Gurmat Messages of Bhagat Namdev Ji

Bhagat Namdev ( 1270-1351) was born in a ‘Sheepa’ family of Maharashtra province of India in a family of Calico-printer. His 60 Sabds in 18 Raags are included in the Guru Granth Sahib with basic themes revolving around Waheguru, Guru and Naam Simran.

Since childhood, Bhagat Namdev was different from his fellow children and was attracted to the company of saints and spiritually enlightened persons. He believed that gaining of spirituality is not linked to birth in high caste & creed but in acquiring trough Gurmat full faith in Waheguru, Guru and Gur-sabd and Simran of Waheguru:-

– ਛੀਪੇ ਕੇ ਘਰਿ ਜਨਮੁ ਦੈਲਾ ਗੁਰ ਉਪਦੇਸੁ ਭੈਲਾ ॥ ਸੰਤਹ ਕੈ ਪਰਸਾਦਿ ਨਾਮਾ ਹਰਿ ਭੇਟੁਲਾ ॥੨॥੫ii (Raag Asa Bhagat Namdev, GGS. 486-3).
You have given me birth in the house of a calico-printer, but I have found the Teachings of the Guru. By the Grace of the Saint, Naam Dayv has met the Lord. ||2||5||

– ਮੈ ਅੰਧੁਲੇ ਕੀ ਟੇਕ ਤੇਰਾ ਨਾਮੁ ਖੁੰਦਕਾਰਾ ॥ ਮੈ ਗਰੀਬ ਮੈ ਮਸਕੀਨ ਤੇਰਾ ਨਾਮੁ ਹੈ ਅਧਾਰਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (Raag Tilang Bhagat Namdev, GGS. 727-12).
I am blind; Your Name, O Creator Lord, is my only anchor and support. I am poor, and I am meek. Your Name is my only support. ||1||Pause||

ਕਰੀਮਾਂ ਰਹੀਮਾਂ ਅਲਾਹ ਤੂ ਗਨੀਬ਼ ॥ ਹਾਜਰਾ ਹਜੂਰਿ ਦਰਿ ਪੇਸਿ ਤੂੰ ਮਨੀਬ਼ ॥੧॥
O beautiful Lord, benevolent and merciful Lord, You are so wealthy and generous. You are ever-present in every presence, within and before me. ||1||

Guru Arjan Dev Ji attests the spiritual height of Bhagat Namdev in Gurbani and Bhagat Ji himself claims to to be immersed in Waheguru and sees Him all around and everywhere:-

– ਨਾਮਦੇਵ ਹਰਿ ਜੀਉ ਬਸਹਿ ਸੰਗਿ॥ (Raag Basant M. 5, 1192-13).
Naam Dayv lived with the Dear Lord.

According to Bhagat Namdev Ji, Waheguru is wondrous and jiwan-data who is ever pervading and permeating; and He can be realised when the Divine Grace ascends as per his own experience of Simran of Waheguru. Bhagat Ji used various names for Waheguru: such as Ram, Hari, Narain, Allah, Beetala, Beidi, Gopal, Gobind, Jagjivan, Kesva and Purkhotam etc):-

– ਏਕ ਅਨੇਕ ਬਿਆਪਕ ਪੂਰਕ ਜਤ ਦੇਖਉ ਤਤ ਸੋਈ ॥ ਮਾਇਆ ਚਿਤ੍ਰ ਬਚਿਤ੍ਰ ਬਿਮੋਹਿਤ ਬਿਰਲਾ ਬੂਝੈ ਕੋਈ ॥੧॥ (Raag Asa Bhagat Namdev, GGS. 485-1).
In the one and in the many, He is pervading and permeating; wherever I look, there He is. The marvellous image of Maya is so fascinating; how few understand this. ||1||

ਸਭੁ ਗੋਬਿੰਦੁ ਹੈ ਸਭੁ ਗੋਬਿੰਦੁ ਹੈ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਬਿਨੁ ਨਹੀ ਕੋਈ ॥ ਸੂਤੁ ਏਕੁ ਮਣਿ ਸਤ ਸਹੰਸ ਜੈਸੇ ਓਤਿ ਪੋਤਿ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਸੋਈ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
God is everything, God is everything. Without God, there is nothing at all. As one thread holds hundreds and thousands of beads, He is woven into His creation. ||1||Pause||

Bhagat Ji attaches a lot of importance to finding a True Gurur who could lead him to Waheguru:-

– ਹੋਹੁ ਦਇਆਲੁ ਸਤਿਗੁਰੁ ਮੇਲਿ ਤੂ ਮੋ ਕਉ ॥ ਪਾਰਿ ਉਤਾਰੇ ਕੇਸਵਾ ॥੩॥ (Raag Basant Bhagat Namdev, GGS. 1196-3).
Please be merciful, and unite me with the True Guru; Carry me across, O Lord. ||3||

– ਗੁਰ ਪਰਸਾਦੀ ਜਾਨਿਆ ॥ ਜਨੁ ਨਾਮਾ ਸਹਜ ਸਮਾਨਿਆ ॥੪॥੧॥ (Raag Sorath Bhagat Namdev, GGS. 657-4).
By Guru’s Grace, I know this. Servant Naam Dayv is absorbed in the Celestial Lord. ||4||1||

– ਜਾ ਕੇ ਮਸਤਕਿ ਲਿਖਿਓ ਕਰਮਾ ॥ ਸੋ ਭਜਿ ਪਰਿ ਹੈ ਗੁਰ ਕੀ ਸਰਨਾ ॥ (Raag Bhaira-o Bhagat Namdev, GGS. 1165-5).
One who has good karma recorded on his forehead, Hurries to enter the Guru’s Sanctuary.

ਕਹਤ ਨਾਮਦੇਉ ਇਹੁ ਬੀਚਾਰੁ ॥ ਇਨ ਬਿਧਿ ਸੰਤਹੁ ਉਤਰਹੁ ਪਾਰਿ ॥੪॥੨॥੮॥
Says Naam Dayv, consider this: O Saints, this is the way to cross over to the other side. ||4||2||8||

Bhagat Ji further describes the role of GURU in his life style:-

– ਸਫਲ ਜਨਮੁ ਮੋ ਕਉ ਗੁਰ ਕੀਨਾ ॥ ਦੁਖ ਬਿਸਾਰਿ ਸੁਖ ਅੰਤਰਿ ਲੀਨਾ ॥੧॥ (Raag Bilaaval Bhagat Namdev, GGS. 857-19).
The Guru has made my life fruitful. My pain is forgotten, and I have found peace deep within myself. ||1||

ਗਿਆਨ ਅੰਜਨੁ ਮੋ ਕਉ ਗੁਰਿ ਦੀਨਾ ॥ ਰਾਮ ਨਾਮ ਬਿਨੁ ਜੀਵਨੁ ਮਨ ਹੀਨਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
The Guru has blessed me with the ointment of spiritual wisdom. Without the Lord’s Name, life is mindless. ||1||Pause||

Bhagat Namdev claims that in his Spiritual realization, SIMRAN of Waheguru was instrumental:-

– ਕਉਨ ਕੋ ਕਲੰਕੁ ਰਹਿਓ ਰਾਮ ਨਾਮੁ ਲੇਤ ਹੀ ॥ਪਤਿਤ ਪਵਿਤ ਭਏ ਰਾਮੁ ਕਹਤ ਹੀ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (Raag Todee Bhagat Namdev, GGS. 719-13).
Whose blemishes remain, when one chants the Lord’s Name? Sinners become pure, chanting the Lord’s Name. ||1||Pause||

– ਨਾਮਦੇਇ ਸਿਮਰਨੁ ਕਰਿ ਜਾਨਾਂ ॥ ਜਗਜੀਵਨ ਸਿਉ ਜੀਉ ਸਮਾਨਾਂ ॥੨॥੧॥ (Raag Bilaaval Bhagat Namdev, GGS. 857-19).?
Meditating in remembrance, Naam Dayv has come to know the Lord. His soul is blended with the Lord, the Life of the World. ||2||1||

Bhagat Ji was so drenched in meditating and contemplating of Waheguru Naam that he did not want to be in the company of those were not in harmony with Waheguru:-

– ਜੋ ਨ ਭਜੰਤੇ ਨਾਰਾਇਣਾ ॥ ਤਿਨ ਕਾ ਮੈ ਨ ਕਰਉ ਦਰਸਨਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥ (Raag Bhaira-o Bhagat Namdev, GGS. 1163-14).
Those who do not meditate and vibrate on the Lord – I do not even want to see them. ||1||Pause||

ਜਿਨ ਕੈ ਭੀਤਰਿ ਹੈ ਅੰਤਰਾ ॥ ਜੈਸੇ ਪਸੁ ਤੈਸੇ ਓਇ ਨਰਾ ॥੨॥
Those whose inner beings are not in harmony with the Lord, Are nothing more than beasts. ||2||

– ਨਾਮਾ ਮਾਇਆ ਮੋਹਿਆ ਕਹੈ ਤਿਲੋਚਨੁ ਮੀਤ ॥ ਕਾਹੇ ਛੀਪਹੁ ਛਾਇਲੈ ਰਾਮ ਨ ਲਾਵਹੁ ਚੀਤੁ ॥੨੧੨॥ (Salok Bhagat Kabir, GGS. 1375-18).
Trilochan says, O Naam Dayv, Maya has enticed you, my friend. Why are you printing designs on these sheets, and not focusing your consciousness on the Lord? ||212||

ਨਾਮਾ ਕਹੈ ਤਿਲੋਚਨਾ ਮੁਖ ਤੇ ਰਾਮੁ ਸੰਮ੍ਹ੍ਹਾਲਿ ॥ ਹਾਥ ਪਾਉ ਕਰਿ ਕਾਮੁ ਸਭੁ ਚੀਤੁ ਨਿਰੰਜਨ ਨਾਲਿ ॥੨੧੩॥
Naam Dayv answers, O Trilochan, chant the Lord’s Name with your mouth. With your hands and feet, do all your work, but let your consciousness remain with the Immaculate Lord. ||213||

Bhagat Namdev on attaining his spiritual heights became a rebel in denouncing empty rituals of Hindus and Muslims in strongest possible language as given in his Bani:-

-ਹਿੰਦੂ ਅੰਨ੍ਹਾ ਤੁਰਕੂ ਕਾਣਾ ॥ ਦੁਹਾਂ ਤੇ ਗਿਆਨੀ ਸਿਆਣਾ ॥ (Raag Bilaaval Gond Bhagat Namdev, GGS. 875-2).
The Hindu is sightless; the Muslim has only one eye. The spiritual teacher is wiser than both of them.

ਹਿੰਦੂ ਪੂਜੈ ਦੇਹੁਰਾ ਮੁਸਲਮਾਣੁ ਮਸੀਤਿ ॥ ਨਾਮੇ ਸੋਈ ਸੇਵਿਆ ਜਹ ਦੇਹੁਰਾ ਨ ਮਸੀਤਿ ॥੪॥੩॥੭॥
The Hindu worships at the temple, the Muslim at the mosque. Naam Dayv serves that Lord, who is not limited to either the temple or the mosque. ||4||3||7||
………………………………………………………

Kirpal Singh

Wellington, New Zealand

kirpal2singh@yahoo.com

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