‘Gur Bin Ghor Andhhaar’ (ਗੁਰ ਬਿਨੁ ਘੋਰੁ ਅੰਧਾਰੁ)

The Gurmat puts a lot of emphasis to have a Guru for enlightenment as given in the following tuks:

ਗੁਰ ਬਿਨੁ ਘੋਰੁ ਅੰਧਾਰੁ ਗੁਰੂ ਬਿਨੁ ਸਮਝ ਨ ਆਵੈ ॥ (Sava-yay – in praise of Guru Ram Das by Bhatt Nal, GGS. 1399).

Without the Guru, there is utter darkness; without the Guru, understanding does not come.
ਗੁਰ ਬਿਨੁ ਸੁਰਤਿ ਨ ਸਿਧਿ ਗੁਰੂ ਬਿਨੁ ਮੁਕਤਿ ਨ ਪਾਵੈ ॥
Without the Guru, there is no intuitive awareness or success; without the Guru, there is no liberation.

The importance of seeking the advice of Guru is emphasised in the following tuks:

1. ਕੁੰਭੇ ਬਧਾ ਜਲੁ ਰਹੈ ਜਲ ਬਿਨੁ ਕੁੰਭੁ ਨ ਹੋਇ ॥ ਗਿਆਨ ਕਾ ਬਧਾ ਮਨੁ ਰਹੈ ਗੁਰ ਬਿਨੁ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਨ ਹੋਇ ॥੫॥(Raag Aasaa M. 1, GGS. 469).
Water remains confined within the pitcher, but without water, the pitcher could not have been formed; just so, the mind is restrained by spiritual wisdom, but without the Guru, there is no spiritual wisdom. ||5||

2. ਮਤਿ ਵਿਚਿ ਰਤਨ ਜਵਾਹਰ ਮਾਣਿਕ ਜੇ ਇਕ ਗੁਰ ਕੀ ਸਿਖ ਸੁਣੀ ॥ (Guru Nanak, Jap, GGS. 2).
Within the mind are gems, jewels and rubies, if you listen to the Guru’s Teachings, even once.

ਗੁਰਾ ਇਕ ਦੇਹਿ ਬੁਝਾਈ ॥ ਸਭਨਾ ਜੀਆ ਕਾ ਇਕੁ ਦਾਤਾ ਸੋ ਮੈ ਵਿਸਰਿ ਨ ਜਾਈ ॥੬॥
The Guru has given me this one understanding: there is only the One, the Giver of all souls. May I never forget Him! ||6||

3. ਗੁਰ ਕੀ ਪੈਰੀ ਪਾਇ ਕਾਜ ਸਵਾਰਿਅਨੁ ॥ (Raag Goojree M. 5, GGS. 517).
Falling at the feet of the Guru, our works are embellished with perfection.

4. ਗੁਰ ਕੀ ਮਤਿ ਤੂੰ ਲੇਹਿ ਇਆਨੇ ॥ ਭਗਤਿ ਬਿਨਾ ਬਹੁ ਡੂਬੇ ਸਿਆਨੇ ॥(Raag Gauhree M. 5, GGS. 288).
Take the Guru’s advice, you ignorant fool; without devotion, even the clever have drowned.

5. ਆਪੁ ਛਡਿ ਸਦਾ ਰਹੈ ਪਰਣੈ ਗੁਰ ਬਿਨੁ ਅਵਰੁ ਨ ਜਾਣੈ ਕੋਏ ॥(Raag Raamkalee M. 3, GGS. 919-20).
Renouncing selfishness and conceit, he remains always on the side of the Guru; he does not know anyone except the Guru.

ਕਹੈ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਸੁਣਹੁ ਸੰਤਹੁ ਸੋ ਸਿਖੁ ਸਨਮੁਖੁ ਹੋਏ ॥੨੧॥
Says Nanak, listen, O Saints: such a Sikh turns toward the Guru with sincere faith, and becomes sunmukh. ||21||

Who is the Guru afterall and how can one have full confidence in such a Guru? The Gurbani explains beautifully and guides as:-

ਨਾਨਕ ਸੋਧੇ ਸਿੰਮ੍ਰਿਤਿ ਬੇਦ ॥ ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਗੁਰ ਨਾਹੀ ਭੇਦ ॥੪॥੧੧॥੨੪॥ (Raag Bhairo M. 5, GGS. 1142).
Nanak has studied the Simritees and the Vedas. There is no difference between the Supreme Lord God and the Guru. ||4||11||24||

Now according to the Gurbani when the Waheguru and Guru are the same and the power of Waheguru is behind the Guru, then it makes a lot of sense that we trust in Gursabd, which is the voice (Truth) conveyed by Waheguru through the Guru:-

ਗੁਰ ਕਾ ਸਬਦੁ ਰਤੰਨੁ ਹੈ ਕਰਿ ਚਾਨਣੁ ਆਪਿ ਦਿਖਾਇਆ ॥ (Raag Malaar M. 1, GGS. 1290).
The Word of the Guru’s Sabd is a jewel, through which the Lord shines forth and reveals Himself.

On receiving the Divine light from the Guru, one gets enlightenment and emancipation and the darkness of ignorance is dispelled:-

ਗਿਆਨ ਅੰਜਨੁ ਗੁਰਿ ਦੀਆ ਅਗਿਆਨ ਅੰਧੇਰ ਬਿਨਾਸੁ ॥ (Raag Gauhree M. 5, Sloak 23, GGS. 293).
The Guru has given the healing ointment of spiritual wisdom, and dispelled the darkness of ignorance.

ਹਰਿ ਕਿਰਪਾ ਤੇ ਸੰਤ ਭੇਟਿਆ ਨਾਨਕ ਮਨਿ ਪਰਗਾਸੁ ॥੧॥
By the Lord’s Grace, I have met the Saint; O Nanak, my mind is enlightened. ||1||

So for a Sikh it is a must to seek shelter in the Guru Granth Sahib where Waheguru incarnate Guru lives who can bring enlightenment by reading, reciting, contemplating, obeying and putting in practice the truthful messages of Gurbani (Gursabd).

“Gurmat sachi sacha vichaar”.

Kirpal Singh
Wellington, New Zealand

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