੈ ॥
Theerathh Sabadh Beechaar Anthar Giaan Hai ||
My sacred shrine of pilgrimage is spiritual wisdom within, and contemplation on the Word of the Shabad.

M. Way to the Divine Path?
1. ਭੈ ਰਚਿ ਰਹੈ ਸੁ ਨਿਰਭਉ ਹੋਇ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 1, GGS. 223-19).
Bhai Rach Rehai S Nirabho Hoe ||
Those who remain immersed in the Fear of God become fearless.

ਜੈਸਾ ਸੇਵੈ ਤੈਸੋ ਹੋਇ ॥੪॥
Jaisaa Saevai Thaiso Hoe ||4||
They become just like the One they serve. ||4||
2. ਆਪੁ ਗਵਾਈਐ ਤਾ ਸਹੁ ਪਾਈਐ ਅਉਰੁ ਕੈਸੀ ਚਤੁਰਾਈ ॥ Raag Tilang, M.1 GGS. 722-130.
Aap Gavaaeeai Thaa Sahu Paaeeai Aour Kaisee Chathuraaee ||
Give up your selfhood, and so obtain your Husband Lord; what other clever tricks are of any use?
3. ਭਗਤ ਤੇਰੈ ਮਨਿ ਭਾਵਦੇ ਦਰਿ ਸੋਹਨਿ ਕੀਰਤਿ ਗਾਵਦੇ ॥ (Raag Asa, M. 1, GGS. 468-3).
Bhagath Thaerai Man Bhaavadhae Dhar Sohan Keerath Gaavadhae ||
Your devotees are pleasing to Your Mind, Lord. They look beautiful at Your door, singing Your Praises……………….

ਇਕਿ ਮੂਲੁ ਨ ਬੁਝਨ੍ਹ੍ਹਿ ਆਪਣਾ ਅਣਹੋਦਾ ਆਪੁ ਗਣਾਇਦੇ ॥
Eik Mool N Bujhanih Aapanaa Anehodhaa Aap Ganaaeidhae ||
Some do not understand their origins, and without cause, they display their self-conceit.
Guru Nanak Sahib himself proclaimed the importance of Naam as his only support in the following verse:-
ਤੇਰਾ ਏਕੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਤਾਰੇ ਸੰਸਾਰੁ ॥ ਮੈ ਏਹਾ ਆਸ ਏਹੋ ਆਧਾਰੁ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (Sri Raag, M. 1, GGS 24).
thaeraa eaek naam thaarae sansaar || mai eaehaa aas eaeho aadhhaar ||1|| rehaao ||
Your Name alone, Lord, saves the world. This is my hope; this is my support. ||1||Pause||
Guru Sahib attaches a lot of importance to Sat Naam “ਸਾਚੇ ਨਾਮ” – (repeated twice by Guru Nanak Sahib) calls it as Panacea of all ills:-
1. ਸਾਚੇ ਨਾਮ ਕੀ ਲਾਗੈ ਭੂਖ ॥ ਤਿਤੁ ਭੂਖੈ ਖਾਇ ਚਲੀਅਹਿ ਦੂਖ ॥੧॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 349-7).
Saachae Naam Kee Laagai Bhookh || Thith Bhookhai Khaae Chaleeahi Dhookh ||1||
If someone feels hunger for the True Name. Then that hunger shall consume his pains. ||1||

2. ਸਾਚੇ ਨਾਮ ਕੀ ਲਾਗੈ ਭੂਖ ॥ ਉਤੁ ਭੂਖੈ ਖਾਇ ਚਲੀਅਹਿ ਦੂਖ ॥੧॥ ( Sodar Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 9-16).
Saachae Naam Kee Laagai Bhookh || Outh Bhookhai Khaae Chaleeahi Dhookh ||1||
If someone feels hunger for the True Name,That hunger shall consume his pain. ||1||

ਸੋ ਕਿਉ ਵਿਸਰੈ ਮੇਰੀ ਮਾਇ ॥ ਸਾਚਾ ਸਾਹਿਬੁ ਸਾਚੈ ਨਾਇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
So Kio Visarai Maeree Maae || Saachaa Saahib Saachai Naae ||1|| Rehaao ||
How can I forget Him, O my mother? True is the Master, True is His Name. ||1||Pause||
So for a Sikh, it is made clear in the Gurbani to accept that “ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕਾ ਸਿਮਰਨੁ ਸਭ ਤੇ ਊਚਾII” (prabh kaa simaran sabh thae oochaa ).(Raag Gauri, M. 5, GGS. 263) and ਨਾਨਕ ਕੈ ਘਰਿ ਕੇਵਲ ਨਾਮੁ ॥੪॥੪॥ -“naanak kai ghar kaeval naam ||4||4||”- (Raag Bhaira-o, M. 5, GGS. 1136).
Note: All translations are from the Internet

Kirpal Singh
Wellington, New Zealand

E-mail: kirpal2singh@yahoo.com

Guru Nanak Sahib and his Gurmat Messages*

Personality of Guru Nanak Sahib

Guru Nanak Sahib was a Rabbi Jot/ Sargun Saroop of Akalpurakh. His Updesh in his entire Bani especially in Jap Ji Sahib is exemplary as a Spiritual Chamatkar.

ਗਿਆਨ ਖੰਡ ਮਹਿ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਪਰਚੰਡੁ ॥ ਤਿਥੈ ਨਾਦ ਬਿਨੋਦ ਕੋਡ ਅਨੰਦੁ ॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS. 7-19).
In the realm of wisdom, spiritual wisdom reigns supreme. The Sound-current of the Naad vibrates there, amidst the sounds and the sights of bliss.

The blissful personality of Guru Nanak Sahib is elaborated Guru Arjan Dev Ji Bhai Gurdas Ji and Bhatt Kirat Ji:-

– ਸਤਿ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਜਿਨਿ ਜਾਨਿਆ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਤਿਸ ਕਾ ਨਾਉ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 286-12).
The one who knows the True Lord God, is called the True Guru.

– ਸਭ ਤੇ ਵਡਾ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਜਿਨਿ ਕਲ ਰਾਖੀ ਮੇਰੀ ॥੪॥੧੦॥੫੭॥ (Raag Suhi M. 5, GGS. 750-4).
Guru Nanak is the greatest of all; He saved my honor in this Dark Age of Kali Yuga. ||4||10||57||

– ਸੁਣੀ ਪੁਕਾਰਿ ਦਾਤਾਰ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਗੁਰੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਜਗ ਮਾਹਿ ਪਠਾਇਆ। (Bhai Gurdas, Var 1, Pauri 23, page 1).
The benefactor Lord listened to the cries (of humanity) and sent Guru Nanak to this world.
……………………
ਕਲਿ ਤਾਰਣ ਗੁਰੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਆਇਆ ॥੨੩॥
Guru Nanak came to redeem the kaliyug.

– ਆਪਿ ਨਰਾਇਣੁ ਕਲਾ ਧਾਰਿ ਜਗ ਮਹਿ ਪਰਵਰਿਯਉ ॥ ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰਿ ਆਕਾਰੁ ਜੋਤਿ ਜਗ ਮੰਡਲਿ ਕਰਿਯਉ ॥
(Savaiye (praise of Guru Amar Das) Bhatt Kirat, GGS. 1395-6).
The Lord Himself wielded His Power and entered the world. The Formless Lord took form, and with His Light He illuminated the realms of the world.

Guru Nanak Sahib himself unveils his stature by giving a glimpse of his profound association with his Khasam (God/Akalpurakh) in the following verses:-

ਹਉ ਢਾਢੀ ਵੇਕਾਰੁ ਕਾਰੈ ਲਾਇਆ ॥ ਰਾਤਿ ਦਿਹੈ ਕੈ ਵਾਰ ਧੁਰਹੁ ਫੁਰਮਾਇਆ ॥ (Raag Maajh M. 1, GGS. 150-16).
I was a minstrel, out of work, when the Lord took me into His service. To sing His Praises day and night, He gave me His Order, right from the start.

ਢਾਢੀ ਸਚੈ ਮਹਲਿ ਖਸਮਿ ਬੁਲਾਇਆ ॥ ਸਚੀ ਸਿਫਤਿ ਸਾਲਾਹ ਕਪੜਾ ਪਾਇਆ ॥
My Lord and Master has summoned me, His minstrel, to the True Mansion of His Presence. He has dressed me in the robes of His True Praise and Glory.

ਸਚਾ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਨਾਮੁ ਭੋਜਨੁ ਆਇਆ ॥ ਗੁਰਮਤੀ ਖਾਧਾ ਰਜਿ ਤਿਨਿ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਇਆ ॥
The Ambrosial Nectar of the True Name has become my food.. Those who follow the Guru’s Teachings, who eat this food and are satisfied, find peace.

ਢਾਢੀ ਕਰੇ ਪਸਾਉ ਸਬਦੁ ਵਜਾਇਆ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਚੁ ਸਾਲਾਹਿ ਪੂਰਾ ਪਾਇਆ ॥੨੭॥ ਸੁਧੁ
His minstrel spreads His Glory, singing and vibrating the Word of His Shabad. O Nanak, praising the True Lord, I have obtained His Perfection. ||27||Sudh||

Guru Ji sets asides his personal ego and admits his direct link with Akalpurakh regarding his spiritual emancipation:-

ਜੈਸੀ ਮੈ ਆਵੈ ਖਸਮ ਕੀ ਬਾਣੀ ਤੈਸੜਾ ਕਰੀ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਵੇ ਲਾਲੋ ॥ (Raag Tilang M. 1, GGS. 722-16).
As the Word of the Forgiving Lord comes to me, so do I express it, O Lalo.

On the ONENESS of God, Guru Nanak Sahib further proclaims loudly:-

– ਸਾਹਿਬੁ ਮੇਰਾ ਏਕੋ ਹੈ ॥ ਏਕੋ ਹੈ ਭਾਈ ਏਕੋ ਹੈ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 350-4).
My Lord and Master is One; He is the One and Only; O Siblings of Destiny, He is the One alone. ||1||Pause||

– ਕਰਿ ਕਿਰਪਾ ਮੇਰਾ ਚਿਤੁ ਲਾਇਆ ॥ ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਮੋ ਕਉ ਏਕੁ ਬੁਝਾਇਆ ॥੫॥ (Raag Gauri M. 1, GGS. 223-5).
In His Mercy, He attuned my consciousness to the Lord. The True Guru has led me to understand the One Lord. ||5||

ਏਕੁ ਨਿਰੰਜਨੁ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਜਾਤਾ ॥ ਦੂਜਾ ਮਾਰਿ ਸਬਦਿ ਪਛਾਤਾ ॥੬॥
The Gurmukh knows the One Immaculate Lord. Subduing duality, one comes to realize the Word of the Shabad. ||6||

ਏਕੋ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਵਰਤੈ ਸਭ ਲੋਈ ॥ ਏਕਸੁ ਤੇ ਸਭ ਓਪਤਿ ਹੋਈ ॥੭॥
The Command of the One Lord prevails throughout all the worlds. From the One, all have arisen. ||7||

ਰਾਹ ਦੋਵੈ ਖਸਮੁ ਏਕੋ ਜਾਣੁ ॥ ਗੁਰ ਕੈ ਸਬਦਿ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਪਛਾਣੁ ॥੮॥
There are two routes, but remember that their Lord and Master is only One. Through the Word of the Guru’s Shabad, recognize the Hukam of the Lord’s Command. ||8||

ਸਗਲ ਰੂਪ ਵਰਨ ਮਨ ਮਾਹੀ ॥ ਕਹੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਏਕੋ ਸਾਲਾਹੀ ॥੯॥੫॥
He is contained in all forms, colors and minds. Says Nanak, praise the One Lord. ||9||5||

In Jap Ji Sahib, Guru Nanak Sahib brings a Spiritual Revolution:-

1. In defining Ik Oankar – ੴ ਸਤਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਕਰਤਾ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਨਿਰਭਉ ਨਿਰਵੈਰੁ ਅਕਾਲ ਮੂਰਤਿ ਅਜੂਨੀ ਸੈਭੰ ਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ॥ (Jap Ji Sahib, Guru Nanak, GGS. 1-1).
One Universal Creator God, TheName Is Truth Creative Being Personified No Fear No Hatred Image Of The Undying, Beyond Birth, Self-Existent. By Guru’s Grace.

2. Foundation of Science of Psychology – ਮਨਿ ਜੀਤੈ ਜਗੁ ਜੀਤੁ ॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS. 6-17).
Man Jeethai Jag Jeeth ||
Conquer your own mind, and conquer the world.

3. ਗੁਰਾ ਇਕ ਦੇਹਿ ਬੁਝਾਈ ॥ ਸਭਨਾ ਜੀਆ ਕਾ ਇਕੁ ਦਾਤਾ ਸੋ ਮੈ ਵਿਸਰਿ ਨ ਜਾਈ ॥੬॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS. 2-12).
There is only the One, the Giver of all souls. May I never forget Him! ||6||

4. Unraveling of 5 Khands i. e. Steps of Spiritual Elevation – (Dharm-, Gian-, Saram-, Karam-, and Sach Khand). Here Guru Ji describes his own Spiritual Awastha as well as Ik-mik or Sito-Sita with Akalpurakh:-

ਕਰਮ ਖੰਡ ਕੀ ਬਾਣੀ ਜੋਰੁ ॥ ਤਿਥੈ ਹੋਰੁ ਨ ਕੋਈ ਹੋਰੁ ॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS. 8-3).
In the realm of karma, the Word is Power. No one else dwells there,

ਤਿਥੈ ਜੋਧ ਮਹਾਬਲ ਸੂਰ ॥ ਤਿਨ ਮਹਿ ਰਾਮੁ ਰਹਿਆ ਭਰਪੂਰ ॥
Except the warriors of great power, the spiritual heroes. They are totally fulfilled, imbued with the Lord’s Essence.

ਤਿਥੈ ਸੀਤੋ ਸੀਤਾ ਮਹਿਮਾ ਮਾਹਿ ॥ ਤਾ ਕੇ ਰੂਪ ਨ ਕਥਨੇ ਜਾਹਿ ॥
Myriads of Sitas are there, cool and calm in their majestic glory. Their beauty cannot be described.

ਨਾ ਓਹਿ ਮਰਹਿ ਨ ਠਾਗੇ ਜਾਹਿ ॥ ਜਿਨ ਕੈ ਰਾਮੁ ਵਸੈ ਮਨ ਮਾਹਿ ॥
Neither death nor deception comes to those, Within whose minds the Lord abides.

ਤਿਥੈ ਭਗਤ ਵਸਹਿ ਕੇ ਲੋਅ ॥ ਕਰਹਿ ਅਨੰਦੁ ਸਚਾ ਮਨਿ ਸੋਇ ॥
The devotees of many worlds dwell there. They celebrate; their minds are imbued with the True Lord.

Guru Amardas Ji endorses the Anand Awastha of Guru Nanak Sahib as a state of Union with Akalpurakh:-

ਅਨੰਦੁ ਭਇਆ ਮੇਰੀ ਮਾਏ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ ਮੈ ਪਾਇਆ ॥ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਤ ਪਾਇਆ ਸਹਜ ਸੇਤੀ ਮਨਿ ਵਜੀਆ ਵਾਧਾਈਆ ॥ (Raag Raamkali M. 3, GGS. 917-2).
I am in ecstasy, O my mother, for I have found my True Guru. I have found the True Guru, with intuitive ease, and my mind vibrates with the music of bliss.

ਰਾਗ ਰਤਨ ਪਰਵਾਰ ਪਰੀਆ ਸਬਦ ਗਾਵਣ ਆਈਆ ॥
The jewelled melodies and their related celestial harmonies have come to sing the Word of the Shabad.

ਸਬਦੋ ਤ ਗਾਵਹੁ ਹਰੀ ਕੇਰਾ ਮਨਿ ਜਿਨੀ ਵਸਾਇਆ ॥ ਕਹੈ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਅਨੰਦੁ ਹੋਆ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੂ ਮੈ ਪਾਇਆ ॥੧॥
The Lord dwells within the minds of those who sing the Shabad. Says Nanak, I am in ecstasy, for I have found my True Guru. ||1||

Guru Nanak Sahib is obviously Sargun Saroop of God/Waheguru. The reasons being various as given below and endorsed by Guru Arjan Dev Ji, The Editor of Adi Granth Sahibi:-

– ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਮਹਿ ਜਨੁ ਜਨ ਮਹਿ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮੁ ॥ ਏਕਹਿ ਆਪਿ ਨਹੀ ਕਛੁ ਭਰਮੁ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 287-3).
The servant is in God, and God is in the servant.He Himself is One – there is no doubt about this.

– ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰ ਆਕਾਰ ਆਪਿ ਨਿਰਗੁਨ ਸਰਗੁਨ ਏਕ ॥ ਏਕਹਿ ਏਕ ਬਖਾਨਨੋ ਨਾਨਕ ਏਕ ਅਨੇਕ ॥੧॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 250-11).
He Himself is formless, and also formed; the One Lord is without attributes, and also with attributes. Describe the One Lord as One, and Only One; O Nanak, He is the One, and the many. ||1||

– ਨਿਰਗੁਨੁ ਆਪਿ ਸਰਗੁਨੁ ਭੀ ਓਹੀ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 287-17).
He Himself is absolute and unrelated; He Himself is also involved and related.

The above Gurbani quotes amply point out that Guru Nanak Sahib was a Sargun Saroop of God/Waheguru. As a result he was so versatile to address various aspects of Universal Humanity, such as:-

1. Universal brotherhood 2. Honesty 3. Righteousness 4. Equality 5. Sharing with people and 6. Showing compassion. His message can help us all with the challenges we face in everyday life.

A. Spiritual Guidance

1. ਪਵਨ ਅਰੰਭੁ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਮਤਿ ਵੇਲਾ ॥ ਸਬਦੁ ਗੁਰੂ ਸੁਰਤਿ ਧੁਨਿ ਚੇਲਾ ॥ (Raag Raamkali M. 1, GGS. 943-1).
From the air came the beginning. This is the age of the True Guru’s Teachings. The Shabad is the Guru, upon whom I lovingly focus my consciousness; I am the chaylaa, the disciple.

2. ਸਿਖੀ ਸਿਖਿਆ ਗੁਰ ਵੀਚਾਰਿ ॥(Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 465-10).
Contemplating the Guru, I have been taught these teachings;

3. ਸਬਦੁ ਬੀਚਾਰਿ ਭਏ ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰੀ ॥ ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਜਾਗੇ ਦੁਰਮਤਿ ਪਰਹਾਰੀ ॥ (Raag Raamkalee, M. 1, GGS 904).
Contemplating the Shabad, we become Nirankaari – we come to belong to the Formless Lord God. Awakening to the Guru’s Teachings, evil-mindedness is taken away.

B. Spiritual Path (Marg) and Satsangat

1.ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਵੇਲਾ ਸਚੁ ਨਾਉ ਵਡਿਆਈ ਵੀਚਾਰੁ ॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS. 2-5).
In the Amrit Vaylaa, the ambrosial hours before dawn, chant the True Name, and contemplate His Glorious Greatness.

2. ਸਤਸੰਗਤਿ ਕੈਸੀ ਜਾਣੀਐ ॥ ਜਿਥੈ ਏਕੋ ਨਾਮੁ ਵਖਾਣੀਐ ॥ (Raag Sriraag, M. 1, GGS 72).
How is the Society of the Saints to be known? There, the Name of the One Lord is chanted.

C. Economic needs and prosperity

1. ਘਾਲਿ ਖਾਇ ਕਿਛੁ ਹਥਹੁ ਦੇਇ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਰਾਹੁ ਪਛਾਣਹਿ ਸੇਇ ॥੧॥ (Raag Saran, M. 1, GGS 1245).
One who works for what he eats, and gives some of what he has.- O Nanak, he knows the Path. ||1||

2. ਕੀਤਾ ਲੋੜੀਐ ਕੰਮੁ ਸੁ ਹਰਿ ਪਹਿ ਆਖੀਐ ॥ ਕਾਰਜੁ ਦੇਇ ਸਵਾਰਿ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਸਚੁ ਸਾਖੀਐ ॥ (Raag Sri Rag M. 1, GGS 91)
Whatever work you wish to accomplish-tell it to the Lord. He will resolve your affairs; the True Guru gives His Guarantee of Truth.

3. ਸਾਈ ਵਸਤੁ ਪਰਾਪਤਿ ਹੋਈ ਜਿਸੁ ਸੇਤੀ ਮਨੁ ਲਾਇਆ II (Raag Soohee, M. 1, GGS 764).
I have obtained that thing, which my mind desired.

D. Personality Development

1. ਮਿਠਤੁ ਨੀਵੀ ਨਾਨਕਾ ਗੁਣ ਚੰਗਿਆਈਆ ਤਤੁ ॥ ( Raag Aasaa, M. 1, GGS 470).
Sweetness and humility, O Nanak, are the essence of virtue and goodness.

2. ਨਾਨਕ ਫਿਕੈ ਬੋਲਿਐ ਤਨੁ ਮਨੁ ਫਿਕਾ ਹੋਇ ॥ ( Raag Aasaa, M. 1, GGS 473).
O Nanak, speaking insipid words, the body and mind become insipid.

3. ਕੂੜ ਨਿਖੁਟੇ ਨਾਨਕਾ ਓੜਕਿ ਸਚਿ ਰਹੀ ॥੨॥ (Raag Raamkalee M. 1, GGS 953).
Falsehood will come to an end, O Nanak, and Truth will prevail in the end. ||2||

E. Social Reforms

1. ਸੋ ਕਿਉ ਮੰਦਾ ਆਖੀਐ ਜਿਤੁ ਜੰਮਹਿ ਰਾਜਾਨ ॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 473-9).
So why call her bad? From her, kings are born.

2. ਹਕੁ ਪਰਾਇਆ ਨਾਨਕਾ ਉਸੁ ਸੂਅਰ ਉਸੁ ਗਾਇ ॥ (Raag Maajh M. 1, GGS. 141-1).
To take what rightfully belongs to another, is like a Muslim eating pork, or a Hindu eating beef.

3. ਜੇ ਲੋੜਹਿ ਚੰਗਾ ਆਪਣਾ ਕਰਿ ਪੁੰਨਹੁ ਨੀਚੁ ਸਦਾਈਐ ॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 465-16).
If you yearn for goodness, then perform good deeds and feel humble.

4. ਬਾਬਾ ਹੋਰੁ ਖਾਣਾ ਖੁਸੀ ਖੁਆਰੁ ॥ ਜਿਤੁ ਖਾਧੈ ਤਨੁ ਪੀੜੀਐ ਮਨ ਮਹਿ ਚਲਹਿ ਵਿਕਾਰ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
(Sri Raag M.1, GGS. 16-13).
O Baba, the pleasures of other foods are false. Eating them, the body is ruined, and wickedness and corruption enter into the mind. ||1||Pause||
……….
ਬਾਬਾ ਹੋਰੁ ਪੈਨਣੁ ਖੁਸੀ ਖੁਆਰੁ ॥ ਜਿਤੁ ਪੈਧੈ ਤਨੁ ਪੀੜੀਐ ਮਨ ਮਹਿ ਚਲਹਿ ਵਿਕਾਰ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
O Baba, the pleasures of other clothes are false. Wearing them, the body is ruined, and wickedness and corruption enter into the mind. ||1||Pause||

F. Human Equality

Guru Nanak Sahib promotes Universal brotherhood (presence of God in all of us) and in turn offers scope for peace and prosperity in the world:-

1. ਸਭ ਮਹਿ ਜੋਤਿ ਜੋਤਿ ਹੈ ਸੋਇ ॥ ਤਿਸ ਕੈ ਚਾਨਣਿ ਸਭ ਮਹਿ ਚਾਨਣੁ ਹੋਇ ॥ (Raag Dhanasree M. 1, GGS. 663-8).
The Divine Light is within everyone; You are that Light. Yours is that Light which shines within everyone.

2. ਫਕੜ ਜਾਤੀ ਫਕੜੁ ਨਾਉ ॥ ਸਭਨਾ ਜੀਆ ਇਕਾ ਛਾਉ ॥ (Sri Raag M. 1, GGS. 83-13).
Pride in social status is empty; pride in personal glory is useless. The One Lord gives shade to all beings.

G. Quality Education and Life-style

1. ਵਿਦਿਆ ਵੀਚਾਰੀ ਤਾਂ ਪਰਉਪਕਾਰੀ ॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 356-14).
Contemplate and reflect upon knowledge, and you will become a benefactor to others.

2. ਸਚਹੁ ਓਰੈ ਸਭੁ ਕੋ ਉਪਰਿ ਸਚੁ ਆਚਾਰੁ ॥੫॥ (Sri Raag M. 1, GGS. 62-11).
Truth is higher than everything; but higher still is truthful living. ||5||

3. ਸੂਚੇ ਸੇਈ ਨਾਨਕਾ ਜਿਨ ਮਨਿ ਵਸਿਆ ਸੋਇ ॥੨॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 472-10).
Only they are pure, O Nanak, within whose minds the Lord abides. ||2||

4. ਫਿਟੁ ਇਵੇਹਾ ਜੀਵਿਆ ਜਿਤੁ ਖਾਇ ਵਧਾਇਆ ਪੇਟੁ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਚੇ ਨਾਮ ਵਿਣੁ ਸਭੋ ਦੁਸਮਨੁ ਹੇਤੁ ॥੨॥ (Raag Suhi M. 1, GGS. 790-18).
Cursed is that life, in which one only eats to fill his belly. O Nanak, without the True Name, all one’s friends turn to enemies. ||2||

5. ਮੰਦਾ ਕਿਸੈ ਨ ਆਖੀਐ ਪੜਿ ਅਖਰੁ ਏਹੋ ਬੁਝੀਐ ॥ ਮੂਰਖੈ ਨਾਲਿ ਨ ਲੁਝੀਐ ॥੧੯॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, 473-13).
Do not call anyone bad; read these words, and understand. Don’t argue with fools. ||19||

H. Scientific realm and Expanse of Universe
.
ਪਾਤਾਲਾ ਪਾਤਾਲ ਲਖ ਆਗਾਸਾ ਆਗਾਸ ॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS, 5-2).
There are nether worlds beneath nether worlds, and hundreds of thousands of heavenly worlds above.

I. Respect for Environment/Ecology

– ਪਵਣੁ ਗੁਰੂ ਪਾਣੀ ਪਿਤਾ ਮਾਤਾ ਧਰਤਿ ਮਹਤੁ ॥ (Salok Guru Nanak, GGS. 8-10).
Air is the Guru, Water is the Father, and Earth is the Great Mother of all.

J. Respect for other Faiths

– ਚਾਰੇ ਵੇਦ ਹੋਏ ਸਚਿਆਰ ॥ ਪੜਹਿ ਗੁਣਹਿ ਤਿਨ੍ਹ੍ਹ ਚਾਰ ਵੀਚਾਰ ॥ (Raag Asa, Guru Nanak, GGS. 470-8).
The four Vedas each claim to be true. Reading and studying them, four doctrines are found.

ਭਾਉ ਭਗਤਿ ਕਰਿ ਨੀਚੁ ਸਦਾਏ ॥ ਤਉ ਨਾਨਕ ਮੋਖੰਤਰੁ ਪਾਏ ॥
With loving devotional worship, abiding in humility,

K. Against Rituals

– ਨਾਨਕ ਸਚੇ ਨਾਮ ਬਿਨੁ ਕਿਆ ਟਿਕਾ ਕਿਆ ਤਗੁ ॥੧॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, 467-6).
O Nanak, without the True Name, of what use is the frontal mark of the Hindus, or their sacred thread? ||1|

L. How to reach the Divine Path?

– ਆਪੁ ਗਵਾਈਐ ਤਾ ਸਹੁ ਪਾਈਐ ਅਉਰੁ ਕੈਸੀ ਚਤੁਰਾਈ ॥ Raag Tilang, M.1 GGS. 722-130.
Give up your selfhood, and so obtain your Husband Lord; what other clever tricks are of any use?

– ਭਗਤ ਤੇਰੈ ਮਨਿ ਭਾਵਦੇ ਦਰਿ ਸੋਹਨਿ ਕੀਰਤਿ ਗਾਵਦੇ ॥ (Raag Asa, M. 1, GGS. 468-3).
Your devotees are pleasing to Your Mind, Lord. They look beautiful at Your door, singing Your Praises.
……………………….
ਇਕਿ ਮੂਲੁ ਨ ਬੁਝਨ੍ਹ੍ਹਿ ਆਪਣਾ ਅਣਹੋਦਾ ਆਪੁ ਗਣਾਇਦੇ ॥
Some do not understand their origins, and without cause, they display their self-conceit.

Guru Nanak Sahib himself proclaims the importance of Naam as his only support and PANACEA of all ills:

ਤੇਰਾ ਏਕੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਤਾਰੇ ਸੰਸਾਰੁ ॥ ਮੈ ਏਹਾ ਆਸ ਏਹੋ ਆਧਾਰੁ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (Sri Raag, M. 1, GGS 24).
Your Name alone, Lord, saves the world. This is my hope; this is my support. ||1||Pause||

Panacea of all ills – Repeated twice by Guru Nanak Sahib

1. ਸਾਚੇ ਨਾਮ ਕੀ ਲਾਗੈ ਭੂਖ ॥ ਤਿਤੁ ਭੂਖੈ ਖਾਇ ਚਲੀਅਹਿ ਦੂਖ ॥੧॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 349-7).
If someone feels hunger for the True Name. Then that hunger shall consume his pains. ||1||

2. ਸਾਚੇ ਨਾਮ ਕੀ ਲਾਗੈ ਭੂਖ ॥ ਉਤੁ ਭੂਖੈ ਖਾਇ ਚਲੀਅਹਿ ਦੂਖ ॥੧॥ ( Sodar Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 9-16).
If someone feels hunger for the True Name,That hunger shall consume his pain. ||1||

ਸੋ ਕਿਉ ਵਿਸਰੈ ਮੇਰੀ ਮਾਇ ॥ ਸਾਚਾ ਸਾਹਿਬੁ ਸਾਚੈ ਨਾਇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
How can I forget Him, O my mother? True is the Master, True is His Name. ||1||Pause||

So for a Sikh, it is made clear in the Gurbani to accept that “ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕਾ ਸਿਮਰਨੁ ਸਭ ਤੇ ਊਚਾii” (prabh kaa simaran sabh thae oochaa ).(Raag Gauri, M. 5, GGS. 263) and ਨਾਨਕ ਕੈ ਘਰਿ ਕੇਵਲ ਨਾਮੁ ॥੪॥੪॥ -“naanak kai ghar kaeval naam ||4||4||”- (Raag Bhaira-o, M. 5, GGS. 1136).

Guru Nanak Sahib promulgated a MOTTO:-

Kirat Karo, Naam Japo and Vand Chacko – with an aim to have 100% employment; 100% literacy and Seva/Service for others.

Note: All translations are from the Internet.
_______________________________________________________________________
* Excerpts presented in Wellington Gurduara Sahib on Sunday, the 13th of October, 2019 in connection with 550th Parkash Divas of Guru Nanak Sahib.

Kirpal Singh

Wellington, New Zealand

kirpal2singh@yahoo.com

God – Known by various Names in the Guru Granth Sahib

The Guru of the Sikhs is: “Agam roop gobind ka anik naam aapaar” (the one who everywhere with different names).

The numerous names also appear in the Guru Granth Sahib: Ik Onkar, satnam, kadir kareem, raam, raheem, parmatma, bhagwan, prabhu, rab, allah, khudha, god, yahowa, beethal, madhusudan, madho, akalpurakh, waheguru, khasam, pita, mittar, pranpati, sajjan, bandhap, sakha, bharata, rachanhara, sirjanhara, palanhara, prithpalak, gharanhara, bhanjanhara, gosain, gopal, dinanath, nath, deen-dyal,damodar, karta, harta, bharta, padampat, karunaidh, aad-purak, karta-purak, niranjan, nirankar, pooran purak. datta, bidata,, avtoot, sat-purak, akal-purakh, abinasi-purak, parbhram, parmesar, sat-karta, bhram, dhitman, dharadhar, dharridhar, dhanurpan, gharagket,antarzami, jagdish, banwari, banwali, madhaw,mukandh, murari, bhisambar, amiteshvar, sarabeshvar, jagtesvar, achut, anatarjami, damodar, swami, rikikesh, govardan, murli manohar, jagan-nath, jagjiwan datta, bhu-bhajjan, govind, hari, har etc etc (by courtesy of Prof. Kirpal Singh Badungar, Gurmat Parkash, March 2012 page 9).

“Nirbhu nirankar sach naam ja ki kiaha sagal jahan” (This conveys that the Almighty God is reality who is behind the entire creation).

Guru Nanak Sahib on his own tells who is his Guru though Guru Nanak used ਵਾਹੁ ਵਾਹੁ but not Wah Guru:

ਤਿਸ ਕਉ ਵਾਹੁ ਵਾਹੁ ਜਿ ਵਾਟ ਦਿਖਾਵੈ ॥( Guru Nanak, GGS. 226).
Waaho! Waaho! – Hail, hail, to the one who shows us the Way.

ਤਿਸ ਕਉ ਵਾਹੁ ਵਾਹੁ ਜਿ ਸਬਦੁ ਸੁਣਾਵੈ ॥
Waaho! Waaho! – Hail, hail, to the one who teaches the Word of the Sabd.

ਤਿਸ ਕਉ ਵਾਹੁ ਵਾਹੁ ਜਿ ਮੇਲਿ ਮਿਲਾਵੈ ॥੬॥
Waaho! Waaho! – Hail, hail, to the one who unites me in the Lord’s Union. ||6||

Here Guru Nanak is praising that person, who would show the right way, explain the Sabd and help him know the Almighty God.

Then Guru Nanak Sahib is describing his Guru as follows:

ਗੁਰੁ ਪਉੜੀ ਬੇੜੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਗੁਰੁ ਤੁਲਹਾ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਉ ॥ (Guru Nanak Sahib, GGS. 17).
The Guru is the Ladder, the Guru is the Boat, and the Guru is the Raft to take me to the Lord’s Name.

Here Guru Nanak Sahib says that the one who is a ladder, boat and raft is my Guru to guide me to know the God/Almighty.

Guru Nanak’s Guru is a ladder, boat and raft and is known by numerous names as given above and many more when you include the names given by Guru Gobind Singh Ji in Jaap Sahib. If Guru did not believe in these names, he would have not quoted these in his Bani and likewise the other authors of Bani in the Guru Granth Sahib.

How can one say all these names in one go? Not possible. However, looking at all these and many more names one starts wondering that who is such a wonderful entity who serves as a spiritual ladder, boat and raft for Guru Nanak Sahib? – the answer automatically comes ‘What a Wonderous Guru’ – WAHEGURU, which includes all His names and attributes.

The first Guru of the Sikh is UNDOUBTEDLY the One who is and was the GURU of Guru Nanak, and that is WAHEGURU. All other Gurus and Bhagats and Mahpurakhs testify in the same in the entire Gurbani of the Guru Granth Sahib.

However, the Gurbani points out:-

ਹਰਿ ਜਨ ਹਰਿ ਅੰਤਰੁ ਨਹੀ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਾਚੀ ਮਾਨੁ ॥੨੯॥ ( Salok Guru Teg Bahadur, GGS. 1428-1).
Har Jan Har Anthar Nehee Naanak Saachee Maan ||29||
There is no difference between the Lord and the humble servant of the Lord; O Nanak, know this as true. ||29||

Guru Nanak Sahib is Har Jan – ik mik with WAHEGURU. So Guru Nanak Sahib is God/Waheguru for me. The reasons being various as given below and endorsed by Guru Arjan Dev Ji, The Editor of Adi Granth Sahib and Bhatt Kirat Ji:-

1. ਗੁਰੁ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਮਿਲਿਆ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮੁ ਤੇਰਿਆ ਚਰਣਾ ਕਉ ਬਲਿਹਾਰਾ ॥੪॥੧॥੪੭॥ (Raag Suhi M. 5, GGS. 747-2).
Gur Naanak Miliaa Paarabreham Thaeriaa Charanaa Ko Balihaaraa ||4||1||47||
Guru Nanak has met the Supreme Lord God; I am a sacrifice to Your Feet. ||4||1||47||

2. ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮੁ ਜਿਨਿ ਸਚੁ ਕਰਿ ਜਾਤਾ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਸੋ ਜਨੁ ਸਚਿ ਸਮਾਤਾ ॥੮॥੧੫॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 283-15).
Paarabreham Jin Sach Kar Jaathaa || Naanak So Jan Sach Samaathaa ||8||15||
One who recognizes the Supreme Lord God as True – O Nanak, that humble being is absorbed into the True One. ||8||15||

3. ਸਤਿ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਜਿਨਿ ਜਾਨਿਆ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਤਿਸ ਕਾ ਨਾਉ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, 286-12).
Sath Purakh Jin Jaaniaa Sathigur This Kaa Naao ||
The one who knows the True Lord God, is called the True Guru.

ਤਿਸ ਕੈ ਸੰਗਿ ਸਿਖੁ ਉਧਰੈ ਨਾਨਕ ਹਰਿ ਗੁਨ ਗਾਉ ॥੧॥
This Kai Sang Sikh Oudhharai Naanak Har Gun Gaao ||1||
In His Company, the Sikh is saved, O Nanak, singing the Glorious Praises of the Lord. ||1||

4. ਸਭ ਤੇ ਵਡਾ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਜਿਨਿ ਕਲ ਰਾਖੀ ਮੇਰੀ ॥੪॥੧੦॥੫੭॥ (Raag Suhi M. 5, GGS. 750-4).
Sabh Thae Vaddaa Sathigur Naanak Jin Kal Raakhee Maeree ||4||10||57||
Guru Nanak is the greatest of all; He saved my honor in this Dark Age of Kali Yuga. ||4||10||57||

5. ਜਨਮ ਮਰਣ ਦੁਹਹੂ ਮਹਿ ਨਾਹੀ ਜਨ ਪਰਉਪਕਾਰੀ ਆਏ ॥ (Raag Suhi M. 5, GGS. 749-3).
Janam Maran Dhuhehoo Mehi Naahee Jan Paroupakaaree Aaeae ||
Those generous, humble beings are above both birth and death.

ਜੀਅ ਦਾਨੁ ਦੇ ਭਗਤੀ ਲਾਇਨਿ ਹਰਿ ਸਿਉ ਲੈਨਿ ਮਿਲਾਏ ॥੨॥
Jeea Dhaan Dhae Bhagathee Laaein Har Sio Lain Milaaeae ||2||
They give the gift of the soul, and practice devotional worship; they inspire others to meet the Lord. ||2||

ਸਚਾ ਅਮਰੁ ਸਚੀ ਪਾਤਿਸਾਹੀ ਸਚੇ ਸੇਤੀ ਰਾਤੇ ॥
Sachaa Amar Sachee Paathisaahee Sachae Saethee Raathae ||
True are their commands, and true are their empires; they are attuned to the Truth.

ਸਚਾ ਸੁਖੁ ਸਚੀ ਵਡਿਆਈ ਜਿਸ ਕੇ ਸੇ ਤਿਨਿ ਜਾਤੇ ॥੩॥
Sachaa Sukh Sachee Vaddiaaee Jis Kae Sae Thin Jaathae ||3||
True is their happiness, and true is their greatness. They know the Lord, to whom they belong. ||3||

6. ਆਪਿ ਨਰਾਇਣੁ ਕਲਾ ਧਾਰਿ ਜਗ ਮਹਿ ਪਰਵਰਿਯਉ ॥ (Savaiye (praise of Guru Amar Das) Bhatt Kirat, GGS. 1395-6).
Aap Naraaein Kalaa Dhhaar Jag Mehi Paravariyo ||
The Lord Himself wielded His Power and entered the world.

ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰਿ ਆਕਾਰੁ ਜੋਤਿ ਜਗ ਮੰਡਲਿ ਕਰਿਯਉ ॥
Nirankaar Aakaar Joth Jag Manddal Kariyo ||
The Formless Lord took form, and with His Light He illuminated the realms of the world.

ਜਹ ਕਹ ਤਹ ਭਰਪੂਰੁ ਸਬਦੁ ਦੀਪਕਿ ਦੀਪਾਯਉ ॥
Jeh Keh Theh Bharapoor Sabadh Dheepak Dheepaayo ||
He is All-pervading everywhere; the Lamp of the Shabad, the Word, has been lit.

ਜਿਹ ਸਿਖਹ ਸੰਗ੍ਰਹਿਓ ਤਤੁ ਹਰਿ ਚਰਣ ਮਿਲਾਯਉ ॥
Jih Sikheh Sangrehiou Thath Har Charan Milaayo ||
Whoever gathers in the essence of the teachings shall be absorbed in the Feet of the Lord.

ਨਾਨਕ ਕੁਲਿ ਨਿੰਮਲੁ ਅਵਤਰ੍ਯ੍ਯਿਉ ਅੰਗਦ ਲਹਣੇ ਸੰਗਿ ਹੁਅ ॥
Naanak Kul Ninmal Avathariyo Angadh Lehanae Sang Hua ||
Lehnaa, who became Guru Angad, and Guru Amar Daas, have been reincarnated into the pure house of Guru Nanak.

ਗੁਰ ਅਮਰਦਾਸ ਤਾਰਣ ਤਰਣ ਜਨਮ ਜਨਮ ਪਾ ਸਰਣਿ ਤੁਅ ॥੨॥੧੬॥
Gur Amaradhaas Thaaran Tharan Janam Janam Paa Saran Thua ||2||16||
Guru Amar Daas is our Saving Grace, who carries us across; in lifetime after lifetime, I seek the Sanctuary of Your Feet. ||2||16||

ਜਪੁ ਤਪੁ ਸਤੁ ਸੰਤੋਖੁ ਪਿਖਿ ਦਰਸਨੁ ਗੁਰ ਸਿਖਹ ॥
Jap Thap Sath Santhokh Pikh Dharasan Gur Sikheh ||
Gazing upon the Blessed Vision of His Darshan, the Gursikh is blessed with chanting and deep meditation, truth and contentment.

ਸਰਣਿ ਪਰਹਿ ਤੇ ਉਬਰਹਿ ਛੋਡਿ ਜਮ ਪੁਰ ਕੀ ਲਿਖਹ ॥
Saran Parehi Thae Oubarehi Shhodd Jam Pur Kee Likheh ||
Whoever seeks His Sanctuary is saved; his account is cleared in the City of Death.

ਭਗਤਿ ਭਾਇ ਭਰਪੂਰੁ ਰਿਦੈ ਉਚਰੈ ਕਰਤਾਰੈ ॥
Bhagath Bhaae Bharapoor Ridhai Oucharai Karathaarai ||
His heart is totally filled with loving devotion; he chants to the Creator Lord.

ਗੁਰੁ ਗਉਹਰੁ ਦਰੀਆਉ ਪਲਕ ਡੁਬੰਤ੍ਯ੍ਯਹ ਤਾਰੈ ॥
Gur Gouhar Dhareeaao Palak Ddubanthyeh Thaarai ||
The Guru is the river of pearls; in an instant, he carries the drowning ones across.

ਨਾਨਕ ਕੁਲਿ ਨਿੰਮਲੁ ਅਵਤਰ੍ਯ੍ਯਿਉ ਗੁਣ ਕਰਤਾਰੈ ਉਚਰੈ ॥
Naanak Kul Ninmal Avathariyo Gun Karathaarai Oucharai ||
He was reincarnated into the House of Guru Nanak; He chants the Glorious Praises of the Creator Lord.

ਗੁਰੁ ਅਮਰਦਾਸੁ ਜਿਨ੍ਹ੍ਹ ਸੇਵਿਅਉ ਤਿਨ੍ਹ੍ਹ ਦੁਖੁ ਦਰਿਦ੍ਰੁ ਪਰਹਰਿ ਪਰੈ ॥੩॥੧੭॥
Gur Amaradhaas Jinh Saeviao Thinh Dhukh Dharidhra Parehar Parai ||3||17||
Those who serve Guru Amar Daas – their pains and poverty are taken away, far away. ||3||17||

ਚਿਤਿ ਚਿਤਵਉ ਅਰਦਾਸਿ ਕਹਉ ਪਰੁ ਕਹਿ ਭਿ ਨ ਸਕਉ ॥
Chith Chithavo Aradhaas Keho Par Kehi Bh N Sako ||
I consciously pray within my consciousness, but I cannot express it in words.

ਸਰਬ ਚਿੰਤ ਤੁਝੁ ਪਾਸਿ ਸਾਧਸੰਗਤਿ ਹਉ ਤਕਉ ॥
Sarab Chinth Thujh Paas Saadhhasangath Ho Thako ||
I place all my worries and anxieties before You; I look to the Saadh Sangat, the Company of the Holy, for help.

ਤੇਰੈ ਹੁਕਮਿ ਪਵੈ ਨੀਸਾਣੁ ਤਉ ਕਰਉ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਕੀ ਸੇਵਾ ॥
Thaerai Hukam Pavai Neesaan Tho Karo Saahib Kee Saevaa ||
By the Hukam of Your Command, I am blessed with Your Insignia; I serve my Lord and Master.

ਜਬ ਗੁਰੁ ਦੇਖੈ ਸੁਭ ਦਿਸਟਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਕਰਤਾ ਮੁਖਿ ਮੇਵਾ ॥
Jab Gur Dhaekhai Subh Dhisatt Naam Karathaa Mukh Maevaa ||
When You, O Guru, gaze at me with Your Glance of Grace, the fruit of the Naam, the Name of the Creator, is placed within my mouth.

ਅਗਮ ਅਲਖ ਕਾਰਣ ਪੁਰਖ ਜੋ ਫੁਰਮਾਵਹਿ ਸੋ ਕਹਉ ॥
Agam Alakh Kaaran Purakh Jo Furamaavehi So Keho ||
The Unfathomable and Unseen Primal Lord God, the Cause of causes – as He orders, so do I speak.

ਗੁਰ ਅਮਰਦਾਸ ਕਾਰਣ ਕਰਣ ਜਿਵ ਤੂ ਰਖਹਿ ਤਿਵ ਰਹਉ ॥੪॥੧੮॥
Gur Amaradhaas Kaaran Karan Jiv Thoo Rakhehi Thiv Reho ||4||18||
O Guru Amar Daas, Doer of deeds, Cause of causes, as You keep me, I remain; as You protect me, I survive. ||4||18||

7. ਨਿਰਗੁਨੁ ਆਪਿ ਸਰਗੁਨੁ ਭੀ ਓਹੀ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 287-17).
Niragun Aap Saragun Bhee Ouhee ||
He Himself is absolute and unrelated; He Himself is also involved and related.

ਕਲਾ ਧਾਰਿ ਜਿਨਿ ਸਗਲੀ ਮੋਹੀ ॥
Kalaa Dhhaar Jin Sagalee Mohee ||
Manifesting His power, He fascinates the entire world.

ਅਪਨੇ ਚਰਿਤ ਪ੍ਰਭਿ ਆਪਿ ਬਨਾਏ ॥
Apanae Charith Prabh Aap Banaaeae ||
God Himself sets His play in motion.

ਅਪੁਨੀ ਕੀਮਤਿ ਆਪੇ ਪਾਏ ॥
Apunee Keemath Aapae Paaeae ||
Only He Himself can estimate His worth.

ਹਰਿ ਬਿਨੁ ਦੂਜਾ ਨਾਹੀ ਕੋਇ ॥
Har Bin Dhoojaa Naahee Koe ||
There is none, other than the Lord.

ਸਰਬ ਨਿਰੰਤਰਿ ਏਕੋ ਸੋਇ ॥
Sarab Niranthar Eaeko Soe ||
Permeating all, He is the One.

The above Gurbani quotes point out All Gurus, Bhagats and Mahapurakhs whose Bani is incorporated in the Guru Granth Sahib were Surgun Saroops of God/Waheguru.

With Waheguru’s blessings.

Kirpal Singh
Wellington, New Zealand

kirpal2singh@yahoo.com

Towards 550th Parkash Divas of Guru Nanak Sahib

Guru Nanak Sahib and his Gurmat Messages*

Personality of Guru Nanak Sahib

Guru Nanak Sahib gives a glimpse of his profound association with his Khasam (God/Akalpurakh) in the following verses:-

ਹਉ ਢਾਢੀ ਵੇਕਾਰੁ ਕਾਰੈ ਲਾਇਆ ॥ (Raag Maajh M. 1, GGS. 150-16).
Ho Dtaadtee Vaekaar Kaarai Laaeiaa ||
I was a minstrel, out of work, when the Lord took me into His service.

ਰਾਤਿ ਦਿਹੈ ਕੈ ਵਾਰ ਧੁਰਹੁ ਫੁਰਮਾਇਆ ॥
Raath Dhihai Kai Vaar Dhhurahu Furamaaeiaa ||
To sing His Praises day and night, He gave me His Order, right from the start.

ਢਾਢੀ ਸਚੈ ਮਹਲਿ ਖਸਮਿ ਬੁਲਾਇਆ ॥
Dtaadtee Sachai Mehal Khasam Bulaaeiaa ||
My Lord and Master has summoned me, His minstrel, to the True Mansion of His Presence.

ਸਚੀ ਸਿਫਤਿ ਸਾਲਾਹ ਕਪੜਾ ਪਾਇਆ ॥
Sachee Sifath Saalaah Kaparraa Paaeiaa ||
He has dressed me in the robes of His True Praise and Glory.

ਸਚਾ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਨਾਮੁ ਭੋਜਨੁ ਆਇਆ ॥
Sachaa Anmrith Naam Bhojan Aaeiaa ||
The Ambrosial Nectar of the True Name has become my food.

ਗੁਰਮਤੀ ਖਾਧਾ ਰਜਿ ਤਿਨਿ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਇਆ ॥
Guramathee Khaadhhaa Raj Thin Sukh Paaeiaa ||
Those who follow the Guru’s Teachings, who eat this food and are satisfied, find peace.

ਢਾਢੀ ਕਰੇ ਪਸਾਉ ਸਬਦੁ ਵਜਾਇਆ ॥
Dtaadtee Karae Pasaao Sabadh Vajaaeiaa ||
His minstrel spreads His Glory, singing and vibrating the Word of His Shabad.

ਨਾਨਕ ਸਚੁ ਸਾਲਾਹਿ ਪੂਰਾ ਪਾਇਆ ॥੨੭॥ ਸੁਧੁ
Naanak Sach Saalaahi Pooraa Paaeiaa ||27|| Sudhhu
O Nanak, praising the True Lord, I have obtained His Perfection. ||27||Sudh||

Guru Nanak shows his gratitude to One GOD:-

-ਬਲਿਹਾਰੀ ਗੁਰ ਆਪਣੇ ਦਿਉਹਾੜੀ ਸਦ ਵਾਰ ॥ (Raag Asa, Guru Nanak, GGS. 462-19).
Balihaaree Gur Aapanae Dhiouhaarree Sadh Vaar ||
A hundred times a day, I am a sacrifice to my Guru;

ਜਿਨਿ ਮਾਣਸ ਤੇ ਦੇਵਤੇ ਕੀਏ ਕਰਤ ਨ ਲਾਗੀ ਵਾਰ ॥੧॥
Jin Maanas Thae Dhaevathae Keeeae Karath N Laagee Vaar ||1||
He made angels out of men, without delay. ||1||

One God of Guru Nanak is defined as IK OANKAR in the Mool Mantar in Jap Ji Sahib:-
ੴ ਸਤਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਕਰਤਾ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਨਿਰਭਉ ਨਿਰਵੈਰੁ ਅਕਾਲ ਮੂਰਤਿ ਅਜੂਨੀ ਸੈਭੰ ਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ॥ (Jap Ji Sahib, Guru Nanak, GGS. 1-1).
Ikoankaar Sathnaam Karathaa Purakh Nirabho Niravair Akaal Moorath Ajoonee Saibhan Gurprasaadh||
One Universal Creator God, TheName Is Truth Creative Being Personified No Fear No Hatred Image Of The Undying, Beyond Birth, Self-Existent. By Guru’s Grace.

On the ONENESS of God, Guru Nanak Sahib further proclaims loudly:-

– ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਮੋ ਕਉ ਏਕੁ ਬੁਝਾਇਆ ॥੫॥ (Raag Gauri, Guru Nanak Dev, GGS. 223-6).
Sathigur Mo Ko Eaek Bujhaaeiaa ||5||
The True Guru has led me to understand the One Lord. ||5||

ਏਕੁ ਨਿਰੰਜਨੁ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਜਾਤਾ ॥ ਦੂਜਾ ਮਾਰਿ ਸਬਦਿ ਪਛਾਤਾ ॥੬॥
Eaek Niranjan Guramukh Jaathaa ||Dhoojaa Maar Sabadh Pashhaathaa ||6||
The Gurmukh knows the One Immaculate Lord. Subduing duality, one comes to realize the Word of the Shabad. ||6||

ਏਕੋ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਵਰਤੈ ਸਭ ਲੋਈ ॥ ਏਕਸੁ ਤੇ ਸਭ ਓਪਤਿ ਹੋਈ ॥੭॥
Eaeko Hukam Varathai Sabh Loee ||Eaekas Thae Sabh Oupath Hoee ||7||
The Command of the One Lord prevails throughout all the worlds. From the One, all have arisen. ||7||

ਰਾਹ ਦੋਵੈ ਖਸਮੁ ਏਕੋ ਜਾਣੁ ॥ ਗੁਰ ਕੈ ਸਬਦਿ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਪਛਾਣੁ ॥੮॥
Raah Dhovai Khasam Eaeko Jaan ||Gur Kai Sabadh Hukam Pashhaan ||8||
There are two routes, but remember that their Lord and Master is only One. Through the Word of the Guru’s Shabad, recognize the Hukam of the Lord’s Command. ||8||

ਸਗਲ ਰੂਪ ਵਰਨ ਮਨ ਮਾਹੀ ॥ ਕਹੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਏਕੋ ਸਾਲਾਹੀ ॥੯॥੫॥
Sagal Roop Varan Man Maahee ||Kahu Naanak Eaeko Saalaahee ||9||5||
He is contained in all forms, colors and minds. Says Nanak, praise the One Lord.. ||9||5||

Guru Nanak Sahib gives full credit to Divine Nadr/Gurparsad (Grace) for his emancipation:-

ਜਿਨ ਕਉ ਨਦਰਿ ਕਰਮੁ ਤਿਨ ਕਾਰ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਨਦਰੀ ਨਦਰਿ ਨਿਹਾਲ ॥੩੮॥(Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS. 8-9).
Jin Ko Nadhar Karam Thin Kaar || Naanak Nadharee Nadhar Nihaal ||38||
Such is the karma of those upon whom He has cast His Glance of Grace. O Nanak, the Merciful Lord, by His Grace, uplifts and exalts them. ||38||

Guru Nanak Sahib is Har Jan – ik mik with WAHEGURU. So Guru Nanak Sahib is Sargun Saroop of God/Waheguru for me. The reasons being various as given below and endorsed by Guru Arjan Dev Ji, The Editor of Adi Granth Sahib, Bhatt Kirat Ji and Guru Teg Bahadur Ji and Bhai Gurdas Ji:-

– . ਸਭ ਤੇ ਵਡਾ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਜਿਨਿ ਕਲ ਰਾਖੀ ਮੇਰੀ ॥੪॥੧੦॥੫੭॥ (Raag Suhi M. 5, GGS. 750-4).
Sabh Thae Vaddaa Sathigur Naanak Jin Kal Raakhee Maeree ||4||10||57||
Guru Nanak is the greatest of all; He saved my honor in this Dark Age of Kali Yuga. ||4||10||57||

– ਜਨਮ ਮਰਣ ਦੁਹਹੂ ਮਹਿ ਨਾਹੀ ਜਨ ਪਰਉਪਕਾਰੀ ਆਏ ॥ (Raag Suhi M. 5, GGS.. 749-3).
Janam Maran Dhuhehoo Mehi Naahee Jan Paroupakaaree Aaeae ||
Those generous, humble beings are above both birth and death.

ਜੀਅ ਦਾਨੁ ਦੇ ਭਗਤੀ ਲਾਇਨਿ ਹਰਿ ਸਿਉ ਲੈਨਿ ਮਿਲਾਏ ॥੨॥
Jeea Dhaan Dhae Bhagathee Laaein Har Sio Lain Milaaeae ||2||
They give the gift of the soul, and practice devotional worship; they inspire others to meet the Lord. ||2||

– ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਮਹਿ ਜਨੁ ਜਨ ਮਹਿ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮੁ ॥ ਏਕਹਿ ਆਪਿ ਨਹੀ ਕਛੁ ਭਰਮੁ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 287-3).
Breham Mehi Jan Jan Mehi Paarabreham ||Eaekehi Aap Nehee Kashh Bharam ||
The servant is in God, and God is in the servant. He Himself is One – there is no doubt about this.

– ਸਤਿ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਜਿਨਿ ਜਾਨਿਆ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਤਿਸ ਕਾ ਨਾਉ ॥ ਤਿਸ ਕੈ ਸੰਗਿ ਸਿਖੁ ਉਧਰੈ ਨਾਨਕ ਹਰਿ ਗੁਨ ਗਾਉ ॥੧॥(Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 286-12).
Sath Purakh Jin Jaaniaa Sathigur This Kaa Naao ||This Kai Sang Sikh Oudhharai Naanak Har Gun Gaao ||1||
The one who knows the True Lord God, is called the True Guru. In His Company, the Sikh is saved, O Nanak, singing the Glorious Praises of the Lord. ||1||

– ਨਿਰਗੁਨੁ ਆਪਿ ਸਰਗੁਨੁ ਭੀ ਓਹੀ ॥ ਕਲਾ ਧਾਰਿ ਜਿਨਿ ਸਗਲੀ ਮੋਹੀ ॥(Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 287-17).
Niragun Aap Saragun Bhee Ouhee ||Kalaa Dhhaar Jin Sagalee Mohee ||
He Himself is absolute and unrelated; He Himself is also involved and related. Manifesting His power, He fascinates the entire world.

-. ਗੁਰੁ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਮਿਲਿਆ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮੁ ਤੇਰਿਆ ਚਰਣਾ ਕਉ ਬਲਿਹਾਰਾ ॥੪॥੧॥੪੭॥ (Raag Suhi M. 5, GGS. 747-2).
Gur Naanak Miliaa Paarabreham Thaeriaa Charanaa Ko Balihaaraa ||4||1||47||
Guru Nanak has met the Supreme Lord God; I am a sacrifice to Your Feet. ||4||1||47||

– . ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮੁ ਜਿਨਿ ਸਚੁ ਕਰਿ ਜਾਤਾ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਸੋ ਜਨੁ ਸਚਿ ਸਮਾਤਾ ॥੮॥੧੫॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 283-15).
Paarabreham Jin Sach Kar Jaathaa || Naanak So Jan Sach Samaathaa ||8||15||
One who recognizes the Supreme Lord God as True – O Nanak, that humble being is absorbed into the True One. ||8||15||

– ਆਪਿ ਨਰਾਇਣੁ ਕਲਾ ਧਾਰਿ ਜਗ ਮਹਿ ਪਰਵਰਿਯਉ ॥ (Savaiye (praise of Guru Amar Das) Bhatt Kirat, GGS. 1395-6).
Aap Naraaein Kalaa Dhhaar Jag Mehi Paravariyo ||
The Lord Himself wielded His Power and entered the world.

ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰਿ ਆਕਾਰੁ ਜੋਤਿ ਜਗ ਮੰਡਲਿ ਕਰਿਯਉ ॥
Nirankaar Aakaar Joth Jag Manddal Kariyo ||
The Formless Lord took form, and with His Light He illuminated the realms of the world.

– ਹਰਿ ਜਨ ਹਰਿ ਅੰਤਰੁ ਨਹੀ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਾਚੀ ਮਾਨੁ ॥੨੯॥ ( Salok Guru Teg Bahadur, GGS. 1428-1).
Har Jan Har Anthar Nehee Naanak Saachee Maan ||29||
There is no difference between the Lord and the humble servant of the Lord; O Nanak, know this as true. ||29||

– ਸੁਣੀ ਪੁਕਾਰਿ ਦਾਤਾਰ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਗੁਰੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਜਗ ਮਾਹਿ ਪਠਾਇਆ। (Bhai Gurdas, Vaar 1, Pauri 23, page 1).
Sunee Pukaari Daatar Prabhu Guru Naanak Jag Maahi Pathhaaiaa |
The benefactor Lord listened to the cries (of humanity) and sent Guru Nanak to this world.
………………….

ਕਲਿ ਤਾਰਣ ਗੁਰੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਆਇਆ ॥੨੩॥
Kali Taarani Guru Naanaku Aaiaa ||23 ||
Guru Nanak came to redeem the kaliyug.

The above Gurbani quotes point out that Guru Nanak Sahib enjoyed the grace of Waheguru. As a result he was himself a Surgun Saroop of God/Waheguru (Ik-Mik/ Sito-Sita) . Guru Nam Sahib describes this awastha in Jap Ji Sahib:-

ਕਰਮ ਖੰਡ ਕੀ ਬਾਣੀ ਜੋਰੁ ॥ ਤਿਥੈ ਹੋਰੁ ਨ ਕੋਈ ਹੋਰੁ ॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS. 8-3).
Karam Khandd Kee Baanee Jor || Thithhai Hor N Koee Hor ||
In the realm of karma, the Word is Power.. No one else dwells there,

ਤਿਥੈ ਜੋਧ ਮਹਾਬਲ ਸੂਰ ॥ ਤਿਨ ਮਹਿ ਰਾਮੁ ਰਹਿਆ ਭਰਪੂਰ ॥
Thithhai Jodhh Mehaabal Soor || Thin Mehi Raam Rehiaa Bharapoor ||
Except the warriors of great power, the spiritual heroes. They are totally fulfilled, imbued with the Lord’s Essence.

ਤਿਥੈ ਸੀਤੋ ਸੀਤਾ ਮਹਿਮਾ ਮਾਹਿ ॥ ਤਾ ਕੇ ਰੂਪ ਨ ਕਥਨੇ ਜਾਹਿ ॥
Thithhai Seetho Seethaa Mehimaa Maahi || Thaa Kae Roop N Kathhanae Jaahi ||
Myriads of Sitas are there, cool and calm in their majestic glory. Their beauty cannot be described.

ਨਾ ਓਹਿ ਮਰਹਿ ਨ ਠਾਗੇ ਜਾਹਿ ॥ ਜਿਨ ਕੈ ਰਾਮੁ ਵਸੈ ਮਨ ਮਾਹਿ ॥
Naa Ouhi Marehi N Thaagae Jaahi || Jin Kai Raam Vasai Man Maahi ||
Neither death nor deception comes to those, Within whose minds the Lord abides.

ਤਿਥੈ ਭਗਤ ਵਸਹਿ ਕੇ ਲੋਅ ॥ ਕਰਹਿ ਅਨੰਦੁ ਸਚਾ ਮਨਿ ਸੋਇ ॥
Thithhai Bhagath Vasehi Kae Loa || Karehi Anandh Sachaa Man Soe ||
The devotees of many worlds dwell there. They celebrate; their minds are imbued with the True Lord.

ਸਚ ਖੰਡਿ ਵਸੈ ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰੁ ॥ ਕਰਿ ਕਰਿ ਵੇਖੈ ਨਦਰਿ ਨਿਹਾਲ ॥
Sach Khandd Vasai Nirankaar || Kar Kar Vaekhai Nadhar Nihaal ||
In the realm of Truth, the Formless Lord abides.
Having created the creation, He watches over it. By His Glance of Grace, He bestows happiness.

As a result, Guru Nanak was so versatile to address the various aspects of Universal Humanity, such as:-

A. Spiritual Guidance

1. ਪਵਨ ਅਰੰਭੁ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਮਤਿ ਵੇਲਾ ॥ (Raag Raamkali M. 1, GGS. 943-1).
Pavan Aranbh Sathigur Math Vaelaa ||
From the air came the beginning. This is the age of the True Guru’s Teachings..
ਸਬਦੁ ਗੁਰੂ ਸੁਰਤਿ ਧੁਨਿ ਚੇਲਾ ॥
Sabadh Guroo Surath Dhhun Chaelaa ||
The Shabad is the Guru, upon whom I lovingly focus my consciousness; I am the chaylaa, the disciple.
2. ਸਿਖੀ ਸਿਖਿਆ ਗੁਰ ਵੀਚਾਰਿ ॥(Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 465-10).
Sikhee Sikhiaa Gur Veechaar ||
Contemplating the Guru, I have been taught these teachings;
3. ਗੁਰਾ ਇਕ ਦੇਹਿ ਬੁਝਾਈ ॥ (Japji, GGS. 2)
guraa eik dhaehi bujhaaee ||
The Guru has given me this one understanding:
ਸਭਨਾ ਜੀਆ ਕਾ ਇਕੁ ਦਾਤਾ ਸੋ ਮੈ ਵਿਸਰਿ ਨ ਜਾਈ ॥੫॥
(sabhanaa jeeaa kaa eik dhaathaa so mai visar n jaaee ||5||
there is only the One, the Giver of all souls. May I never forget Him! ||5||
4.. ਸਬਦੁ ਬੀਚਾਰਿ ਭਏ ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰੀ ॥ (Raag Raamkalee, M. 1, GGS 904).
sabadh beechaar bheae nirankaaree ||
Contemplating the Shabad, we become Nirankaari – we come to belong to the Formless Lord God.
ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਜਾਗੇ ਦੁਰਮਤਿ ਪਰਹਾਰੀ ॥
guramath jaagae dhuramath parehaaree ||
awakening to the Guru’s Teachings, evil-mindedness is taken away.

B. Spiritual Path (Marg) and Satsangat

1.ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਵੇਲਾ ਸਚੁ ਨਾਉ ਵਡਿਆਈ ਵੀਚਾਰੁ ॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS. 2-5).
Anmrith Vaelaa Sach Naao Vaddiaaee Veechaar ||
In the Amrit Vaylaa, the ambrosial hours before dawn, chant the True Name, and contemplate His Glorious Greatness.
ਕਰਮੀ ਆਵੈ ਕਪੜਾ ਨਦਰੀ ਮੋਖੁ ਦੁਆਰੁ ॥
Karamee Aavai Kaparraa Nadharee Mokh Dhuaar ||
By the karma of past actions, the robe of this physical body is obtained. By His Grace, the Gate of Liberation is found.
ਨਾਨਕ ਏਵੈ ਜਾਣੀਐ ਸਭੁ ਆਪੇ ਸਚਿਆਰੁ ॥੪॥
Naanak Eaevai Jaaneeai Sabh Aapae Sachiaar ||4||
O Nanak, know this well: the True One Himself is All. ||4||
2. ਮਨਿ ਜੀਤੈ ਜਗੁ ਜੀਤੁ ॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS. 6-17).
Man Jeethai Jag Jeeth ||
Conquer your own mind, and conquer the world.
3. ਸਤਸੰਗਤਿ ਕੈਸੀ ਜਾਣੀਐ ॥ (Raag Sriraag, M. 1, GGS 72).
sathasangath kaisee jaaneeai ||
How is the Society of the Saints to be known?
ਜਿਥੈ ਏਕੋ ਨਾਮੁ ਵਖਾਣੀਐ ॥
jithhai eaeko naam vakhaaneeai ||
There, the Name of the One Lord is chanted.

C. Economic needs and prosperity

1. ਕੀਤਾ ਲੋੜੀਐ ਕੰਮੁ ਸੁ ਹਰਿ ਪਹਿ ਆਖੀਐ ॥ (Raag Sri Rag M. 1, GGS 91)
keethaa lorreeai kanm s har pehi aakheeai || Whatever work you wish to accomplish-tell it to the Lord
ਕਾਰਜੁ ਦੇਇ ਸਵਾਰਿ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਸਚੁ ਸਾਖੀਐ ॥
kaaraj dhaee savaar sathigur sach saakheeai ||
He will resolve your affairs; the True Guru gives His Guarantee of Truth.
2. . ਸਾਈ ਵਸਤੁ ਪਰਾਪਤਿ ਹੋਈ ਜਿਸੁ ਸੇਤੀ ਮਨੁ ਲਾਇਆ II (Raag Soohee, M. 1, GGS 764).
saaee vasath paraapath hoee jis saethee man laaeiaa ||
I have obtained that thing, which my mind desired.
3. ਘਾਲਿ ਖਾਇ ਕਿਛੁ ਹਥਹੁ ਦੇਇ ॥ (Raag Saran, M. 1, GGS 1245).
ghaal khaae kishh hathhahu dhaee ||
One who works for what he eats, and gives some of what he has.
ਨਾਨਕ ਰਾਹੁ ਪਛਾਣਹਿ ਸੇਇ ॥੧॥
naanak raahu pashhaanehi saee ||1||
– O Nanak, he knows the Path. ||1||

D. Personality Development

1. ਮਿਠਤੁ ਨੀਵੀ ਨਾਨਕਾ ਗੁਣ ਚੰਗਿਆਈਆ ਤਤੁ ॥ ( Raag Aasaa, M. 1, GGS 470).
mithath neevee naanakaa gun changiaaeeaa thath ||
Sweetness and humility, O Nanak, are the essence of virtue and goodness.
2. ਨਾਨਕ ਫਿਕੈ ਬੋਲਿਐ ਤਨੁ ਮਨੁ ਫਿਕਾ ਹੋਇ ॥ ( Raag Aasaa, M. 1, GGS 473).
naanak fikai boliai than man fikaa hoe ||
O Nanak, speaking insipid words, the body and mind become insipid.
3. ਕੂੜ ਨਿਖੁਟੇ ਨਾਨਕਾ ਓੜਕਿ ਸਚਿ ਰਹੀ ॥੨॥ (Raag Raamkalee M. 1, GGS 953).
koorr nikhuttae naanakaa ourrak sach rehee ||2||
Falsehood will come to an end, O Nanak, and Truth will prevail in the end. ||2||

4. ਫਿਟੁ ਇਵੇਹਾ ਜੀਵਿਆ ਜਿਤੁ ਖਾਇ ਵਧਾਇਆ ਪੇਟੁ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਚੇ ਨਾਮ ਵਿਣੁ ਸਭੋ ਦੁਸਮਨੁ ਹੇਤੁ ॥੨॥ (Raag Suhi M. 1, GGS. 790-18).
Fitt Eivaehaa Jeeviaa Jith Khaae Vadhhaaeiaa Paett ||

Cursed is that life, in which one only eats to fill his belly. O Nanak, without the True Name, all one’s friends turn to enemies. ||2||

5. ਮੰਦਾ ਕਿਸੈ ਨ ਆਖੀਐ ਪੜਿ ਅਖਰੁ ਏਹੋ ਬੁਝੀਐ ॥ ਮੂਰਖੈ ਨਾਲਿ ਨ ਲੁਝੀਐ ॥੧੯॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, 473-13).
Mandhaa Kisai N Aakheeai Parr Akhar Eaeho Bujheeai ||
Do not call anyone bad; read these words, and understand. Don’t argue with fools. ||19||

E. Social Reforms

1. ਸੋ ਕਿਉ ਮੰਦਾ ਆਖੀਐ ਜਿਤੁ ਜੰਮਹਿ ਰਾਜਾਨ ॥ ((Rag Asaasa M. 1, GGS 473-9).
So Kio Mandhaa Aakheeai Jith Janmehi Raajaan ||
So why call her bad? From her, kings are born.
ਭੰਡਹੁ ਹੀ ਭੰਡੁ ਊਪਜੈ ਭੰਡੈ ਬਾਝੁ ਨ ਕੋਇ ॥
bhanddahu hee bhandd oopajai bhanddai baajh n koe |
From woman, woman is born; without woman, there would be no one at all.
ਨਾਨਕ ਭੰਡੈ ਬਾਹਰਾ ਏਕੋ ਸਚਾ ਸੋਇ ॥
naanak bhanddai baaharaa eaeko sachaa soe ||
O Nanak, only the True Lord is without a woman
2. ਹਕੁ ਪਰਾਇਆ ਨਾਨਕਾ ਉਸੁ ਸੂਅਰ ਉਸੁ ਗਾਇ ॥ (Raag Maajh M. 1, GGS. 141-1).
Hak Paraaeiaa Naanakaa Ous Sooar Ous Gaae ||
To take what rightfully belongs to another, is like a Muslim eating pork, or a Hindu eating beef.
3. ਜੇ ਲੋੜਹਿ ਚੰਗਾ ਆਪਣਾ ਕਰਿ ਪੁੰਨਹੁ ਨੀਚੁ ਸਦਾਈਐ ॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 465-16).
Jae Lorrehi Changaa Aapanaa Kar Punnahu Neech Sadhaaeeai ||
If you yearn for goodness, then perform good deeds and feel humble.
4. ਬਾਬਾ ਹੋਰੁ ਖਾਣਾ ਖੁਸੀ ਖੁਆਰੁ ॥ (Sri Raag M.1, GGS. 16-13).
Baabaa Hor Khaanaa Khusee Khuaar ||
O Baba, the pleasures of other foods are false.
ਜਿਤੁ ਖਾਧੈ ਤਨੁ ਪੀੜੀਐ ਮਨ ਮਹਿ ਚਲਹਿ ਵਿਕਾਰ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
Jith Khaadhhai Than Peerreeai Man Mehi Chalehi Vikaar ||1|| Rehaao ||
Eating them, the body is ruined, and wickedness and corruption enter into the mind. ||1||Pause||
………..
ਬਾਬਾ ਹੋਰੁ ਪੈਨਣੁ ਖੁਸੀ ਖੁਆਰੁ ॥
Baabaa Hor Painan Khusee Khuaar ||
O Baba, the pleasures of other clothes are false.
ਜਿਤੁ ਪੈਧੈ ਤਨੁ ਪੀੜੀਐ ਮਨ ਮਹਿ ਚਲਹਿ ਵਿਕਾਰ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
Jith Paidhhai Than Peerreeai Man Mehi Chalehi Vikaar ||1|| Rehaao ||
Wearing them, the body is ruined, and wickedness and corruption enter into the mind. ||1||Pause||

F. Human Equality

Guru Nanak Sahib promotes Universal brotherhood (presence of God in all of us) and in turn offers scope for peace and prosperity in the world:-
1. ਸਭ ਮਹਿ ਜੋਤਿ ਜੋਤਿ ਹੈ ਸੋਇ ॥ (Raag Dhanasree M. 1, GGS. 663-8).
Sabh Mehi Joth Joth Hai Soe ||
The Divine Light is within everyone; You are that Light.
ਤਿਸ ਕੈ ਚਾਨਣਿ ਸਭ ਮਹਿ ਚਾਨਣੁ ਹੋਇ ॥
This Kai Chaanan Sabh Mehi Chaanan Hoe ||
Yours is that Light which shines within everyone.
2. ਫਕੜ ਜਾਤੀ ਫਕੜੁ ਨਾਉ ॥ (Sri Raag M. 1, GGS. 83-13).
Fakarr Jaathee Fakarr Naao ||
Pride in social status is empty; pride in personal glory is useless.
ਸਭਨਾ ਜੀਆ ਇਕਾ ਛਾਉ ॥
Sabhanaa Jeeaa Eikaa Shhaao ||
The One Lord gives shade to all beings.

G. Quality Education and Life-style

1. ਵਿਦਿਆ ਵੀਚਾਰੀ ਤਾਂ ਪਰਉਪਕਾਰੀ ॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 356-14).
Vidhiaa Veechaaree Thaan Paroupakaaree ||
Contemplate and reflect upon knowledge, and you will become a benefactor to others.
2. ਸਚਹੁ ਓਰੈ ਸਭੁ ਕੋ ਉਪਰਿ ਸਚੁ ਆਚਾਰੁ ॥੫॥ (Sri Raag M. 1, GGS. 62-11).
Sachahu Ourai Sabh Ko Oupar Sach Aachaar ||5||
Truth is higher than everything; but higher still is truthful living. ||5||
3. ਸੂਚੇ ਸੇਈ ਨਾਨਕਾ ਜਿਨ ਮਨਿ ਵਸਿਆ ਸੋਇ ॥੨॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 472-10).
Soochae Saeee Naanakaa Jin Man Vasiaa Soe ||2||
Only they are pure, O Nanak, within whose minds the Lord abides. ||2||

H. Scientific realm and Expanse of Universe

ਪਾਤਾਲਾ ਪਾਤਾਲ ਲਖ ਆਗਾਸਾ ਆਗਾਸ ॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak, GGS, 5-2).
Paathaalaa Paathaal Lakh Aagaasaa Aagaas ||
There are nether worlds beneath nether worlds, and hundreds of thousands of heavenly worlds above.
ਓੜਕ ਓੜਕ ਭਾਲਿ ਥਕੇ ਵੇਦ ਕਹਨਿ ਇਕ ਵਾਤ ॥
Ourrak Ourrak Bhaal Thhakae Vaedh Kehan Eik Vaath ||
The Vedas say that you can search and search for them all, until you grow weary.
ਸਹਸ ਅਠਾਰਹ ਕਹਨਿ ਕਤੇਬਾ ਅਸੁਲੂ ਇਕੁ ਧਾਤੁ ॥
Sehas Athaareh Kehan Kathaebaa Asuloo Eik Dhhaath ||
The scriptures say that there are 18,000 worlds, but in reality, there is only One Universe.
ਲੇਖਾ ਹੋਇ ਤ ਲਿਖੀਐ ਲੇਖੈ ਹੋਇ ਵਿਣਾਸੁ ॥
Laekhaa Hoe Th Likheeai Laekhai Hoe Vinaas ||
If you try to write an account of this, you will surely finish yourself before you finish writing it.
ਨਾਨਕ ਵਡਾ ਆਖੀਐ ਆਪੇ ਜਾਣੈ ਆਪੁ ॥੨੨॥
Naanak Vaddaa Aakheeai Aapae Jaanai Aap ||22||
O Nanak, call Him Great! He Himself knows Himself. ||22||

I. Respect for Environment

1.ਬਲਿਹਾਰੀ ਕੁਦਰਤਿ ਵਸਿਆ ॥ (Raag Asa, Guru Nanak, GGS. 469-10).
Balihaaree Kudharath Vasiaa ||
I am a sacrifice to Your almighty creative power which is pervading everywhere.
2. ਪਵਣੁ ਗੁਰੂ ਪਾਣੀ ਪਿਤਾ ਮਾਤਾ ਧਰਤਿ ਮਹਤੁ ॥ ਦਿਵਸੁ ਰਾਤਿ ਦੁਇ ਦਾਈ ਦਾਇਆ ਖੇਲੈ ਸਗਲ ਜਗਤੁ ॥ (Salok Guru Nanak, GGS. 8-10).
Pavan Guroo Paanee Pithaa Maathaa Dhharath Mehath || Dhivas Raath Dhue Dhaaee Dhaaeiaa Khaelai Sagal Jagath ||
Air is the Guru, Water is the Father, and Earth is the Great Mother of all. Day and night are the two nurses, in whose lap all the world is at play.

J. Respect towards different Faiths

ਚਾਰੇ ਵੇਦ ਹੋਏ ਸਚਿਆਰ ॥ ਪੜਹਿ ਗੁਣਹਿ ਤਿਨ੍ਹ੍ਹ ਚਾਰ ਵੀਚਾਰ ॥ (Raag Asa, M.1, GGS. 470-8)
Chaarae Vaedh Hoeae Sachiaar || Parrehi Gunehi Thinh Chaar Veechaar ||
The four Vedas each claim to be true. Reading and studying them, four doctrines are found.

ਭਾਉ ਭਗਤਿ ਕਰਿ ਨੀਚੁ ਸਦਾਏ ॥ ਤਉ ਨਾਨਕ ਮੋਖੰਤਰੁ ਪਾਏ ॥੨॥
Bhaao Bhagath Kar Neech Sadhaaeae || Tho Naanak Mokhanthar Paaeae ||2||
With loving devotional worship, abiding in humility, O Nanak, salvation is attained. ||2||

When translated in simple words it reads:-
i).Love for God/Waheguru ii). devotional worship with iii). total loss of one’s ego/houmai/duality (abiding in humility iv). The above three steps lead to the final state of attaining Salvation.

K. Against Rituals

– ਨਾਨਕ ਸਚੇ ਨਾਮ ਬਿਨੁ ਕਿਆ ਟਿਕਾ ਕਿਆ ਤਗੁ ॥੧॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, 467-6).
Nanak sache naam bin kya tikka kya tag?
O Nanak, without the True Name, of what use is the frontal mark of the Hindus, or their sacred thread? ||

L. How to reach the Divine Path?

1. ਆਪੁ ਗਵਾਈਐ ਤਾ ਸਹੁ ਪਾਈਐ ਅਉਰੁ ਕੈਸੀ ਚਤੁਰਾਈ ॥ Raag Tilang, M.1 GGS. 722-130.
Aap Gavaaeeai Thaa Sahu Paaeeai Aour Kaisee Chathuraaee ||
Give up your selfhood, and so obtain your Husband Lord; what other clever tricks are of any use?
2. ਭਗਤ ਤੇਰੈ ਮਨਿ ਭਾਵਦੇ ਦਰਿ ਸੋਹਨਿ ਕੀਰਤਿ ਗਾਵਦੇ ॥ (Raag Asa, M. 1, GGS. 468-3).
Bhagath Thaerai Man Bhaavadhae Dhar Sohan Keerath Gaavadhae ||
Your devotees are pleasing to Your Mind, Lord. They look beautiful at Your door, singing Your Praises.
………………………..
ਇਕਿ ਮੂਲੁ ਨ ਬੁਝਨ੍ਹ੍ਹਿ ਆਪਣਾ ਅਣਹੋਦਾ ਆਪੁ ਗਣਾਇਦੇ ॥
Eik Mool N Bujhanih Aapanaa Anehodhaa Aap Ganaaeidhae ||
Some do not understand their origins, and without cause, they display their self-conceit.

Guru Nanak Sahib himself proclaimed the importance of Naam as his only support in the following verse:-

ਤੇਰਾ ਏਕੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਤਾਰੇ ਸੰਸਾਰੁ ॥ ਮੈ ਏਹਾ ਆਸ ਏਹੋ ਆਧਾਰੁ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (Sri Raag, M. 1, GGS 24).
thaeraa eaek naam thaarae sansaar || mai eaehaa aas eaeho aadhhaar ||1|| rehaao ||
Your Name alone, Lord, saves the world. This is my hope; this is my support. ||1||Pause||

Panacea of all ills – Repeated twice by Guru Nanak Sahib:-

1. ਸਾਚੇ ਨਾਮ ਕੀ ਲਾਗੈ ਭੂਖ ॥ ਤਿਤੁ ਭੂਖੈ ਖਾਇ ਚਲੀਅਹਿ ਦੂਖ ॥੧॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 349-7).
Saachae Naam Kee Laagai Bhookh || Thith Bhookhai Khaae Chaleeahi Dhookh ||1||
If someone feels hunger for the True Name. Then that hunger shall consume his pains. ||1||

2. ਸਾਚੇ ਨਾਮ ਕੀ ਲਾਗੈ ਭੂਖ ॥ ਉਤੁ ਭੂਖੈ ਖਾਇ ਚਲੀਅਹਿ ਦੂਖ ॥੧॥ ( Sodar Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 9-16).
Saachae Naam Kee Laagai Bhookh || Outh Bhookhai Khaae Chaleeahi Dhookh ||1||
If someone feels hunger for the True Name,That hunger shall consume his pain. ||1||

ਸੋ ਕਿਉ ਵਿਸਰੈ ਮੇਰੀ ਮਾਇ ॥ ਸਾਚਾ ਸਾਹਿਬੁ ਸਾਚੈ ਨਾਇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
So Kio Visarai Maeree Maae || Saachaa Saahib Saachai Naae ||1|| Rehaao ||
How can I forget Him, O my mother? True is the Master, True is His Name. ||1||Pause||

So for a Sikh, it is made clear in the Gurbani to accept that “ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕਾ ਸਿਮਰਨੁ ਸਭ ਤੇ ਊਚਾii” (prabh kaa simaran sabh thae oochaa ).(Raag Gauri, M. 5, GGS. 263) and ਨਾਨਕ ਕੈ ਘਰਿ ਕੇਵਲ ਨਾਮੁ ॥੪॥੪॥ -“naanak kai ghar kaeval naam ||4||4||”- (Raag Bhaira-o, M. 5, GGS. 1136).
Note: All translations are from the Internet

With Waheguru’s blessings
Kirpal Singh
Wellington, New Zealand
kirpal2singh@yahoo.com
——————————————————————————————————————
*Towards 550th Parkash Divas of Guru Nanak Sahib. Excerpts to be presented in Wellington Gurduara Sahib on Sunday, 13th October 2019.

 

 

 

 

Stratling Strength of Some Gurbani Sabds

This is just a humble attempt to elaborate on the followings Sabds which were close to my heart from my childhood while being a student of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Khalsa Higher Secondary School, Karol Bagh/Dev Nagar, New Delhi. These has ever stood with me in spirit in guiding and providing adequate strength in life till date.

ਤੂੰ ਮੇਰਾ ਰਾਖਾ ਸਭਨੀ ਥਾਈ ਤਾ ਭਉ ਕੇਹਾ ਕਾੜਾ ਜੀਉ ॥੧॥ – ‘Toon mera rakha sabni thaien…..’ Could this be a reality borne simple lesson ingrained on one’s mind in early childhood as an imprint to guide in rest of one’s life out of simple grace/kirpa/gurparsad of Waheguru?

In order to stay protected under all circumstances, one needs to have Almighty on one’s side as a composite of father, mother, brother and other relatives. When Waheguru is in the Driving Seat of one’s life, a personal relationship with Almighty develops with a loss of one’s houmai/ego bring total trust and faith in Divine Will operating in the Universe. This leads to an awastha of Sehaj being engrossed in Waheguru Simran and forgetting of worldly worries.

ਤੂੰ ਮੇਰਾ ਪਿਤਾ ਤੂੰਹੈ ਮੇਰਾ ਮਾਤਾ ॥ ਤੂੰ ਮੇਰਾ ਬੰਧਪੁ ਤੂੰ ਮੇਰਾ ਭ੍ਰਾਤਾ ॥ (Raag Maajh M. 5, GGS. 103-12).
Thoon Maeraa Pithaa Thoonhai Maeraa Maathaa || Thoon Maeraa Bandhhap Thoon Maeraa Bhraathaa ||
You are my Father, and You are my Mother. You are my Relative, and You are my Brother.

ਤੂੰ ਮੇਰਾ ਰਾਖਾ ਸਭਨੀ ਥਾਈ ਤਾ ਭਉ ਕੇਹਾ ਕਾੜਾ ਜੀਉ ॥੧॥
Thoon Maeraa Raakhaa Sabhanee Thhaaee Thaa Bho Kaehaa Kaarraa Jeeo ||1||
You are my Protector everywhere; why should I feel any fear or anxiety? ||1||

ਤੁਮਰੀ ਕ੍ਰਿਪਾ ਤੇ ਤੁਧੁ ਪਛਾਣਾ ॥ ਤੂੰ ਮੇਰੀ ਓਟ ਤੂੰਹੈ ਮੇਰਾ ਮਾਣਾ ॥
Thumaree Kirapaa Thae Thudhh Pashhaanaa || Thoon Maeree Outt Thoonhai Maeraa Maanaa ||
By Your Grace, I recognize You. You are my Shelter, and You are my Honor.

ਤੁਝ ਬਿਨੁ ਦੂਜਾ ਅਵਰੁ ਨ ਕੋਈ ਸਭੁ ਤੇਰਾ ਖੇਲੁ ਅਖਾੜਾ ਜੀਉ ॥੨॥
Thujh Bin Dhoojaa Avar N Koee Sabh Thaeraa Khael Akhaarraa Jeeo ||2||
Without You, there is no other; the entire Universe is the Arena of Your Play. ||2||

ਜੀਅ ਜੰਤ ਸਭਿ ਤੁਧੁ ਉਪਾਏ ॥ ਜਿਤੁ ਜਿਤੁ ਭਾਣਾ ਤਿਤੁ ਤਿਤੁ ਲਾਏ ॥
Jeea Janth Sabh Thudhh Oupaaeae || Jith Jith Bhaanaa Thith Thith Laaeae ||
You have created all beings and creatures. As it pleases You, You assign tasks to one and all.

ਸਭ ਕਿਛੁ ਕੀਤਾ ਤੇਰਾ ਹੋਵੈ ਨਾਹੀ ਕਿਛੁ ਅਸਾੜਾ ਜੀਉ ॥੩॥
Sabh Kishh Keethaa Thaeraa Hovai Naahee Kishh Asaarraa Jeeo ||3||
All things are Your Doing; we can do nothing ourselves. ||3||

ਨਾਮੁ ਧਿਆਇ ਮਹਾ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਇਆ ॥ ਹਰਿ ਗੁਣ ਗਾਇ ਮੇਰਾ ਮਨੁ ਸੀਤਲਾਇਆ ॥
Naam Dhhiaae Mehaa Sukh Paaeiaa || Har Gun Gaae Maeraa Man Seethalaaeiaa ||
Meditating on the Naam, I have found great peace. Singing the Glorious Praises of the Lord, my mind is cooled and soothed.

ਗੁਰਿ ਪੂਰੈ ਵਜੀ ਵਾਧਾਈ ਨਾਨਕ ਜਿਤਾ ਬਿਖਾੜਾ ਜੀਉ ॥੪॥੨੪॥੩੧॥
Gur Poorai Vajee Vaadhhaaee Naanak Jithaa Bikhaarraa Jeeo ||4||24||31||
Through the Perfect Guru, congratulations are pouring in-Nanak is victorious on the arduous battlefield of life! ||4||24||31||

On taking the sanctuary of Waheguru, the awareness of strength of Almighty becomes handy to guide through the battlefield of life with a promise – “ਬਿਰਥਾ ਕੋਇ ਨ ਜਾਇ ਜਿ ਆਵੈ ਤੁਧੁ ਆਹਿ “॥੯॥ (Divine Promise):-

ਤਿਥੈ ਤੂ ਸਮਰਥੁ ਜਿਥੈ ਕੋਇ ਨਾਹਿ ॥ ਓਥੈ ਤੇਰੀ ਰਖ ਅਗਨੀ ਉਦਰ ਮਾਹਿ ॥ (Raag Raamkali, M. 5, GGS. 962-1).
Thithhai Thoo Samarathh Jithhai Koe Naahi || Outhhai Thaeree Rakh Aganee Oudhar Maahi ||
Where You are, Almighty Lord, there is no one else.There, in the fire of the mother’s womb, You protected us.

ਸੁਣਿ ਕੈ ਜਮ ਕੇ ਦੂਤ ਨਾਇ ਤੇਰੈ ਛਡਿ ਜਾਹਿ ॥ ਭਉਜਲੁ ਬਿਖਮੁ ਅਸਗਾਹੁ ਗੁਰ ਸਬਦੀ ਪਾਰਿ ਪਾਹਿ ॥
Sun Kai Jam Kae Dhooth Naae Thaerai Shhadd Jaahi || Bhoujal Bikham Asagaahu Gur Sabadhee Paar Paahi ||
Hearing Your Name, the Messenger of Death runs away. The terrifying, treacherous, impassible world-ocean is crossed over, through the Word of the Guru’s Shabad.

ਜਿਨ ਕਉ ਲਗੀ ਪਿਆਸ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤੁ ਸੇਇ ਖਾਹਿ ॥ ਕਲਿ ਮਹਿ ਏਹੋ ਪੁੰਨੁ ਗੁਣ ਗੋਵਿੰਦ ਗਾਹਿ ॥
Jin Ko Lagee Piaas Anmrith Saee Khaahi || Kal Mehi Eaeho Punn Gun Govindh Gaahi ||
Those who feel thirst for You, take in Your Ambrosial Nectar. This is the only act of goodness in this Dark Age of Kali Yuga, to sing the Glorious Praises of the Lord of the Universe.

ਸਭਸੈ ਨੋ ਕਿਰਪਾਲੁ ਸਮ੍ਹ੍ਹਾਲੇ ਸਾਹਿ ਸਾਹਿ ॥ ਬਿਰਥਾ ਕੋਇ ਨ ਜਾਇ ਜਿ ਆਵੈ ਤੁਧੁ ਆਹਿ ॥੯॥ (Divine Promise)
Sabhasai No Kirapaal Samhaalae Saahi Saahi || Birathhaa Koe N Jaae J Aavai Thudhh Aahi ||9||
He is Merciful to all; He sustains us with each and every breath. Those who come to You with love and faith are never turned away empty-handed. ||9||

Closeness to Almighty develops in one a high degree of humbleness and a sense of gratitude for Divine guidance through life to acknowledge the following while being immerssed in Waheguru’s name:-

ਤੇਰਾ ਕੀਤਾ ਜਾਤੋ ਨਾਹੀ ਮੈਨੋ ਜੋਗੁ ਕੀਤੋਈ ॥ (Mundaavani M. 5, GGS. 1429-14).
Thaeraa Keethaa Jaatho Naahee Maino Jog Keethoee ||
I have not appreciated what You have done for me, Lord; only You can make me worthy.

ਮੈ ਨਿਰਗੁਣਿਆਰੇ ਕੋ ਗੁਣੁ ਨਾਹੀ ਆਪੇ ਤਰਸੁ ਪਇਓਈ ॥
Mai Niraguniaarae Ko Gun Naahee Aapae Tharas Paeiouee ||
I am unworthy – I have no worth or virtues at all. You have taken pity on me.

ਤਰਸੁ ਪਇਆ ਮਿਹਰਾਮਤਿ ਹੋਈ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਸਜਣੁ ਮਿਲਿਆ ॥
Tharas Paeiaa Miharaamath Hoee Sathigur Sajan Miliaa ||
You took pity on me, and blessed me with Your Mercy, and I have met the True Guru, my Friend.

ਨਾਨਕ ਨਾਮੁ ਮਿਲੈ ਤਾਂ ਜੀਵਾਂ ਤਨੁ ਮਨੁ ਥੀਵੈ ਹਰਿਆ ॥੧॥
Naanak Naam Milai Thaan Jeevaan Than Man Thheevai Hariaa ||1||
O Nanak, if I am blessed with the Naam, I live, and my body and mind blossom forth. ||1||

The next stage brings one to ‘ਥਿਰੁ ਘਰਿ ਬੈਸਹੁ ਹਰਿ ਜਨ ਪਿਆਰੇ ॥’ with a rise in status as ‘ਹਰਿ ਜਨ ਪਿਆਰੇ’ and
with a promise – ‘ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਤੁਮਰੇ ਕਾਜ ਸਵਾਰੇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥’ by taking away all troubles and worries as a proctector:-

ਥਿਰੁ ਘਰਿ ਬੈਸਹੁ ਹਰਿ ਜਨ ਪਿਆਰੇ ॥ ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਤੁਮਰੇ ਕਾਜ ਸਵਾਰੇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 201-6).
Thhir Ghar Baisahu Har Jan Piaarae || Sathigur Thumarae Kaaj Savaarae ||1|| Rehaao ||
Remain steady in the home of your own self, O beloved servant of the Lord. The True Guru shall resolve all your affairs. ||1||Pause||

ਦੁਸਟ ਦੂਤ ਪਰਮੇਸਰਿ ਮਾਰੇ ॥ ਜਨ ਕੀ ਪੈਜ ਰਖੀ ਕਰਤਾਰੇ ॥੧॥
Dhusatt Dhooth Paramaesar Maarae || Jan Kee Paij Rakhee Karathaarae ||1||
The Transcendent Lord has struck down the wicked and the evil. The Creator has preserved the honor of His servant. ||1||

ਬਾਦਿਸਾਹ ਸਾਹ ਸਭ ਵਸਿ ਕਰਿ ਦੀਨੇ ॥ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਨਾਮ ਮਹਾ ਰਸ ਪੀਨੇ ॥੨॥
Baadhisaah Saah Sabh Vas Kar Dheenae || Anmrith Naam Mehaa Ras Peenae ||2||
The kings and emperors are all under his power; He drinks deeply of the most sublime essence of the Ambrosial Naam. ||2||

ਨਿਰਭਉ ਹੋਇ ਭਜਹੁ ਭਗਵਾਨ ॥ ਸਾਧਸੰਗਤਿ ਮਿਲਿ ਕੀਨੋ ਦਾਨੁ ॥੩॥
Nirabho Hoe Bhajahu Bhagavaan || Saadhhasangath Mil Keeno Dhaan ||3||
Meditate fearlessly on the Lord God. Joining the Saadh Sangat, the Company of the Holy, this gift is given. ||3||

ਸਰਣਿ ਪਰੇ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਅੰਤਰਜਾਮੀ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਓਟ ਪਕਰੀ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਸੁਆਮੀ ॥੪॥੧੦੮॥
Saran Parae Prabh Antharajaamee || Naanak Outt Pakaree Prabh Suaamee ||4||108||
Nanak has entered the Sanctuary of God, the Inner-knower, the Searcher of hearts He grasps the Support of God, his Lord and Master. ||4||108||

The overall message of the above Sabds is captured in the following Sabd in the following central idea – ਹਰਿ ਕਾ ਨਾਮੁ ਰਿਦੈ ਨਿਤ ਧਿਆਈ…….ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਪਦਾਰਥੁ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਮਾਂਗੈ :-

ਹਰਿ ਕਾ ਨਾਮੁ ਰਿਦੈ ਨਿਤ ਧਿਆਈ ॥ ਸੰਗੀ ਸਾਥੀ ਸਗਲ ਤਰਾਂਈ ॥੧॥ (Raag Asa M. 5, GGS. 394-2).
Har Kaa Naam Ridhai Nith Dhhiaaee || Sangee Saathhee Sagal Tharaanee ||1||
Meditate continually on the Name of the Lord within your heart. Thus you shall save all your companions and associates. ||1||

ਗੁਰੁ ਮੇਰੈ ਸੰਗਿ ਸਦਾ ਹੈ ਨਾਲੇ ॥ ਸਿਮਰਿ ਸਿਮਰਿ ਤਿਸੁ ਸਦਾ ਸਮ੍ਹ੍ਹਾਲੇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
Gur Maerai Sang Sadhaa Hai Naalae || Simar Simar This Sadhaa Samhaalae ||1|| Rehaao ||
My Guru is always with me, near at hand. Meditating, meditating in remembrance on Him, I cherish Him forever. ||1||Pause||

ਤੇਰਾ ਕੀਆ ਮੀਠਾ ਲਾਗੈ ॥ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਪਦਾਰਥੁ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਮਾਂਗੈ ॥੨॥੪੨॥੯੩॥
Thaeraa Keeaa Meethaa Laagai || Har Naam Padhaarathh Naanak Maangai ||2||42||93||
Your actions seem so sweet to me.
Nanak begs for the treasure of the Naam, the Name of the Lord. ||2||42||93||

‘Gurbani eis jag mein channan’ ,  ‘Gurmat Saachi Saacha Vichaar’ and ‘Dhur Ki Bani aaiee tin sagali chint mittaiee’

With Waheguru’s blessings.

Kirpal Singh
Wellington, New Zealand

kirpal2singh@yahoo.com

Gurmat Concepts: ‘Dhur Karam’ and ‘Dhur Ki Bani’

In order to understand the concept of Dhur Ki Bani, one needs to understand an other Gurmat concept of ‘Dhur Karam’ as both the concepts are interrelated.

Dhur Karam‘ in Gurbani means one being short-listed in the run for unstoppable growth on spiritual path to be branded as ‘VADBHAGI’..

ਧੁਰਿ ਕਰਮਿ ਪਾਇਆ ਤੁਧੁ ਜਿਨ ਕਉ ਸਿ ਨਾਮਿ ਹਰਿ ਕੈ ਲਾਗੇ ॥ (Raag Raamkali M. 3, GGS. 917-13).
Dhhur Karam Paaeiaa Thudhh Jin Ko S Naam Har Kai Laagae ||
Those who have such pre-ordained destiny are attached to the Lord’s Name.

ਕਹੈ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਤਹ ਸੁਖੁ ਹੋਆ ਤਿਤੁ ਘਰਿ ਅਨਹਦ ਵਾਜੇ ॥੫॥
Kehai Naanak Theh Sukh Hoaa Thith Ghar Anehadh Vaajae ||5||
Says Nanak, they are at peace, and the unstruck sound current vibrates within their homes. ||5||

‘ ਸਿ ਨਾਮਿ ਹਰਿ ਕੈ ਲਾਗੇ’ is an awastha (state) beyond description in Spiritual sense as Guru Arjan Dev Ji says in Sukhmani Sahib. It attracts Grace/Kirpa to make a person immaculately pure – free from homai/ego and dubida resulting in Divine Sohjee/Budh-bebik:-

– ਕਰਿ ਕਿਰਪਾ ਜਿਸ ਕਉ ਨਾਮੁ ਦੀਆ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਸੋ ਜਨੁ ਨਿਰਮਲੁ ਥੀਆ ॥੭॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 283-12).
Kar Kirapaa Jis Ko Naam Dheeaa || Naanak So Jan Niramal Thheeaa ||7||
One whom the Lord, in His Grace, blesses with His Name – O Nanak, that person becomes immaculate and pure. ||7||

Naam makes all the needed difference to draw one closer to Waheguru:-

– ਨਾਮ ਸੰਗਿ ਜਿਸ ਕਾ ਮਨੁ ਮਾਨਿਆ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਤਿਨਹਿ ਨਿਰੰਜਨੁ ਜਾਨਿਆ ॥੩॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 281-11)
Naam Sang Jis Kaa Man Maaniaa || Naanak Thinehi Niranjan Jaaniaa ||3||
One whose mind accepts the Company of the Naam, The Name of the Lord, O Nanak, knows the Immaculate Lord. ||3||

The outcome of obtaining Naam leads to divine connectivity i. e. Sohjee/Budh-bebik to further Gurparsad that makes the person know his/her worth thus losing his/her ego leading to a state of blissfulness – crossing Dharam Khand, Gian Khand, Saram Khand, Karam Khand and reaching the Sach Khand.

ਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ਆਪਨ ਆਪੁ ਸੁਝੈ ॥ ਤਿਸ ਕੀ ਜਾਨਹੁ ਤ੍ਰਿਸਨਾ ਬੁਝੈ ॥
Gur Prasaadh Aapan Aap Sujhai || This Kee Jaanahu Thrisanaa Bujhai ||
By Guru’s Grace, one understands himself; Know that then, his thirst is quenched..

Arrival in the Sach Khand awastha fills such a person with deep Devotion of Waheguru thus culminating in flow of Amrit Bani and or its essence to lead a life enjoying divine Nadr/Grace:-

ਭਾਂਡਾ ਭਾਉ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤੁ ਤਿਤੁ ਢਾਲਿ ॥ ਘੜੀਐ ਸਬਦੁ ਸਚੀ ਟਕਸਾਲ ॥(Guru Nanak, Jap Ji Sahib, GGS. 8-9).
Bhaanddaa Bhaao Anmrith Thith Dtaal || Gharreeai Sabadh Sachee Ttakasaal ||
In the crucible of love, melt the Nectar of the Name, And mint the True Coin of the Shabad, the Word of God.

ਜਿਨ ਕਉ ਨਦਰਿ ਕਰਮੁ ਤਿਨ ਕਾਰ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਨਦਰੀ ਨਦਰਿ ਨਿਹਾਲ ॥੩੮॥
Jin Ko Nadhar Karam Thin Kaar || Naanak Nadharee Nadhar Nihaal ||38||
Such is the karma of those upon whom He has cast His Glance of Grace. O Nanak, the Merciful Lord, by His Grace, uplifts and exalts them. ||38||

On enjoying ‘Dhur Karam’, Gurparsad, Nadr/Grace/Kirpa are tools that start working together till one becomes “Ik-mick/Sito-Sita as experienced by Guru Teg Bhadhur Ji (Pani sang pani) and Kabir Ji (Ram Kabira ek bhaihe hain).

Dhur Ki Bani

My personal belief in ‘Dhur Ki Bani’ starts with the following pankti in Gurbani when Guru Nanak pronounces the following:-

ਜੈਸੀ ਮੈ ਆਵੈ ਖਸਮ ਕੀ ਬਾਣੀ ਤੈਸੜਾ ਕਰੀ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਵੇ ਲਾਲੋ ॥ (Raag Tilang M. 1, GGS. 722-16).
Jaisee Mai Aavai Khasam Kee Baanee Thaisarraa Karee Giaan Vae Laalo ||
As the Word of the Forgiving Lord comes to me, so do I express it, O Lalo.

Furthermore, in order to accept that the Gurbani is ‘Dhur Ki Bani’, one has to first accept that the Gurus were truthful beings and whatever they said was/is nothing but Truth (ਸੰਤਨ ਕੀ ਸੁਣਿ ਸਾਚੀ ਸਾਖੀ॥ ਸੋ ਬੋਲਹਿ ਜੋ ਪੇਖਹਿ ਆਖੀ as given below. Unless one acknowledges this truth one cannot make progress on this important concept in Sikhi.

Guru Arjan Dev Ji first describes the abiding strength of his Truthful-Sahib (Lord/Waheguru) in terms of ‘ਅਗਮ ਅਗੋਚਰੁ ਸਚੁ ਸਾਹਿਬੁ ਮੇਰਾ’ and ‘ਨਾਨਕ ਕਾ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਆਪੇ ਆਪਿ’. And then Guru Ji acknowledges- “ਨਾਨਕੁ ਬੋਲੈ ਬੋਲਾਇਆ ਤੇਰਾ”. Nowhere Guru Ji places himself before Waheguru.

ਸੰਤਨ ਕੀ ਸੁਣਿ ਸਾਚੀ ਸਾਖੀ ॥ਸੋ ਬੋਲਹਿ ਜੋ ਪੇਖਹਿ ਆਖੀ ॥ (Raag Raamkali M. 5, GGS. 894-8).
Santhan Kee Sun Saachee Saakhee ||So Bolehi Jo Paekhehi Aakhee ||
Listen to the true story of the Saints. They speak only of what they see with their eyes.

Guru Ram Das Ji has the following to add:-

ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਕੀ ਬਾਣੀ ਸਤਿ ਸਤਿ ਕਰਿ ਜਾਣਹੁ ਗੁਰਸਿਖਹੁ ਹਰਿ ਕਰਤਾ ਆਪਿ ਮੁਹਹੁ ਕਢਾਏ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 4, GGS. 308-5).
Sathigur Kee Baanee Sath Sath Kar Jaanahu Gurasikhahu Har Karathaa Aap Muhahu Kadtaaeae ||
O GurSikhs, know that the Bani, the Word of the True Guru, is true, absolutely true. The Creator Lord Himself causes the Guru to chant it.

ਧੁਰ ਕੀ ਬਾਣੀ ਆਈ ॥ ਤਿਨਿ ਸਗਲੀ ਚਿੰਤ ਮਿਟਾਈ ॥(Raag Sorath M. 5, GGS. 628-2)
Dhhur Kee Baanee Aaee ||Thin Sagalee Chinth Mittaaee ||
The Bani of His Word emanated from the Primal Lord. It eradicates all anxiety.

ਦਇਆਲ ਪੁਰਖ ਮਿਹਰਵਾਨਾ ॥ਹਰਿ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਾਚੁ ਵਖਾਨਾ ॥੨॥੧੩॥੭੭॥
Dhaeiaal Purakh Miharavaanaa ||Har Naanak Saach Vakhaanaa ||2||13||77||
The Lord is merciful, kind and compassionate.And enlightener of Truths ||2||13||77||

– ਇਕਿ ਭਰਮੇ ਇਕਿ ਭਗਤੀ ਲਾਏ ॥ ਅਪਣਾ ਕੀਆ ਆਪਿ ਜਣਾਏ ॥੩॥(Raag Raamkali M. 5, GGS. 894-7).
Eik Bharamae Eik Bhagathee Laaeae || Apanaa Keeaa Aap Janaaeae ||3||
Some wander around, while others are linked to His devotional worship. He Himself makes Himself known. ||3||

– ਸੇਵਕੁ ਅਪਨੀ ਲਾਇਓ ਸੇਵ ॥੩॥ (Raag Raamkali M. 5, GGS. 898-18).
Saevak Apanee Laaeiou Saev ||3||
He links His servant to His service. ||3||

The Gurus first as individuals (receivers) received the Brahm Gyan from God (transmitter) through a process of faith and devotion. Later, when the Guru acquired Brahm Gyan as Sabd- Guru, then they became one with God. So no difference between God and Guru i.e disappearance of two distinct entities. This is also supported in Gurbani:-

ਖਟੁ ਮਟੁ ਦੇਹੀ ਮਨੁ ਬੈਰਾਗੀ ॥ ਸੁਰਤਿ ਸਬਦੁ ਧੁਨਿ ਅੰਤਰਿ ਜਾਗੀ ॥ (Raag Raamkali M. 1, GGS. 904)
khatt matt dhaehee man bairaagee ||surath sabadh dhhun anthar jaagee ||
In the six -ringed abbey of the human body is the seat of the detached mind. The love for the Name’s meditation has awakened within it.

ਵਾਜੈ ਅਨਹਦੁ ਮੇਰਾ ਮਨੁ ਲੀਣਾ ॥ ਗੁਰ ਬਚਨੀ ਸਚਿ ਨਾਮਿ ਪਤੀਣਾ ॥੧॥
vaajai anehadh maeraa man leenaa ||gur bachanee sach naam patheenaa ||1||
The celestial strain rings within me and my soul is absorbed therein. By Guru’s instruction, my soul is pleased with the True Name.

ਪ੍ਰਾਣੀ ਰਾਮ ਭਗਤਿ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਈਐ ॥ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਹਰਿ ਹਰਿ ਮੀਠਾ ਲਾਗੈ ਹਰਿ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮਿ ਸਮਾਈਐ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
praanee raam bhagath sukh paaeeai ||guramukh har har meethaa laagai har har naam samaaeeai ||1|| rehaao ||
O mortal, it si through the Lord’s devotional service that peace is procured. By Guru’s grace, the Lord Master seems sweet and in the Lord Master’s name, the mortal merges.Pause.

ਮਾਇਆ ਮੋਹੁ ਬਿਵਰਜਿ ਸਮਾਏ ॥ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਭੇਟੈ ਮੇਲਿ ਮਿਲਾਏ ॥
maaeiaa mohu bivaraj samaaeae ||sathigur bhaettai mael milaaeae ||
Banishing the love of worldly valuables, one merges in the Lord and meeting with the True Guru, he unitest in His union.

ਨਾਮੁ ਰਤਨੁ ਨਿਰਮੋਲਕੁ ਹੀਰਾ ॥ ਤਿਤੁ ਰਾਤਾ ਮੇਰਾ ਮਨੁ ਧੀਰਾ ॥੨॥
naam rathan niramolak heeraa ||thith raathaa maeraa man dhheeraa ||2||
The Lord’s name is an invaluable jewel and emerald ; Imbued with that my mind is rendered fortitudious.

ਹਉਮੈ ਮਮਤਾ ਰੋਗੁ ਨ ਲਾਗੈ ॥ ਰਾਮ ਭਗਤਿ ਜਮ ਕਾ ਭਉ ਭਾਗੈ ॥
houmai mamathaa rog n laagai ||raam bhagath jam kaa bho bhaagai ||
By the Lord’s devotion, the mortal is afflicted not withthe ailment of ego and self-hood and his fear of death flees.

ਜਮੁ ਜੰਦਾਰੁ ਨ ਲਾਗੈ ਮੋਹਿ ॥ ਨਿਰਮਲ ਨਾਮੁ ਰਿਦੈ ਹਰਿ ਸੋਹਿ ॥੩॥
jam jandhaar n laagai mohi ||niramal naam ridhai har sohi ||3||
Death’s courier, the enemy of life, touches me not, as the God’s Immaculate Name sparkles within my mind.

ਸਬਦੁ ਬੀਚਾਰਿ ਭਏ ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰੀ ॥ ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਜਾਗੇ ਦੁਰਮਤਿ ਪਰਹਾਰੀ ॥
sabadh beechaar bheae nirankaaree ||guramath jaagae dhuramath parehaaree ||
Reflecting on the Lord’s Name, one comes to belong to the Formless Lord.
Awakening to the Guru’s instruction, one’s evil -intellect is erased.

ਅਨਦਿਨੁ ਜਾਗਿ ਰਹੇ ਲਿਵ ਲਾਈ ॥ ਜੀਵਨ ਮੁਕਤਿ ਗਤਿ ਅੰਤਰਿ ਪਾਈ ॥੪॥
anadhin jaag rehae liv laaee ||jeevan mukath gath anthar paaee ||4||
By remaining wakeful night and day, and professing love for the Lord, he is emancipated in life and finds this state from within him.

ਅਲਿਪਤ ਗੁਫਾ ਮਹਿ ਰਹਹਿ ਨਿਰਾਰੇ ॥ ਤਸਕਰ ਪੰਚ ਸਬਦਿ ਸੰਘਾਰੇ ॥
alipath gufaa mehi rehehi niraarae ||thasakar panch sabadh sanghaarae ||
I live detached in the secluded body-cave. The five thieves, I have salin with the Lord’s Name.

ਪਰ ਘਰ ਜਾਇ ਨ ਮਨੁ ਡੋਲਾਏ ॥ ਸਹਜ ਨਿਰੰਤਰਿ ਰਹਉ ਸਮਾਏ ॥੫॥
par ghar jaae n man ddolaaeae ||sehaj niranthar reho samaaeae ||5||
My soul visits not another’s house, nor does it wabble now. I now remain continually absorbed in God.

ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਜਾਗਿ ਰਹੇ ਅਉਧੂਤਾ ॥ ਸਦ ਬੈਰਾਗੀ ਤਤੁ ਪਰੋਤਾ ॥
guramukh jaag rehae aoudhhoothaa ||sadh bairaagee thath parothaa ||
By Guru’s grace, I remain wakeful, immaculate, ever detached and weaved into quintessence.

ਜਗੁ ਸੂਤਾ ਮਰਿ ਆਵੈ ਜਾਇ ॥ ਬਿਨੁ ਗੁਰ ਸਬਦ ਨ ਸੋਝੀ ਪਾਇ ॥੬॥
jag soothaa mar aavai jaae ||bin gur sabadh n sojhee paae ||6||
The world is asleep, it dies and continues coming and going. Without the Guru’s instruction, it obtains not understading.

ਅਨਹਦ ਸਬਦੁ ਵਜੈ ਦਿਨੁ ਰਾਤੀ ॥ ਅਵਿਗਤ ਕੀ ਗਤਿ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਜਾਤੀ ॥
anehadh sabadh vajai dhin raathee ||avigath kee gath guramukh jaathee |
Day and night, the Divien music resounds within him, who, by Guru’s grace, knows the wondrous state of the Deathless Lord.

ਤਉ ਜਾਨੀ ਜਾ ਸਬਦਿ ਪਛਾਨੀ ॥ ਏਕੋ ਰਵਿ ਰਹਿਆ ਨਿਰਬਾਨੀ ॥੭॥
tho jaanee jaa sabadh pashhaanee ||eaeko rav rehiaa nirabaanee ||7||
When one knows the Name, then realises he the One Detached Lord, pervading all.

ਸੁੰਨ ਸਮਾਧਿ ਸਹਜਿ ਮਨੁ ਰਾਤਾ ॥ ਤਜਿ ਹਉ ਲੋਭਾ ਏਕੋ ਜਾਤਾ ॥
sunn samaadhh sehaj man raathaa ||thaj ho lobhaa eaeko jaathaa |I
My mind is easily absorbed in seedless trance and forsaking self-conceit and greed, I now know but One Lord.

ਗੁਰ ਚੇਲੇ ਅਪਨਾ ਮਨੁ ਮਾਨਿਆ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਦੂਜਾ ਮੇਟਿ ਸਮਾਨਿਆ ॥੮॥੩॥
gur chaelae apanaa man maaniaa ||naanak dhoojaa maett samaaniaa ||8||3||
When the disciple’s own soul accepts the lead of the Guru, then eradicating his duality, he merges in the Lord, O Nanak.

The above Sabd clearly spells out the process of merger with God to be in position to receive and appreciate ‘Dhur Ki Bani’. It opens door for all of us to achieve merger guided by the examples of Gurus, Bhaghats, Bhatts and others who find place in the Guru Granth Sahib.

Guru Nanak Sahib further identifies in the following Sabd those who can or have access to ‘Dhur Ki Bani’ – Dhur here is Waheguru and Dhur Ki Bani is Brahmgian and not just a geet (ref. Kabir Ji).

ਸੁਣਿ ਵਡਾ ਆਖੈ ਸਭ ਕੋਈ ॥ ਕੇਵਡੁ ਵਡਾ ਡੀਠਾ ਹੋਈ ॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GSS. 19-
Sun Vaddaa Aakhai Sabh Koee || Kaevadd Vaddaa Ddeethaa Hoee ||
Hearing, everyone calls You Great, But only one who has seen You, knows just how Great You are.

ਕੀਮਤਿ ਪਾਇ ਨ ਕਹਿਆ ਜਾਇ ॥ ਕਹਣੈ ਵਾਲੇ ਤੇਰੇ ਰਹੇ ਸਮਾਇ ॥੧॥
Keemath Paae N Kehiaa Jaae || Kehanai Vaalae Thaerae Rehae Samaae ||1||
No one can measure Your Worth, or describe Yo Those who describe You, remain absorbed in You. ||1||

ਵਡੇ ਮੇਰੇ ਸਾਹਿਬਾ ਗਹਿਰ ਗੰਭੀਰਾ ਗੁਣੀ ਗਹੀਰਾ ॥ ਕੋਈ ਨ ਜਾਣੈ ਤੇਰਾ ਕੇਤਾ ਕੇਵਡੁ ਚੀਰਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
Vaddae Maerae Saahibaa Gehir Ganbheeraa Gunee Geheeraa || Koee N Jaanai Thaeraa Kaethaa Kaevadd Cheeraa ||1|| Rehaao ||
O my Great Lord and Master of Unfathomable Depth, You are the Ocean of Excellence. No one knows the greatness of Your expanse. ||1||Pause||

ਸਭਿ ਸੁਰਤੀ ਮਿਲਿ ਸੁਰਤਿ ਕਮਾਈ ॥ ਸਭ ਕੀਮਤਿ ਮਿਲਿ ਕੀਮਤਿ ਪਾਈ ॥
Sabh Surathee Mil Surath Kamaaee || Sabh Keemath Mil Keemath Paaee ||
All the contemplators met together and practiced contemplation; All the appraisers met together and tried to appraise You.

ਗਿਆਨੀ ਧਿਆਨੀ ਗੁਰ ਗੁਰ ਹਾਈ ॥ ਕਹਣੁ ਨ ਜਾਈ ਤੇਰੀ ਤਿਲੁ ਵਡਿਆਈ ॥੨॥
Giaanee Dhhiaanee Gur Gur Haaee || Kehan N Jaaee Thaeree Thil Vaddiaaee ||2||
The theologians, the meditators and the teachers of teachers Could not express even an iota of Your Greatness. ||2||

ਸਭਿ ਸਤ ਸਭਿ ਤਪ ਸਭਿ ਚੰਗਿਆਈਆ ॥ ਸਿਧਾ ਪੁਰਖਾ ਕੀਆ ਵਡਿਆਈਆਂ ॥
Sabh Sath Sabh Thap Sabh Changiaaeeaa || Sidhhaa Purakhaa Keeaa Vaddiaaeeaaan ||
All Truth, all austerities, all goodness, And the greatness of the Siddhas, the beings of perfect spiritual powers.

ਤੁਧੁ ਵਿਣੁ ਸਿਧੀ ਕਿਨੈ ਨ ਪਾਈਆ ॥ ਕਰਮਿ ਮਿਲੈ ਨਾਹੀ ਠਾਕਿ ਰਹਾਈਆ ॥੩॥
Thudhh Vin Sidhhee Kinai N Paaeeaa || Karam Milai Naahee Thaak Rehaaeeaa ||3||
Without You, none has attained such spiritual powers. They are obtained by Your Grace; their flow cannot be blocked. ||3||

ਆਖਣ ਵਾਲਾ ਕਿਆ ਬੇਚਾਰਾ ॥ ਸਿਫਤੀ ਭਰੇ ਤੇਰੇ ਭੰਡਾਰਾ ॥
Aakhan Vaalaa Kiaa Baechaaraa || Sifathee Bharae Thaerae Bhanddaaraa ||
What can the helpless speaker do? Your bounties are overflowing with Your Praises.

ਜਿਸੁ ਤੂੰ ਦੇਹਿ ਤਿਸੈ ਕਿਆ ਚਾਰਾ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਚੁ ਸਵਾਰਣਹਾਰਾ ॥੪॥੧॥
Jis Thoon Dhaehi Thisai Kiaa Chaaraa || Naanak Sach Savaaranehaaraa ||4||1||
And the one, unto whom You give – why should he think of any other? O Nanak, the True Lord is the Embellisher. ||4||1||

Any one who is literally educated or otherwise, a professional scholar, an entrepreneur ………can be recipient of Dhur Ki Bani, provided one is at the same Divine wave-length that comes by:-

ਆਪੁ ਗਵਾਈਐ ਤਾ ਸਹੁ ਪਾਈਐ ਅਉਰੁ ਕੈਸੀ ਚਤੁਰਾਈ ॥ (Raag Tilang M. 1, GGS. 722-13).
Aap Gavaaeeai Thaa Sahu Paaeeai Aour Kaisee Chathuraaee ||
Give up your selfhood, and so obtain your Husband Lord; what other clever tricks are of any use?

ਸਹੁ ਨਦਰਿ ਕਰਿ ਦੇਖੈ ਸੋ ਦਿਨੁ ਲੇਖੈ ਕਾਮਣਿ ਨਉ ਨਿਧਿ ਪਾਈ ॥
Sahu Nadhar Kar Dhaekhai So Dhin Laekhai Kaaman No Nidhh Paaee ||
When the Husband Lord looks upon the soul-bride with His Gracious Glance, that day is historic – the bride obtains the nine treasures.

Bottom line is ਕਾਮਣਿ ਨਉ ਨਿਧਿ ਪਾਈ – need is to become ਕਾਮਣਿ by renouncing/surrendering oneself.

Daily Nit-nem of Gurbani coupled with Ardas certainly works.

According to Guru Amar Das Ji ‘Dhur Ki Bani’ is always there for for those who are truthful and connected to Almighty God (Waheguru) who is all-pervading

ਸੁਣਤੇ ਪੁਨੀਤ ਕਹਤੇ ਪਵਿਤੁ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਰਹਿਆ ਭਰਪੂਰੇ ॥ (Raag Raamkali M. 3, GGS. 922-18).
Sunathae Puneeth Kehathae Pavith Sathigur Rehiaa Bharapoorae ||
Pure are the listeners, and pure are the speakers; the True Guru is all-pervading and permeating.

ਬਿਨਵੰਤਿ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਗੁਰ ਚਰਣ ਲਾਗੇ ਵਾਜੇ ਅਨਹਦ ਤੂਰੇ ॥੪੦॥੧॥
Binavanth Naanak Gur Charan Laagae Vaajae Anehadh Thoorae ||40||1||
Prays Nanak, touching the Guru’s Feet, the unstruck sound current of the celestial bugles vibrates and resounds. ||40||1||

With Waheguru’s blessings.

Kirpal Singh
Wellington, New Zealand

kirpal2singh@yahoo.com

Who is the Founder of Sikhi?

There could be two answers to this interesting question – one representing the spiritual aspect and the other prevalent historical considerations.

I shall go backward from Guru Gobind Singh Ji to Guru Nanak Sahib to throw some light on this riddle?

When we accept that the salutation – ‘Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa, Waheguru Ji Fateh’ – has the endorsement of Guru Gobind Singh Ji then Guru Ji shifts the bulk of creation of ‘Khalsa’ (an offshoot of Sikhi/Sikhism) to Waheguru. This is also the first indication of ruling out the handy role of his predecessors (other Gurus) as well.

Guru Nanak gives his gratitude to his GURU for His Kirpa, which indicates that who is in the driving seat:-

ਬਲਿਹਾਰੀ ਗੁਰ ਆਪਣੇ ਦਿਉਹਾੜੀ ਸਦ ਵਾਰ ॥ ਜਿਨਿ ਮਾਣਸ ਤੇ ਦੇਵਤੇ ਕੀਏ ਕਰਤ ਨ ਲਾਗੀ ਵਾਰ ॥੧॥ (Raag Asa, Guru Nanak, GGS. 462-19).
A hundred times a day, I am a sacrifice to my Guru; He made angels out of men, without delay. ||1||

Guru Nanak Sahib addss that he is driven by his GURU and with His grace he is able to perform in life:-

ਸਿਖੀ ਸਿਖਿਆ ਗੁਰ ਵੀਚਾਰਿ ॥ ਨਦਰੀ ਕਰਮਿ ਲਘਾਏ ਪਾਰਿ ॥ (Raag Asa M. 1, GGS. 465-10).
Contemplating the Guru, I have been taught these teachings; Granting His Grace, He carries His servants across.

Guru Nanak Sahib further makes no secret in proclaiming that the Doer is his GURU (Ik oankar/Waheguru) and that any other claim is not of a worthy person:-

ਵਡਾ ਸਾਹਿਬੁ ਵਡੀ ਨਾਈ ਕੀਤਾ ਜਾ ਕਾ ਹੋਵੈ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਜੇ ਕੋ ਆਪੌ ਜਾਣੈ ਅਗੈ ਗਇਆ ਨ ਸੋਹੈ ॥੨੧॥ (Jap Ji, Guru Nanak Sahib, GGS. 5-1).
Great is the Master, Great is His Name. Whatever happens is according to His Will. O Nanak, one who claims to know everything shall not be decorated in the Divine Court.

– ਭਗਤ ਤੇਰੈ ਮਨਿ ਭਾਵਦੇ ਦਰਿ ਸੋਹਨਿ ਕੀਰਤਿ ਗਾਵਦੇ ॥ ਇਕਿ ਮੂਲੁ ਨ ਬੁਝਨ੍ਹ੍ਹਿ ਆਪਣਾ ਅਣਹੋਦਾ ਆਪੁ ਗਣਾਇਦੇ ॥ (Raag Asa, Guru Nanak, GGS.468-3).
Your devotees are pleasing to Your Mind, Lord. They look beautiful at Your door, singing Your Praises. Some do not understand their origins, and without cause, they display their self-conceit.

According to Guru Nanak Sahib himself:-

ਕਰਣ ਕਾਰਣ ਸਮਰਥੁ ਹੈ ਕਹੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਬੀਚਾਰਿ ॥ (Salok Sehshritee, Guru Nanak Sahib, GGS. 1353-10).
The Creator, the Cause of causes, is All-powerful. Thus speaks Nanak, after deep deliberation.

One God is defined as IK OANKAR in the Mool Mantar in Jap Ji Sahib of Guru Nanak Dev:-

ੴ ਸਤਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਕਰਤਾ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਨਿਰਭਉ ਨਿਰਵੈਰੁ ਅਕਾਲ ਮੂਰਤਿ ਅਜੂਨੀ ਸੈਭੰ ਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ॥ (Jap Ji Sahib, Guru Nanak, GGS. 1-1).
One Universal Creator God, TheName Is Truth Creative Being Personified No Fear No Hatred Image Of The Undying, Beyond Birth, Self-Existent. By Guru’s Grace.

ਆਦਿ ਸਚੁ ਜੁਗਾਦਿ ਸਚੁ ॥
True In The Primal Beginning. True Throughout The Ages.

ਹੈ ਭੀ ਸਚੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਹੋਸੀ ਭੀ ਸਚੁ ॥੧II
True Here And Now. O Nanak, Forever And Ever True. ||1||

On the ONENESS of God, Guru Nanak Dev further proclaims loudly:-

– ਸਾਹਿਬੁ ਮੇਰਾ ਏਕੋ ਹੈ ॥ ਏਕੋ ਹੈ ਭਾਈ ਏਕੋ ਹੈ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (Raag Asa, Guru Nanak Dev, GSS, 350-4)
My Lord and Master is One; He is the One and Only; O Siblings of Destiny, He is the One alone. ||1||Pause||

ਆਪੇ ਮਾਰੇ ਆਪੇ ਛੋਡੈ ਆਪੇ ਲੇਵੈ ਦੇਇ ॥ ਆਪੇ ਵੇਖੈ ਆਪੇ ਵਿਗਸੈ ਆਪੇ ਨਦਰਿ ਕਰੇਇ ॥੨॥
He Himself kills, and He Himself emancipates; He Himself gives and takes. He Himself beholds, and He Himself rejoices; He Himself bestows His Glance of Grace. ||2||

ਜੋ ਕਿਛੁ ਕਰਣਾ ਸੋ ਕਰਿ ਰਹਿਆ ਅਵਰੁ ਨ ਕਰਣਾ ਜਾਈ ॥ ਜੈਸਾ ਵਰਤੈ ਤੈਸੋ ਕਹੀਐ ਸਭ ਤੇਰੀ ਵਡਿਆਈ ॥੩॥
Whatever He is to do, that is what He is doing. No one else can do anything. As He projects Himself, so do we describe Him; this is all Your Glorious Greatness, Lord. ||3||

Guru Nanak Dev Further reaffirms on the Oneness his Master/God:-

– ਸਾਹਿਬੁ ਮੇਰਾ ਏਕੁ ਹੈ ਅਵਰੁ ਨਹੀ ਭਾਈ ॥ (Raag Asa, Guru Nanak, GGS. 420-16).
My Lord and Master is the One; there is no other, O Siblings of Destiny.

– ਏਕੀ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਬਾਹਰਾ ਦੂਜਾ ਅਵਰੁ ਨ ਜਾਣੈ ਕੋਇ ॥੨॥ (Raag Maaroo, Guru Nanak, GGS. 991-8).
He recognizes none other than the One Lord and Master. ||2||

– ਸਤਿਗੁਰਿ ਮੋ ਕਉ ਏਕੁ ਬੁਝਾਇਆ ॥੫॥ (Raag Gauri, Guru Nanak Dev, GGS. 223-6).
The True Guru has led me to understand the One Lord. ||5||

Though Guru Arjan Dev Ji has a special role in Sikhi as Editor of Adi Guru Granth Sahib, however, he admits that whatever he has said is as per Divine Hukam given to me:-

ਹਉ ਆਪਹੁ ਬੋਲਿ ਨ ਜਾਣਦਾ ਮੈ ਕਹਿਆ ਸਭੁ ਹੁਕਮਾਉ ਜੀਉ ॥ (Raag Suhi M. 5, GGS. 763-5).
By myself, I don’t even know how to speak; I speak all that the Lord commands.

ਹਰਿ ਭਗਤਿ ਖਜਾਨਾ ਬਖਸਿਆ ਗੁਰਿ ਨਾਨਕਿ ਕੀਆ ਪਸਾਉ ਜੀਉ ॥
I am blessed with the treasure of the Lord’s devotional worship; Guru Nanak has been kind and compassionate to me.

ਗੁਰਿ ਨਾਨਕਿ ਕੀਆ ਪਸਾਉ ਜੀਉ – is a key now to open discussion further.

My conclusion is that spiritually speaking GURU of Guru Nanak Sahib i.e. Ik oankar (Waheguru) is the founder of Sikhi/Sikh Religion. Whereas, historically speaking Guru Nanak Sahib was instrumental for founding Sikhi and other Gurus, Bhagats and Mahapurakhs contributed their share in building and supporting Sikhi founded by Guru Nanak.

Kirpal Singh
Wellington, New Zealand

kirpal2singh@yahoo.com

Divine Devotion (Simran/Bhagati) Leads to Naam (Divine Ras)

There are numerous intellectual discourses on Hukam and Naam by various individuals portraying Waheguru as a distant entity reachable through knowing His Hukam and Divine Virtues. Whereas Gurbani reminds us that a necessary step is to replace our Durmat caused by duality first by having full faith in name of remembering of Waheguru:-

– ਨਾਇ ਮੰਨਿਐ ਦੁਰਮਤਿ ਗਈ ਮਤਿ ਪਰਗਟੀ ਆਇਆ ॥ (Raag Sarang M. 1, GGS. 1242-3).
With faith in the Name, evil-mindedness is eradicated, and the intellect is enlightened.

ਨਾਉ ਮੰਨਿਐ ਹਉਮੈ ਗਈ ਸਭਿ ਰੋਗ ਗਵਾਇਆ ॥
With faith in the Name, egotism is eradicated, and all sickness is cured.

ਨਾਇ ਮੰਨਿਐ ਨਾਮੁ ਊਪਜੈ ਸਹਜੇ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਇਆ ॥
Believing in the Name, The Name wells up, and intuitive peace and poise are obtained.

ਨਾਇ ਮੰਨਿਐ ਸਾਂਤਿ ਊਪਜੈ ਹਰਿ ਮੰਨਿ ਵਸਾਇਆ ॥
Believing in the Name, tranquility and peace well up, and the Lord is enshrined in the mind.

ਨਾਨਕ ਨਾਮੁ ਰਤੰਨੁ ਹੈ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਹਰਿ ਧਿਆਇਆ ॥੧੧॥
O Nanak, the Name is a jewel; the Gurmukh meditates on the Lord. ||11||

We often ignore the fact that Waheguru is BEANT and so are His Hukam and Virtues, which can be understood by Divine Grace only; and by drawing closer to Waheguru in order to have a glimpse of His Hukam and Naam.

Various scholars tend to make spirituality an an academic subject. So according to them this Marg can be understood by joining an academy, school, college or a university. If this is the case then children and other members of the Society who do not have access to formal education cannot have access to Waheguru. Many such scholars ignore the fact that the success on Spiritual Marg is achieved by giving away one’s conceit (houmai/ego) and working with a tool of innocence of a ‘CHILD like Personality’. This gives promise to children as well as those deprived of academic education to walk on this Marg just like our Gurus (Child-Guru Har Krishan Ji), Bhagats and Mahapurakhs etc. The Gurbani clearly chalks out the way out:-

1.ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਮਿਲਿਓ ਸੁਖ ਬਾਲੇ ਭੋਲੇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (Raag Kaanrhaa M. 5, GGS. 1307-7).
I have met God through innocent faith, and He has blessed me with peace. ||1||Pause||

2. ਆਪੁ ਗਵਾਈਐ ਤਾ ਸਹੁ ਪਾਈਐ ਅਉਰੁ ਕੈਸੀ ਚਤੁਰਾਈ ॥ (Raag Tilang M. 1, GGS. 722-13).
Give up your selfhood, and so obtain your Husband Lord; what other clever tricks are of any use?

ਸਹੁ ਨਦਰਿ ਕਰਿ ਦੇਖੈ ਸੋ ਦਿਨੁ ਲੇਖੈ ਕਾਮਣਿ ਨਉ ਨਿਧਿ ਪਾਈ ॥
When the Husband Lord looks upon the soul-bride with His Gracious Glance, that day is historic – the bride obtains the nine treasures.

3. ਆਪੁ ਤਿਆਗਿ ਸਰਨਿ ਗੁਰਦੇਵ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, 288-13).
Give up your selfishness and conceit, and seek the Sanctuary of the Divine Guru.

The loss of self-consciousness, which is full of self conceit (Duality) leads to merger with Waheguru when the clarity of Divine Hukam becomes imminent:-

– ਪ੍ਰਭ ਮਿਲਣੈ ਕੀ ਏਹ ਨੀਸਾਣੀ ॥ ਮਨਿ ਇਕੋ ਸਚਾ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਪਛਾਣੀ ॥ (Raag Maajh M. 5, GGS. 106-17).
This is the sign of union with God: In the mind, the Command of the True Lord is recognized.

– ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕੈ ਸਿਮਰਨਿ ਜਪ ਤਪ ਪੂਜਾ ॥ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕੈ ਸਿਮਰਨਿ ਬਿਨਸੈ ਦੂਜਾ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, 262-18).
In the remembrance of God are chanting, intense meditation and devotional worship. In the remembrance of God, duality is removed.

– ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕਉ ਸਿਮਰਹਿ ਤਿਨ ਅਨਦ ਘਨੇਰੇ ॥ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕਉ ਸਿਮਰਹਿ ਬਸਹਿ ਹਰਿ ਨੇਰੇ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 263-10).
Those who remember God experience all sorts of joys. Those who remember God abide near the Lord

Gurmat gives enough indications on simple naming of Waheguru as a spiritual path to acquire nearness with Waheguru through a spiritual enlightenment (NAAM – Divine Ras) arising out of remembering Waheguru, Waheguru, ……………Waheguru.

Guru Nanak Sahib and Guru Arjan Dev Ji give their personal experiences of remembering of Har Nam (Waheguru
‘s name).

– ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤੁ ਹਰਿ ਕਾ ਨਾਮੁ ਮੇਰੈ ਮਨਿ ਭਾਇਆ ॥ ਨਾਮੁ ਮੀਠਾ ਮਨਹਿ ਲਾਗਾ ਦੂਖਿ ਡੇਰਾ ਢਾਹਿਆ ॥ (Raag Vadhans M. 1, GGS. 566-3).
The Ambrosial Name of the Lord is pleasing to my mind. The Naam, the Name of the Lord, seems so sweet to my mind; it has destroyed the dwelling of pain.

– ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕਾ ਸਿਮਰਨੁ ਸਭ ਤੇ ਊਚਾ ॥ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕੈ ਸਿਮਰਨਿ ਉਧਰੇ ਮੂਚਾ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 263-1).
The remembrance of God is the highest and most exalted of all. In the remembrance of God, many are saved.

– ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕੈ ਸਿਮਰਨਿ ਮਨ ਕੀ ਮਲੁ ਜਾਇ ॥ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਨਾਮੁ ਰਿਦ ਮਾਹਿ ਸਮਾਇ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 263-3).
In the remembrance of God, the filth of the mind is removed. The Ambrosial Naam, the Name of the Lord, is absorbed into the heart.

According to Gurbani, Waheguru is immanent:-

ਬੇਦ ਕਤੇਬ ਸੰਸਾਰ ਹਭਾ ਹੂੰ ਬਾਹਰਾ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਕਾ ਪਾਤਿਸਾਹੁ ਦਿਸੈ ਜਾਹਰਾ ॥੪॥੩॥੧੦੫॥ (Raag Asa M. 5, GGS. 397-7).
He is beyond the world of the Vedas, the Koran and the Bible. The Supreme King of Nanak (WAHEGURU) is immanent and manifest. ||4||3||105||

As a result of Waheguru being immanent, so it should be possible to access Waheguru when appropriately approached like a child who calls his parents for help. The same Waheguru is designated as a composite of our parents and all nears and dears who are always on our side to assist us:-

ਤੂੰ ਮੇਰਾ ਪਿਤਾ ਤੂੰਹੈ ਮੇਰਾ ਮਾਤਾ ॥ ਤੂੰ ਮੇਰਾ ਬੰਧਪੁ ਤੂੰ ਮੇਰਾ ਭ੍ਰਾਤਾ ॥ (Raag Maajh M. 5, GGS. 103-12).
You are my Father, and You are my Mother. You are my Relative, and You are my Brother.

ਤੂੰ ਮੇਰਾ ਰਾਖਾ ਸਭਨੀ ਥਾਈ ਤਾ ਭਉ ਕੇਹਾ ਕਾੜਾ ਜੀਉ ॥੧॥
You are my Protector everywhere; why should I feel any fear or anxiety? ||1||……..

ਨਾਮੁ ਧਿਆਇ ਮਹਾ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਇਆ ॥ ਹਰਿ ਗੁਣ ਗਾਇ ਮੇਰਾ ਮਨੁ ਸੀਤਲਾਇਆ ॥
Meditating on the Naam, I have found great peace. Singing the Glorious Praises of the Lord, my mind is cooled and soothed.

If we accept the above promise of Gurbani, then a simple call from us as a child to our Father/Mother should draw Waheguru close to us to take on the driving seat of our life to impart bebik-budh/Sojhi to immerse in Divine Devotion (Simran/Bhagati) of Waheguru leading to Naam (Divine Virtues):-

– ਕਰਿ ਕਿਰਪਾ ਜਿਸੁ ਅਪਨੀ ਭਗਤਿ ਦੇਇ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਤੇ ਜਨ ਨਾਮਿ ਮਿਲੇਇ ॥੩॥(Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 277-8).
Those whom the Lord mercifully blesses with His devotional worship – O Nanak, they are absorbed into the Naam. ||3||

Guru Nanak Sahib says that the Name of Waheguru is my life line and is linked to Naam (Divine Ras) as given below:-

– ਜੀਵਾ ਤੇਰੈ ਨਾਇ ਮਨਿ ਆਨੰਦੁ ਹੈ ਜੀਉ ॥ ਸਾਚੋ ਸਾਚਾ ਨਾਉ ਗੁਣ ਗੋਵਿੰਦੁ ਹੈ ਜੀਉ ॥ (Raag Dhanaasree M. 1, GGS. 688-7).
I live by Your Name; my mind is in ecstasy, Lord. True is the Name of the True Lord. Glorious are the Praises of the Lord of the Universe.

– ਨਾਇ (Name) ਸੁਣਿਐ ਮਨੁ ਰਹਸੀਐ ਨਾਮੇ (Naam) ਸਾਂਤਿ ਆਈ ॥ (Raag Sarang M. 1, GGS. 1240-1).
Hearing the Name, the mind is delighted. The Name brings peace and tranquility.

ਨਾਇ (Name) ਸੁਣਿਐ ਮਨੁ ਤ੍ਰਿਪਤੀਐ ਸਭ ਦੁਖ ਗਵਾਈ ॥
Hearing the Name, the mind is satisfied, and all pains are taken away.

ਨਾਇ (Name) ਸੁਣਿਐ ਨਾਉ (Naam) ਊਪਜੈ ਨਾਮੇ (Naam) ਵਡਿਆਈ ॥
Hearing the Name, one becomes famous; the Name brings glorious greatness.

ਨਾਮੇ (Naam)ਹੀ ਸਭ ਜਾਤਿ ਪਤਿ ਨਾਮੇ (Naam) ਗਤਿ ਪਾਈ ॥
The Name brings all honor and status; through the Name, salvation is obtained.

ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਨਾਮੁ (Name) ਧਿਆਈਐ ਨਾਨਕ ਲਿਵ ਲਾਈ ॥੬॥
The Gurmukh meditates on the Name; Nanak is lovingly attuned to the Name. ||6||

– ਪਾਧਾ ਪੜਿਆ ਆਖੀਐ ਬਿਦਿਆ ਬਿਚਰੈ ਸਹਜਿ ਸੁਭਾਇ ॥ ਬਿਦਿਆ ਸੋਧੈ ਤਤੁ ਲਹੈ ਰਾਮ ਨਾਮ ਲਿਵ ਲਾਇ ॥
(Raag Raamkali Dakhni M. 1, GGS. 937-19).
That Pandit, that religious scholar, is said to be well-educated, if he contemplates knowledge with intuitive ease. Considering his knowledge, he finds the essence of reality, and lovingly focuses his attention on the Name of the Lord……..

– ਪਾਧਾ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਆਖੀਐ ਚਾਟੜਿਆ ਮਤਿ ਦੇਇ ॥
That Pandit is called Gurmukh, who imparts understanding to his students.

ਨਾਮੁ ਸਮਾਲਹੁ ਨਾਮੁ ਸੰਗਰਹੁ ਲਾਹਾ ਜਗ ਮਹਿ ਲੇਇ ॥
Contemplate the Naam, the Name of the Lord; gather in the Naam, and earn the true profit in this world.

ਸਚੀ ਪਟੀ ਸਚੁ ਮਨਿ ਪੜੀਐ ਸਬਦੁ ਸੁ ਸਾਰੁ ॥
With the true notebook of the true mind, study the most sublime Word of the Shabad.

ਨਾਨਕ ਸੋ ਪੜਿਆ ਸੋ ਪੰਡਿਤੁ ਬੀਨਾ ਜਿਸੁ ਰਾਮ ਨਾਮੁ ਗਲਿ ਹਾਰੁ ॥੫੪॥੧॥
O Nanak, he alone is learned, and he alone is a wise Pandit, who wears the necklace of the Lord’s Name. ||54||1||

Guru Arjan Dev Ji reinforces the above thoughts of Guru Nanak Dev Ji:-

– ਬੇਦ ਕਤੇਬ ਸਿਮ੍ਰਿਤਿ ਸਭਿ ਸਾਸਤ ਇਨ੍ਹ੍ਹ ਪੜਿਆ ਮੁਕਤਿ ਨ ਹੋਈ ॥ (Raag Suhi M. 5, GGS. 747-18)
One may read all the books of the Vedas, the Bible, the Simritees and the Shaastras, but they will not bring liberation.

ਏਕੁ ਅਖਰੁ ਜੋ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਜਾਪੈ ਤਿਸ ਕੀ ਨਿਰਮਲ ਸੋਈ ॥੩॥
One who, as Gurmukh, chants the One Word, acquires a spotlessly pure reputation. ||3||

According to Guru Ram Das Ji, all those who do not forget Waheguru are spiritually elevated and blessed persons:-

ਜਿਨਾ ਸਾਸਿ ਗਿਰਾਸਿ ਨ ਵਿਸਰੈ ਸੇ ਪੂਰੇ ਪੁਰਖ ਪਰਧਾਨ ॥ ਕਰਮੀ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਪਾਈਐ ਅਨਦਿਨੁ ਲਗੈ ਧਿਆਨੁ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 4, 313-1).
Those who do not forget the Lord, with each and every breath and morsel of food, are the perfect and famous persons. By His Grace they find the True Guru; night and day, they meditate.

ਤਿਨ ਕੀ ਸੰਗਤਿ ਮਿਲਿ ਰਹਾ ਦਰਗਹ ਪਾਈ ਮਾਨੁ ॥ ਸਉਦੇ ਵਾਹੁ ਵਾਹੁ ਉਚਰਹਿ ਉਠਦੇ ਭੀ ਵਾਹੁ ਕਰੇਨਿ ॥
I join the society of those persons, and in so doing, I am honored in the Court of the Lord. While asleep, they chant, “”Waaho! Waaho!””, and while awake, they chant, “”Waaho!”” as well.

ਨਾਨਕ ਤੇ ਮੁਖ ਉਜਲੇ ਜਿ ਨਿਤ ਉਠਿ ਸੰਮਾਲੇਨਿ ॥੧॥
O Nanak, radiant are the faces of those, who rise up early each day, and dwell upon the Lord. ||1||

Guru Arjan Dev Ji’s Ardas is to stay always in remembrance (Yaad) of Waheguru further confirms that there is a way to reach out to Waheguru through Ardas and Remembrance of Waheguru:-

– ਨਾਨਕੁ ਏਕ ਕਰੈ ਅਰਦਾਸਿ ॥ ਵਿਸਰੁ ਨਾਹੀ ਪੂਰਨ ਗੁਣਤਾਸਿ ॥੪॥੧੮॥੨੪॥ (Raag Suhi M. 5, GGS. 782-4).
Nanak makes one prayer: May I never forget You, O perfect treasure of virtue. ||4||18||24||

The practice of remembering Divine name(s) has been in the tradition of Bhagats, Sidhs, Sadhs, Sants… as narrated by Bhagat Kabir Ji:-

– ਹਮ ਦੇਖਤ ਜਿਨਿ ਸਭੁ ਜਗੁ ਲੂਟਿਆ ॥ ਕਹੁ ਕਬੀਰ ਮੈ ਰਾਮ ਕਹਿ ਛੂਟਿਆ ॥੩॥੩੦॥(Raag Gauri Bhagat Kabir, GGS. 329-8).
Before my very eyes, Maya has plundered the entire world. Says Kabeer, chanting the Lord’s Name, I have escaped Maya. ||3||30||

– ਅਹਿਨਿਸਿ ਏਕ ਨਾਮ ਜੋ ਜਾਗੇ ॥ ਕੇਤਕ ਸਿਧ ਭਏ ਲਿਵ ਲਾਗੇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (Raag Gauri Guaarayree Bhagat Kabir, GGS. 330-13).
Those who are awake to the One Name, day and night- many of them have become Siddhas – perfect spiritual beings – with their consciousness attuned to the Lord. ||1||Pause||

ਸਾਧਕ ਸਿਧ ਸਗਲ ਮੁਨਿ ਹਾਰੇ ॥ ਏਕ ਨਾਮ ਕਲਿਪ ਤਰ ਤਾਰੇ ॥੧॥
The seekers, the Siddhas and the silent sages have all lost the game. The One Name is the wish-fulfilling Elysian Tree, which saves them and carries them across. ||1||

ਜੋ ਹਰਿ ਹਰੇ ਸੁ ਹੋਹਿ ਨ ਆਨਾ ॥ ਕਹਿ ਕਬੀਰ ਰਾਮ ਨਾਮ ਪਛਾਨਾ ॥੨॥੩੭॥
Those who are rejuvenated by the Lord, do not belong to any other. Says Kabeer, they realize the Name of the Lord. ||2||37||

Guru Ram Das Ji himself is a strong votary of remembering and calling the name of Satnam (Waheguru), which equipped him not to scum to worldly Maya:-

– ਜਪਿ ਮਨ ਸਤਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਸਦਾ ਸਤਿ ਨਾਮੁ ॥ ਹਲਤਿ ਪਲਤਿ ਮੁਖ ਊਜਲ ਹੋਈ ਹੈ ਨਿਤ ਧਿਆਈਐ ਹਰਿ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਨਿਰੰਜਨਾ ॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (Raag Dhanaasree M. 4, GGS. 670-1).
Chant, O my mind, the True Name, Sat Naam, the True Name. In this world, and in the world beyond, your face shall be radiant, by meditating continually on the immaculate Lord God. ||Pause||

ਜਹ ਹਰਿ ਸਿਮਰਨੁ ਭਇਆ ਤਹ ਉਪਾਧਿ ਗਤੁ ਕੀਨੀ ਵਡਭਾਗੀ ਹਰਿ ਜਪਨਾ ॥
Wherever anyone remembers the Lord in meditation, disaster runs away from that place. By great good fortune, we meditate on the Lord.

ਜਨ ਨਾਨਕ ਕਉ ਗੁਰਿ ਇਹ ਮਤਿ ਦੀਨੀ ਜਪਿ ਹਰਿ ਭਵਜਲੁ ਤਰਨਾ ॥੨॥੬॥੧੨॥
The Guru has blessed servant Nanak with this understanding, that by meditating on the Lord, we cross over the terrifying world-ocean. ||2||6||12||

The importance of remembering/calling Waheguru name is evaluated by Guru Arjan Dev Ji as a great act of Sadhna :-

– ਪ੍ਰਭ ਜੀ ਬਸਹਿ ਸਾਧ ਕੀ ਰਸਨਾ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 263-4).
God abides upon the tongues of His Saints.

The various spiritual Bhagats who were drenched with their Isht make no secret of importance of remembering Raam/Niranjan (Waheguru):-

-ਨਾਮਾ ਮਾਇਆ ਮੋਹਿਆ ਕਹੈ ਤਿਲੋਚਨੁ ਮੀਤ ॥ ਕਾਹੇ ਛੀਪਹੁ ਛਾਇਲੈ ਰਾਮ ਨ ਲਾਵਹੁ ਚੀਤੁ ॥੨੧੨॥ (Salok Bhagat Kabir, GGS. 1375-18).
Trilochan says, O Naam Dayv, Maya has enticed you, my friend. Why are you printing designs on these sheets, and not focusing your consciousness on the Lord? ||212||

ਨਾਮਾ ਕਹੈ ਤਿਲੋਚਨਾ ਮੁਖ ਤੇ ਰਾਮੁ ਸੰਮ੍ਹ੍ਹਾਲਿ ॥ ਹਾਥ ਪਾਉ ਕਰਿ ਕਾਮੁ ਸਭੁ ਚੀਤੁ ਨਿਰੰਜਨ ਨਾਲਿ ॥੨੧੩॥
Naam Dayv answers, O Trilochan, chant the Lord’s Name with your mouth. With your hands and feet, do all your work, but let your consciousness remain with the Immaculate Lord. ||213||

Kabir Ji goes on to suggest that calling out/remembering Waheguru is profitable business, which will eventually bring dividends by awakening Divine wisdom in attracting Divine Virtues :-

ਕਬੀਰ ਕੇਸੋ ਕੇਸੋ ਕੂਕੀਐ ਨ ਸੋਈਐ ਅਸਾਰ ॥ (Salok Bhagat Kabir, GGS. 1376-11).
Kabeer, chant the Name of the Beautifully-haired Lord; do not sleep unaware.

ਰਾਤਿ ਦਿਵਸ ਕੇ ਕੂਕਨੇ ਕਬਹੂ ਕੇ ਸੁਨੈ ਪੁਕਾਰ ॥੨੨੩॥
Chanting His Name night and day, the Lord will eventually hear your call. ||223||

Finally, I conclude by quoting from Sukhmani Sahib the following enlightening Tuk on this subject:-

ਹਰਿ ਸਿਮਰਨ ਮਹਿ ਆਪਿ ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰਾ ॥ (Raag Gauri M. 5, GGS. 263-18).
Where there is remembrance of Waheguru without duality and trust and faith, Waheguru will be present there.

Kirpal Singh
Wellington, New Zealand

kirpal2singh@yahoo.com